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2006, Vol.40, No.3

  • 1.

    A Study on the Branch Establishment Planning of National Library

    Hee-Yoon Yoon | 2006, 40(3) | pp.11~34 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    A national library is a library specifically established and administrated by the government of a nation to serve as the repository of knowledge and information for that country. National libraries are generally a county's designated national repository, collecting literature published in the country, in the language of the country, or about the country they represent. In case of advanced countries, national libraries have more than one branches at many different locations. Its system is called the distributed national library system. But the National Library of Korea maintains a centralized library system located in Seoul. This research which it tries to pay attention in this problem point extracted a logical ground and suggested the mid-long term basic plan(S-shaved Branch Library Project) for a National Library of Korea to convert and reconstruct from centralized system to centralized-distributed system.
  • 2.

    Managerial Strategies for Records Reappraisal and Deaccessioning at Archives

    Seo, Eun-Gyoung | 2006, 40(3) | pp.35~51 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Prior to the 1980's, reappraisal and deaccessioning were considered as an “anti-archival” activity. Recently, however, many archivists have come to realize that a reappraisal and deaccessioning is essential to providing better access to more important records and to strengthen and refine holdings. To develop a program with strong and well-focused holding appropriate to the purpose and environments of archives, archives have to carry out systematic and continuing procedure to reevaluate past appraisal. This study explores the various main issues and opinions with regard to reappraisal and deaccessioning and then, suggests the reappraisal principles and deaccessioning procedures such as return of the materials to donor, transfer to more appropriate depository, destruction of the material.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Effect of Reading Instruction on the Creative Ability and the Self-Directed Learning Ability

    조미아 | 2006, 40(3) | pp.53~71 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the different types of reading instruction programs and reading methods influenced the creative ability and the self-directed learning ability. They were divided into two groups. Class A was taught to use “The Author-Reader-Inquirer Cycle”, which concentrated on the writing-centered reading program model. Class B was taught to use “The Literature Circles”, which concentrated on the speaking and listening-centered reading program model. After reading instruction, the creative ability and the self-directed learning ability increased. The writing-centered reading instruction was more effective than the speaking and listening-centered reading instruction. The reading instruction during the long-period was more effective than that during the short-period. The “intensive reading” among the reading methods had a significant influence on the creative ability and the self-directed learning ability.
  • 4.

    A Study of the Differences of the Reading Motivation Based on Grade Level, Gender, and Birth Order

    Yeon-Mi Choi | 2006, 40(3) | pp.73~97 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Knowing about each student's reading motivation is important to school librarians in producing life-long readers in their students. This research asks the questions, are there any significant differences of reading motivation between grade level, gender, and birth order? and what kinds of reading motivation can encourage students to read books? The questionnaire method composed of 25 items was used for 278 students. The sample consisted of 142 students in 2nd, 136 in 5th grade, 140 boys and 138 girls, and 119 first born and 159 other birth order students. Finding shows that significant differences were observed for the reading motivation in 2nd and 5th grade, no significant differences between boys and girls, and no significant differences between birth order students were observed. It concludes with recommendations of reading motivation to each student or group.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Development of Library Anxiety Scales

    Park, Hyun-Young | NamTaeWoo | 2006, 40(3) | pp.99~120 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    This study is conformed to having library anxiety of our domestic university library users, and, to developing the Korean Library Anxiety Scales(K-LAS). The research methods is literature research, library use postscript report analysis, and questionnaire survey. The research subjects were selected to be 4 universities in consideration of their student number and library scale. The research period was from September 3, 2005 to March 23, 2006. The questionnaire survey was administered in the liberal arts courses which all the students could take. The development method of the Library Anxiety Scale are the content validity test by expert group, reliability test and validity test of SPSS Program. Also, the correlation between library variables and library anxiety was tested by using K-LAS. The results of this study developed the K-LAS, which was composed of 6 factors and 40 items. 6 factors were set up as physicalenvironmental factor, library use and knowledge factor, task and research factor, digital information factor, and the factor on library staff, and psychologicalemotional factor. According to the post-test results of the correlation between library anxiety and variables, 5 factors except the factor on library staff were correlated with more than 2 variables respectively.
  • 6.

    Information Needs and Behavior of North Korean Refugees

    Yong Wan Cho | 2006, 40(3) | pp.121~149 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    In recent days North Korean refugees, who hope to move into and settle in South Korea, have been rapidly increasing. However their adaptation to South Korea is reported to have not been so much successful as they expected. Considering such situations, this study attempts to investigate their information needs and behavior. North Korean refugees have various and strong information needs for settlement and daily life. The strongest were information needs related to economic problem, specifically job and business related information needs. It was followed by information needs related to social welfare, health and security, child care and education, and North Korean situation. In order to meet their information needs, North Korean refugees were heavily dependent on informal interpersonal information sources such as their family members, friends, and their own neighborhoods, as compared to such formal interpersonal information sources as public officers, social welfare agents, and NGOs members. Meanwhile, their usage of mass media such as TV, newspapers, and internet as information sources was also heavy. However the overall information environment surrounding them appeared to be relatively inferior to that of average South Koreans.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Developing Standard Classification of the National Knowledge and Information Resources

    Young Man Ko | Tae-Sul Seo | 조순영 | 2006, 40(3) | pp.151~173 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to make out a draft for the standard classification of the National Knowledge and Information Resources. As the result of the Study the standard classification system of the national knowledge and information resources, named “Knowledge Classification : KC" is suggested. KC consists of 3 classification systems : classification by subject, type of resources and type of media. The classification by subject has 12 main classes, and each main class has divisions. Main classes consist each of major discipline or group of related disciplines. The type of resources is classified by 10 types of content , likewise numbered 0-9, and the media of knowledge are classified by 8 types, likewise 0-7. In the practice the notation always consists of 2 characters and 2 digits. The first character designate main class and the second character designate division. The first number designate the type of resources and the second number designate the type of media.
  • 8.

