Lee Hang-bok (Baeksa) was quite experienced in state affairs that he was appointed as the Minister of War after the Japanese Invasions of Korea for five times, but he was involved in the deposal of Queen Mother Inmok and ended his life in Bukcheong, the place of exile. Baeksa left a total of six pieces of sijo. This study regarded them as exile sijo and analyzed their characteristics.
Before analyzing Baeksa’s sijo, this study examined the reason he was sent into exile in Bukcheong and the course to the place. The incident, the deposal of Queen Mother Inmok, began from Yoon Yoo-gyeom’s appeal, and he criticized her father, Kim Je-nam, to insist on her deposal. Because it would be easy to insist on the deposal of the Queen Mother when Kim Je-nam is sentenced with the banishment penalty(追刑) by additionally charging him for treason. He also referred to a narrative in the Spring and Autumn Annals and argued that King Gwanghaegun shall cut off Queen Mother Inmok and that Queen Mother Inmok told King Gwanghaegun to become a ‘commoner.’ In response to this, Baeksa argued against Yoon Yoo-gyeom’s appeal, which insisted on the deposal of Queen Mother Inmok through the story of Emperor Shun. However, Baeksa’s request to King Gwanghaegun for filial duty was intentionally misinterpreted and he was sent into exile as a result.
Through exile poems, Baeksa expressed loyalty reflecting his anger and also criticized the world that made him an exile. For there are not many previous studies on Baeksa and his literature that focused on his exile poems, this study intended to analyze Baeksa’s feelings as an exile in relation to his exile in Bukcheong and poems.