This study reviewed the <Sarochingok 12piece(思老親曲12章)>’s Structural Features Based on the experience of Exile of Jeongjae(靜齋) Lee Dammyeong(李聃命) <Sarochingok 12piece> has been understood to be a work that shows the characteristics of the late Joseon Dynasty. The rationale is that it is based on filial piety and that it has a weak composition as a Linked Sijo(聯詩調).
However, this view does not develop an understanding of the Structural Features of the work. Most of all, Lee Dam-myeong's exile regarding the background of the creation of <Sarochingok 12piece> was not specifically examined.
The exile of Lee Dam-myeong can be largely divided into Changseong and Nampo. In Changseong, he was in a desperate situation where he could not be expected to be released. However, it was released due to severe drought in Pyeongan and Hamgyeong provinces. He moved to Nampo and was dramatically reunited with his mother.
This aspect can also be seen through the Structural Features of <Sarochingok 12piece>. Based on the perception of exile, the composition of <Sarochingok 12piece> consists of ‘Can't Meet Mother -> Accepting his situation -> Waiting for a reunion with mother.’ This aspect shows that <Sarochingok 12piece> is loose in binding the chapters, but overall it has a Structural method. And this is the result of Lee Dam-myeong's exile and mother's relationship.