The purpose of this article was to examine the life of Nobong KimJung (1670-1737), who was active during the reign of King Yeongjo of the Joseon Dynasty, and the sense of direction that appeared in his poems.
The background of the creative works are that he was born in a fine grand family. The following is that Nobong himself had an unusual ability. First of all, he had a broad minded since he was young. Second, he had a brilliant mind since he was so young that he could memorize which he read all the ancient books. Third, in many difficult situations after the death of his father, he overcame reality with his strong will. Fourth, he met great teachers or seniors, and his learning and spirit became deeper and wider.
The formal features of his poems were first composed mostly of the metrical verses, which are fixed form of verses. Second, his poems emphasize the meaning through repeated letters. Third, the description of the situation in his poem is realistic. In his omniscient point of view, he realistically describes the situation in which he was met with.
The realm of Nobong shown in his poem is first self-reflection based on the old sages. Second, he aimed for an open world in a closed space. Third, he aimed for a simple life and an antuque and elegant personality. Fourth, he sought harmony with external objects through human duty. He had a traditional Confucian scholar’s view of universe that pursued humanism.