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2020, Vol., No.46

  • 1.

    Structure of <Sanjungshingok> Series and Significance of Natural Images

    Yongchan Kim | 2020, (46) | pp.5~30 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Nature is a very important subject matter in Korean classical poetry. In particular, ‘Ganghosijo’, meaning sijo based on the nature, is considered a representative sijo category in the early Chosun Dynasty. The features encapsulated in the sijo poems describing the nature are recognized to demonstrate the world view of the enjoyers. Even among the sijo poems based on the nature, the features encapsulated in each poem are different one another. Therefore, the features encapsulated depending on the social and temporal environment each author encountered must be interpreted in different ways. In general, the structure of conflict between ‘clean nature and corrupt politics’ is assumed in Ganghosijos and the authors’ political experiences are projected spontaneously in the poems based on the nature. The distinct aspects among different authors are expressed in the poems depending on the authors’ cognition of real world, in contrast to the nature. Yoon Seondo is one of the authors who are assessed to be at the height of Ganghosijo in the sijo history. In his poems, the relationship between the nature and real world are described as critical values neither of which can be abandoned or given up. It should be noted, however, that esthetic inspiration in the nature to which he belonged is expressed more strongly in most poems that he wrote. There are 75 sijo poems of Yoon Seondo that have been handed down, each of which was titled appropriately. <Sanjungshingok> is considered one of Yoon Seondo’s representative poems together with <Eobusashiga>. In this article, the background and structural characteristics of ‘<Sanjungshingok> Series’ are investigated. The oeuvres and significance are also discussed by looking into the aspects of the natural images expressed in the poems. <Sanjungshingok> is identified to be a series of 18 poems, in deference to the framework of 『Gosanyugo』. In order to complement <Sanjungshingok>, <Sanjungsokshingok>, consisting of two poems, is included in ‘<Sanjungshingok> Series’ and investigated together. In general, Yoon Seondo’s sijo poems are recognized to have encapsulated the real nature, not the ideated nature. Each poem included in ‘<Sanjungshingok> Series’ was also titled appropriately. Previous studies have focused mostly on <Manheung> and <Ouga> among the poems included in ‘<Sanjungshingok> Series’. In this study, however, the other poems including <Jomuyo> are also analyzed to investigate the overall structure of ‘<Sanjungshingok> Series’ and the significance of natural images in detail.
  • 2.

    Educational Utilization Measures for Literary Works by Miam Yu Hui-chun

    kim, mi-sun | 2020, (46) | pp.31~58 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines measures for the utilization of literary works by Yu Hui-chun in classes for students majoring in Korean Literature and Korean Language education. First, Chapter 2 presents a summary of four educational implications of literary works by Yu Hui-chun. First, a manuscript of the diary Miamilgi and a literary Collection Miamjip have been handed down to present day. Second, recorded in his diary are the daily life of his wife Song Deok-bong and literary works. Third, his literary collection contains several works written during his exile. Fourth, there are many data about works by Yu Hui-chun that have today been translated and reprocessed, making them easy to use and read. Further, Chapter 3 presents an exploration of educational utilization measures for works by Yu Hui-chun, using cases of Chonnam National University. First, in classical Chinese education, measures for using diaries were offered. If classical Chinese is taught using the easier-type diary Miamilgi, students will be more accessible to the learning. In addition, not only will this allow students to learn Chinese characters through classes, but if student learn knowledge - albeit brief - related to classical literature such as writers like Yu Hui-chun and Song Deok-bong, diary literature like Miamilgi, and relations between diaries and literary collections, it will help them to later take class in their specialities on classical literature. Second, in education on classical Chinese poems related to the then life of Yu Hui-chun, measures for the utilization of his works were offered. When educating about poems written during his exile, situations of being released from exile, his life in the place of exile, etc. can be taught together. In addition, through his works, his and his wife's poems can be read, which makes it possible to take a look at husband-wife interaction poems in Joseon. Third, in education about the background knowledge of compilation of literary collections, measures for utilizing the works were offered. Can be explained to students how the content of manuscript of Miamilgi could be extracted, summarized and recorded in Miamjip, as how poetic works of his wife Song Deok-bong could be handed down in Miamilgi, and be compiled and published today. In addition, from the episode that his maternal grandfather Choi Bu and his wife Song Deok-bong contributed greatly to the compilation of the literary collection, major writers of classical literature can be more learned.
  • 3.

    The Background and Consciousness of <Ilminga> - Based on the contents of 『Jiam Diary』

    bae dae-ung | 2020, (46) | pp.59~92 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article has contemplated <Ilminga> that is a lyrical work listed on the basis of the contents of 『Jiam Ilgi (Diary of Jiam)』, a diary of Jiam Yoon E-hoo (1636-1699). The study on <Ilminga> has its foundation of the macro-way of view of Gangho Gasa (songs to praise the nature while enjoying the life in rural area) in the 17th century to take a look at <Ilminga> and it was taken a look on the basis of 『Jiam Ilgi』 that displayed the life of its writer, Yoon E-hoo, but it has taken a look with the focus on certain part of <Ilminga> without the explanation on the relationship between the entire contents and 『Jiam Ilgi』 which is something to be desired. Therefore, this article has contemplated what would be the intent of the writer to discuss about the contents of 『Jiam Ilgi』, the relationship with <Ilminga> and the subject to ultimately address through <Ilminga>. First of all, <Ilminga> was creatively produced with the influence of <Hwansanbyeolgok> from Lee Rak who was an uncle of Yoon E-hoo. <Hwansanbyeolgok> was created with the influence of Dojam’s <Gwigeoraesa> that it displayed the sense of satisfaction his life in Gangho. It is true that the full context of <Hwansanbyeolgok> seems to be present, but <Ilminga> displays its expansion and advancement with the delivery of subjective characteristics or style of <Hwansanbyeolgok>. In the meantime, <Ilminga> can be divided largely into three parts with the first part to depict the life in Okcheon, the second part to sing the life in Juk-do, and the concluding part to sing the blessing for the king. However, for each part thereof, it showed deviation in the emotion of speaker and this can be attributable to the fact that the life of Yoon E-hoo in his winding years has been integrated in <Ilminga>. Yoon E-hoo experiences political difficulties in his winding years for certain level, and because of such fact, he still had his grudges on his difficult times deep inside of his heart, and although he felt abundance of satisfaction while living in nature as a well-established member of local community, he ultimately winding down of his life while praying for blessings for the king in far distance away. It is difficult to bundle up the foregoing matters into a single tone, but if it is considered on the basis of the contents of 『Jiam Ilgi』, it can be understand on why Yoon E-hoo displayed such a complicated emotion. Consequently, <Ilminga> is the work that displays the appearance of self-stated narrative with strong self statement that displays an aspect of Gangho Gasa while displaying the one’s life at the final days simultaneously.
  • 4.

