With the rapid change of information environment, this study suggests role models and strategies for the university library in Korea based on the subject specialization. By analyzing the current situation and problems of university library, this research presents various directions for the subject specialization. Major research issues are (1) university library’s subject specialization directions, models, and factors, (2) subject specialized librarian’s role and education system, (3) basic framework for customized information service and user education, (4) enhancement of subject specialization through subject gateway, (5) academic information sharing system.
This study is an attempt to explore the professional image of librarianship through librarians’ subjectivity using Q-methodology based on intraindividual difference in significance. The study identified four types of the professional image of librarianship and discussed their relationship; the ambivalent, the prideful, the advanced, and the critical. Each types are unique, not inter-exclusive characteristics reflected the context of the present. Also, all types have a positive image toward the librarianship.
Througout the literature, various opinions and recommendations are presented concerning educational backgrounds for subject specialist librarianship. However, the Korean library and information science education is designed as the college program, and so, utilization of either minor or double major programs is regarded as the best to produce qualified subject specialist librarians. Nevertheless, the courses in the library and information science should be promoted first. Accordingly, this study starts with the assumtion that the subject bibliography course in the library and information science is designed directly or indirectly to educate students as subject specialist librarians. For this, law and law firm library were explored as examples, and then, finally a law bibliography was provided for the training of the law specialist librarians.
This study examines overall user experience associated with Web search engine use including selection, usage of search features, evaluation. The data were collected through individual interviews with 28 faculty members and graduate students. It was found that users tend to select a search engine based on experience and knowledge of certain features and familiarity with an engine itself more than based on previous experience with search results. The results showed the users had mixed opinions regarding cross language retrieval while they did not believe the usage of operators effect the search results. It appears that users are interested in interface design as well as the accuracy of search results.
The Study focused on the four areas: First, the Study examined the changing identity of the LIS Professionals, and change in LIS curricula. Second, the study addressed the transition from the traditional library to the virtual model. Third, the study asked how the traditional technical service of LIS professionals is changing to user-centered service. Finally, the study viewed the skills and the roles of the LIS professionals.
This study is an examination of knowledge-based society’s impact on knowledge, it’s functions, and it’s types in fields of humanities an social sciences. Knowledge-based society does not invalidate the definitive mechanism underpinning social coexistence today, but the importance of knowledge will increase greatly whereas the importance of the productive resources labor and capital will diminish. Therefore, knowledge-based society demands that we enter at this time into a discussion that takes new approaches to the knowledge. This study provides a doorway to a discussion of topics such as : Anticipating and characterizing the knowledge-based society, spectrum of fields of new types of knowledge for which typical differences can be ascertained, the interlinking of various disciplines in the respective field of knowledge, the new roles and types of knowledge in the fields of humanities and social sciences.
This study intends to make a comprehensive investigation on the present stage of library catalogs in Korea. To the end, this study analyzed the utility of the library catalog from both librarians’ and end-user’s viewpoint. Emphasis was on analyzing the different viewpoints between these two groups and on verifying the problems of library catalogs in such a rapidly changing information environments. The result of this study is expected to be useful in preparing both strategies and methods to enhance the utility of library catalogs.
The purpose of this study is to extract metadata based on Dublin Core from national construction information DBs, to design XML schema from the extracted metadata, and to apply the previous works to integrated information retrieval system. To extract metadata, co-work was performed with librarians in the field of construction information, and, as a result, twelve metadata elements from Dublin Core and one administrative metadata could be extracted. Based on the investigation and analysis of those thirteen metadata elements, XML schema design process was described in detail. Finally, the service environments of integrated information retrieval system to which XML schema was applied was introduced. Further study was also provided.
This paper starts by exploring the definition and scope of digital culture contents under digital environments. It then analyzes the classification system of search engines about digital culture contents in terms of subject catagories and the number of web documents. Finally, this study suggests the recommendations for effective retreival and manangment of digital culture contents.
Recently, the service of the technical information(journals, proceedings) which are taken in from abroad and provided has some difficulties to make users acquire the information with ease because the bibliographic information, article and document delivery service are not linked to the related organizations. In this paper we propose to supply a high-degree retrieval service by the systematic and unitary DB construction and management and to make a nation-wide efficient management and cooperation system of the foreign technical information from abroad as building up the assigning a part of the location guide and document delivery service and cooperation system of the bibliographic information from the foreign technical resources.
The Quality Management System is based on a system approach method. The Library and information center analyze the requirement of the customer, and manage to be interactive process so that we reach an information service level which the customer expects. This study accomplished theoretical review of ISO 9000 as International Quality Management System, investigated the trend for change of ISO 9000 certification systems. We reviewed ISO 9000 family which the Library and Information center possible apply and presented the requirement in the library and information center with the process to need for a Quality Management System certification.
The aim of this research is to investigate the history of the public library movement and identify the achievements and limitation, finally looking for the significance and direction of the public library in the future. This research proves through the history of the public library movement that in the information era the public library can be one alternative in realizing the publicity and equality of knowledge and information of our society.
Recently, a great deal of corporations have adopted knowledge management system with eagerness to enhance the company competitiveness. However, since the main feature of knowledge management system is not just a simple information system but another entity creating intangible assets called “knowledge”, we need to develop a new approach to investigating the performance and acceptance of knowledge management systems from a perspective allowing knowledge-sensitive constructs. In this regard, we develop new constructs like knowledge schema and several knowledge circulation-related activities. As a research model, we adopt a famous technology acceptance model or TAM by Davis (1989), and extend it into incorporating knowledge schema. With the statistically valid and usable questionnaire survey data collected from 886 respondents in a big corporation typically using knowledge management system, we induced a robust result empirically, saying that knowledge schema and knowledge circulation activities are valid determinants of performance and acceptance of knowledge management systems.
This paper estimates the relative efficiency of 29 university libraries in Seoul by data envelopment analysis. We employed library space, staff and book collection as inputs, and book circulation and reader visits as outputs. The result shows that average efficiency score is 0.5248 and only 3 libraries are efficient. Inefficiency is estimated to be 47.52%. Reorganization may be necessary in order to achieve greater efficiency.
This study used content analysis to examine the research methods in Library and Information Science journals from 1997 to 2001. Analyses measured research subjects, research method, data collection methods, data analysis methods, hypotheses, theories and research funds. Brief consideration is given to possible future methodological trends: web-based research methods, qualitative research, cooperation between academic society and librarians and research fundraising.
A public librarian is an occupation, which requires long-term, continuous training and difficult study to acquire and cultivate professional knowledge and skills. It is a necessity to achieve new knowledge, information and skills via appropriate retraining. A training system is the method which gives chances of retraining to public librarians. After examining some of the problems with the existing training system, it is apparent that the direction of training system needs to be decentralized. That is each local branch should be autonomous in terms of new training for librarians. For the method of training system, each autonomous unit would integrate the different theories to apply to the community-at-large and invite practical specialists from the local community to lecture. The training classes would be elective in that the each librarian could choose the classes he/she wants to take and give them credits for that, but the certificate for the class would also go towards completion for the required technical training. Finally, the utilization of cyber-education should be introduced, and the library association’s role strengthened, to help public librarians cultivate their specialties.