This thesis concerns urban construction archive management business of China in the 20th century. 12 items of state-level construction archives, 11 categories of urban construction archives was initially studied. And studies on data collection method, obligations, and range of service, etc. of urban construction archives center were conducted as well. Urban construction archive management business was aggressively pursued in terms of national policy, based on the state plan to construct medium-sized and large cities and Mao ZeDong(毛澤東)’s direction regarding of urban construction archives. As a result, there happened to be various levels and types of 3,186 archive centers, as of 2003. And the archives centers of urban construction have been established in 662 cities all over China so far, while the establishment of the urban construction archives centers was pursued only in 42 cites in 1960s. Another point to note is that staff members of junior college or higher educational background account for 70 % - 80 % of overall human resources of the archives center of urban construction, while 60 - 70 % of them are technical level. This makes professional human resources represent at least 60 % of the total human resources of the centers. This is a result of effort of China to enhance urban construction archive management business on both quantitative and qualitative level. And through the study on the situation of urban construction archive management business in Beijing(北京), it was learned that urban construction archives are being collected and managed in archives centers of the respective areas as well as in professional archives centers of urban construction. Some suggestions were also made regarding what kind of direction Korea should take to pursue the business of urban construction archive management.
In digital environment, the hallmark of the national libraries is its responsibility or function of acquiring and preserving the country’s off-line and on-line publications in term of legal deposit. But the legal deposit system based on print materials in Korea predates the digital age and requires a new legal framework. It would be a tragedy if national library was not to archive the nation’s intellectual and cultural heritage because of limitation of legal deposit system. The purpose of this paper is to analyze form of the current deposit system and to suggest a reform model for legal deposit legislation with priority given to legal scheme and elements(terms, the depositor, the depository, object of deposit, number of copies, time of deposit, compensation and fine, right of migration and free access, etc.).
This study is an attempt to re-examination of information value and it’s economic efficiency from the viewpoint of information science. This study focuses on the analysis of the considerable discussions about added value of information and cost-benefit analysis of information. This study shows that the researchs of information value or value-added information have dealt with the effect of information use and the measuring information efficiency concerns cost-benefit analysis of information services. A case study on ‘the national digital library program’ is also demonstrated as a pilot model for the cost-benifit analysis of information services.
This study intends to develop a new duplicate detection algorithm to improve database quality. The new algorithm is developed to analyze by variables of language and bibliographic type, and it checks elements in bibliographic data, not just MARC fields. The algorithm computes the degree of similarity and the weight values to avoid possible elimination of records by simple input error. The study was performed on the 7,649 newly uploaded records during the last one year against the 210,000 sample master database. The findings show that the new algorithm has improved the duplicates recall rate by 36.2%.
Reading activities and after-reading-programs were applied to students of 4 school years from 2 to 5 school year who read subject books separately, in order to activate reading activities after reading. After-reading-programs make, supply and utilize analytical reading materials of subject books for 5 days of reading camp and that consist of composition of impressions of the book, presentation of that, reading discussion and a picture of impressions of the book. The results show that ,most of all, composition describing their impressions of the book contributes to activation of reading activities after reading very much among four types of after-readings. The next, reading discussion is effective and presentation is also good. But a picture of their impressions of the book does not yet promote activation of after reading activities.
Libraries manage e-Books as a new kinds of library materials and provide library users with information services in Korea. Initially, this study was intended to be an investigation into several misconceptions surrounding e-Books and their pricing structure. This study is also concerned with the fallacies of unifying e-Book techniques from four perspectives: (1)the misunderstandings related to unifying viewer and DRM, (2)the misconceptions about unifying service techniques in the industrial structure, (3)the analyses of essence of e-Book techniques, (4)the settlement of users’ inconveniences through continuous technique refinement. Based on the results, this study suggests various problems associated with the collaborative purchase of e-Books, and presents several ideal strategies for their acquisition and service.
Scientific/technical data whose reliability is authorized have to include physical/chemical constants, authorized property value or authorized scientific statistical values so that the scientists in the same field use them continuously and repeatedly for their research. The data also have to be managed as Standard Reference Data that will be used in other area nationwide by analyzing, evaluating and authorizing the accuracy and reliability of the information with scientific methods. This study suggests a plan for establishing the National Center for Standard Reference Data as well as a necessity for managing the data produced in research process as a national Standard Reference Data. Also, a prototype of research information system for measurement standards is developed and described in detail for research information for measurement standard to be used as a reference data, then a plan to managing national reference data is suggested, in addition.
Accurate and current government information is essential to any member of that country. Now it has become possible to access government information with greater ease and convenience on the internet. This study examines e-government websites of the U.S.Canada, Australia, the leading countries in the e-government project, and provides ways to improve the e-governments website of Korea.
Mutual information, as an association measure, has been used for various purposes as well as for calculating term similarity. There are, however, some limits in mutual information. It tends to emphasize low frequency terms extremely because the marginal value of mutual information changes inversely to frequency of terms. To compensate for this limit, this study suggests relative mutual information(RMI) coefficients which normalize mutual information, and examines their characteristics in some details. The RMI coefficients also improve effectiveness of global query expansion when they are adapted to three different collections.
This study briefly analysed the situation of rehabilitative education in Korean prisons; examined the purposes of the prison and prison library, and the relationship between the prison library and rehabilitative education; and explained the literacy, open learning, self-directed study and higher education provided by the prison library.
The process of managing the results of national R&D projects, which are aimed at strengthening national competitiveness, has been ineffective so far. The existing structure for managing the results of national R&D projects have largely been relying on just storing and managing the result of each project and not on the utilization and expansion of the results for further application. We aim at developing a system that would exceed the current system which heavily relies on a passive paradigm of management and circulation of technology. Through the newly developed system, we look forward to achieve the major goals of R&D, such as cutting down the expenses, increasing the margin, improving the technology and expanding the influence of the research to other areas from through improving the system as well as the process for managing R&D projects.
The purpose of this study is to analyze use patterns of archival terms and suggests the directions for their standardization. This present paper begins with analyzing translation patterns of fundamental terminology in the area of records and archives management, and compares with corresponding Chinese and Japanese words. And some problems of essential terms are discussed in the light of standardization criteria which are adjusted to archival terms. Based on these analyses, it suggests directions for standardizing archival terms.
The study is to analyze the transition process and various activities of library advisory committees in Korea. In addition, the study compared activities of Korean library advisory committees to them of other countries such as USA and UK. It is found that the library advisory committees in Korea has not filled its mission and function since established in 1989. The study suggests several activation plans and scheme for the new library advisory committee.
This study used content analysis to examine research methods and trends of the user study articles from 1991 to 2003. Analysis measured research subjects, research method, data collection methods, data analysis methods, hypotheses. The average yearly papers in the case of scholarly journal - 2.8 pieces. The year published the largest number of papers is 2001. The order of the number of papers information behavior, user study, user interface, user education, OPAC use. Used research methods are literature search and survey research, data analysis methods are Х², correlation and T-test.
Outcome indicators measuring public libraries’ impact on the community and individual community members have a great utility on the accountability improvement, better management, and role enhancement. This study identifies such areas of demonstrating public library impacts as economic value, social contribution, and information literacy, by literature review. A framework pertinent to develop public library outcome indicators is suggested for implementing outcome based evaluation in an individual public library’s environment.