    Gyeong Wa Um Myeong-Sep's poetry expressed the practice of study of confucian classics and the real world

    Um-chanyeong | 2020, (46) | pp.93~119 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Um Myeong-Sep(嚴命涉) taught many students through village after school as the late Joseon Dynasty a moralist. He left posthumous works that 『Gyeong Wa sago(敬窩私稿)and Sun San Diary(舜山日記)』. Most of his poems given to students. His poems are a passage consists of seven(七言絶句). The contents of the poems include aspiration for studying abroad, a study of the 'moral mind', and an emphasis the fact that students (first learning) encourage learning is the right attitude to study. He lived in modern times where his sovereignty was lost, his study abroad was destroyed, and the ideology of right and left was confronted. He adjusts one's clothing as a classical scholar, and he did not keep his the ordinance prohibiting topknots. He walked on the path of a modern and contemporary Confucian scholar, seeing with both eyes the reality that study of the 'moral mind' was cut off. He expressed his regret that his world of study of the 'moral mind' disappearing in poems and calmed his anger by teaching the 'love of learning' and beginners.
  • 5.

    Consideration on the special ritual Hoobangyeon(回榜宴) experienced by Song Soon

    Park, Jong-O | 2020, (46) | pp.121~146 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Hoebangyeon is a ceremony to be held on the 60th anniversary of passing the State Examination. In the Joseon Dynasty, State examination had to pass in order to maintain status or to advance. But, passing the State Examinationsms was not an easy task. Hoobangyeon was the highest honor that only a long life government official could experience. The records related to Hoobang of Joseon Dynasty are the earliest data about Myeonangjeong Song Soon. Song Soon welcomes Hoobang in 1579. The family gives Hoobangyeon at Myeonangjeong. This Hoobangyeon is attended by former and current bureaucrats from Jeolla-do. The beautiful images of disciples and acquaintances carrying a sedan chair and carrying Song Soon are made. In a strict status society, teachers and disciples hang out together without being tied to status. This appearance is said to later generations. Hoobang was institutionalized in the Jeong jo era. In particular, raising a special grade to a person who received a Hoobang was formally implemented. The man who was hit by Hoobang went to the palace. The king lowered eosahwa and issued hoebanghongpae(or hoebangbaegpae). In addition, we prepared and delivered the cost of Hoobangyeon. Like this, Hoebang (Yeon) was celebrated as a personal and family event in the early Joseon period, and later, it was institutionalized as a national event. For the old, 60 years of the sexagenary cycle has a special meaning. Therefore, hoegab(回甲, 60th birthday) or hoehon(回婚, 60th wedding anniversary) is a special anniversary. Folklore that was practiced in yangban classes is also done in other classes. There are also folklore that only practiced yangban classes. Hoobang is different from the “hoegab” or “hoehon” that ordinary people can experience if they live long. After passing the State Examination, you become a bureaucrat and only a small number of people with long life can enjoy it. For this reason, Hoobang (yeon) is a special Yangban folklore that only a few people could experience.
  • 6.

    A Study on the System of Exile Literature of Yoon Yang-rae (Hoewa) and Exile Sijo

    kwon, hyun-ju | 2020, (46) | pp.147~178 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study intended to investigate the system of exile literature of Yoon Yang-rae (Hoewa) and study exile sijo. Yoon was exiled to Gapsan Mountain on June 20, 1722, and he compiled 『Bukcheon Ilgi』 and 『Gapgeuk Manyeong』 on the theme of his exile in Gapsan Mountain. 『Bukcheon Ilgi』 is a journal written in Chinese about the transfer to the place of exile, and 『Gapgeuk Manyeong』 is a garland that described the reality at the place of exile in Chinese poem and sijo. The reason this study investigated the system of Yoon’s exile literature is that errors in the system and translation were found in 『A Study of Yoon Yang-rae (Hoewa)』, which is the basic material in the study of Yoon’s exile culture. First, in 『Bukcheon Ilgi』, advance researches stated that this journal was written over 27 days in April, June, and July. However, if the errors in the dates are corrected, it is possible to realize that the journal was written in April, May, June, and July. As for 『Gapgeuk Manyeon』, it was known that it listed 321 Chinese poems while it only lists 255 poems, and there are errors in the pieces and the translation. This study examined the characteristics of Yoon’s exile literature by focusing on the exile sijo in Yoon’s exile literature. Yoon wrote a total of 19 sijos, which were written on the themes such as the repulsion against strange place, a longing for a favorable opponent, and self-consolation through imputation.