This paper looked into the literary world and spiritual world of Dongpo and Chusa, poets who share similarities in various genres, through their exile poetry. In exile poetry, this study focused on the liquor poetry of Dongpo and the tea poetry of Chusa. Both poets enjoyed drinking alcohol and tea as intellectuals who mastered Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism. However, Dongpo was familiar with the Taoist ideology combined with Buddhism because he controlled resentment and inspiration through liquor. Chusa had a strong Buddhist color because he favored tea.
Whereas Dongpo boosted romance and conviviality using liquor, Chusa controlled the purity of mind with tea. Since liquor is extroverted and tea is introverted, the personality of the two persons is reflected in the symbolic background. Therefore, Su Shi’s poems have the conviviality of liquor based on the Taoist spirit embracing Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism. Chusa’s poems have divine energy with a Buddhist overtone.
While paying attention to this point, this paper examined the poetry worlds of the two poets using texts from the liquor poetry of Dongpo and the tea poetry of Chusa. Poems provide important clues for understanding the spiritual world and ideology of Dongpo and Chusa in depth. Accordingly, Dongpo studied poetry to expand his literary world. Chusa studied poetry to reevaluate his literary value that had been neglected because of calligraphy.
The dense economic language is the essence of Chusa’s poetry pursuing substance over splendid skills, and this ethos especially stands out in poems written in Jeju Island. Meanwhile, Dongpo’s poems show a romantic tendency based on universal imaginations. This poetic tendency presents a philosophical state that is aloof about the mundane world while staying close to reality in the place of exile. Contrary to Chusa’s strict exclusion of skills and pursuit of ultimate substance, Su Shi exhibited an outgoing temperament that adequately delivered the content and reason through rich imaginations and skills.