A Study on Samguhoi
Many associations were established in Honam under power of the Japanese imperialism. They were designed to find meaning of existence and prepare a new future by conservative intellectuals. Samguhoi was one of the associations. It was established by Lee Jong-taek, who came from Younggwang, Jeonnam, and its members were 56. In terms of regions, the majority of the members were from Younggwang, and the minority of them were from Gochang. The name of the organization means the members meet in March and September. It began from Fall of 1927 and was kept for 31 years till Fall of 1957. The members of Samguhoi met a total of 58 times and created 784 poems. And they published a poetry collection of ꡔSamguhoisigoꡕ on September 1957.
Conservative intellectuals exchanged their information and frequently met to prepare a coming new world. They tried to practise what was taught on natural circulation by ancestors. They did not give up their hope for their bright future in spite of depressed circumstances. The association regulations include their longing for a new world of descendants through good relations with ancestors.
In Fall 1939, Samguhoi members met in Songgojae, Hakchonri, Sungsongmyeon, Gochanggun, Jeonbuk. At that time, Kim Gon created an excellent poem. He described landscape of beautiful Hakchon and abundance of Fall. Gwon Young-ok represented beauty of prosperous season. They compared beautiful landscape to a bright future of Korea.
Samguhoi members could not help facing poverty and despair as they lost their nation. However, they tried to stick to human reasons and justice for the generation and the association they belonged to. They prepared for a new world to come.