    The Method of Using the Automatic Word Clustering System for the Evaluation of Verbal Lexical-Semantic Network

    Hyegyeong Kim | YOON,AE-SUN | 2006, 40(3) | pp.175~190 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    For the recent several years, there has been much interest in lexical semantic network. However, it seems to be very difficult to evaluate the effectiveness and correctness of it and invent the methods for applying it into various problem domains. In order to offer the fundamental ideas about how to evaluate and utilize lexical semantic networks, we developed two automatic word clustering systems, which are called system A and system B respectively. 68,455,856 words were used to learn both systems. We compared the clustering results of system A to thoseof system B which is extended by the lexical-semantic network. The system B is extended by reconstructing the feature vectors which are used the elements of the lexical-semantic network of 3,656 '-ha' verbs. The target data is the 'multilingual Word Net-CoreNet'.When we compared the accuracy of the system A and system B, we found that system B showed the accuracy of 46.6% which is better than that of system A, 45.3%.
  • 9.

    Centrality Measures for Bibliometric Network Analysis

    Jae Yun Lee | 2006, 40(3) | pp.191~214 | number of Cited : 92
    Abstract PDF
    Recently, some bibliometric researchers tried to use the centrality analysis methods and the centrality measures which are standard tools in social network analysis. However the traditional centrality measures originated from social network analysis could not deal with weighted networks such as co-citation networks. In this study, new centrality measures for analyzing bibliometric networks with link weights are suggested and applied to three real network data, including an author co-citation network, a co-word network, and a website co-link network. The results of centrality analyses in these three cases can be regarded as promising the usefulness of suggested centrality measures, especially in analyzing the position and influence of each node in a bibliometric network.
  • 10.

    A Study of Variables Affecting the Information Literacy

    Nam-Jin Park | Eunju Choi | 2006, 40(3) | pp.215~232 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzed factors affecting the information literacy of students and the effects of information literacy education. Based on the results, the study aimed at presenting plans for the enhancement of information literacy education hereafter. The differences in the mean value of computer operating skill, library related knowledge, frequency of library use and information literacy prior to and after taking the course in information literacy education were compared. The result of hypothesis testing on the effects of previous educational experience, computer operating skill, knowledge of library use and frequency of information use have on information literacy, as well as the relationship between course satisfaction and opinion after taking the lecture were all adopted. The result of the study implied that more systematic and concrete information literacy education program is urgently needed.
  • 11.

    A Study on the Information Resources of International Organizations and the Current Use Situation in Korean Libraries

    Hyun-Jin Hong | Younghee Noh | 2006, 40(3) | pp.233~262 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study is designed to identify the knowledge information resources of international organizations and the current situation and problems of gaining and using the information resources of international organizations. The researcher made a selection of a total of 115 organizations: 59 international organizations and professional organizations under the jurisdiction of UN, 29 intergovernmental organizations, and 27 regional organizations. The questionnaire subjects were domestic university libraries, national libraries, and professional libraries of a certain size. The researcher took a look at the current collection situations of international organization information resources, the designation of trusted libraries, the subject areas of possessed international organizational publications, the current situations of material management and use, the demand for international information resources. The findings will hopefully be used as basic materials for the service model of official international integrate information organization.
  • 12.

    A Study on Implementation of the Integrated Electronic Resource Management System for Digital Librarian

    Jong Yup Han | Hyun Yang Cho | 기명종 | 2006, 40(3) | pp.263~287 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    With the rapid and broad changes of information media and information environment the traditional libraries have been evolving into the digital libraries. An analysis for the planning and realization of the electronic resource management system was carried out to establish the various electronic resources in the digital library, the first in Korea. The study targeted from electronic journals, web-based databases, e-books, and to open access resources. The focus of the analysis lies in the providing practical integrated electronic resource management for digital librarian based on the framework of effective Electronic Resource Management Initiative(ERMI) of Digital Library Federation(DLF) with network and electronic resource description. The analyses included life-cycle, subscription models, coverages, types of information provider for electronic resources, and system organization for implementation of electronic resource management system.
  • 13.

    Searching Thesaurus Construction with Word Association Test: A Pilot Study

    Han, Seung Hee | 2006, 40(3) | pp.289~304 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this pilot study is to construct a searching thesaurus with word association test in the library and information science field and to confirm it's functionality as searching aids through query expansion experiments. The test results were analyzed to four types of relationship between stimulus words and response words, and the terms of association thesaurus were compared with descriptors of an existing thesaurus. The test results show that the word association test is a fruitful method to identify many related terms and narrower and equivalent terms in some degree to the stimulus terms. Furthermore, in the query expansion experiment, the performance of association thesaurus was better than that of an existing thesaurus, This result demonstrates that word association thesaurus can apply to query expansion.
  • 14.

    A Study on the Application Strategies of the FRBR Model: Focused on Foreign Countries

    Lee Sung Sook | 2006, 40(3) | pp.305~331 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    FRBR(Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records) that is conceptual model of bibliographic universal is increased its value because of spreading digital libraries. This research investigates application strategies of the FRBR model. For the study 7 foreign application cases are analyzed. Especially focused on the reason of adoption and method of the entities in the first group of the FRBR model. The result of this research could be the basic resources for study and implementation of the FRBR Model.
  • 15.

    A Survey of the Reading Habits of Soldiers in the Korean Armed Forces

    Mi-Kyeong Cha | SONG SUNG SUP | 2006, 40(3) | pp.333~351 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to develop a guideline for user based collection development of the military library. A questionnaire survey of 1,000 soldiers of armed forces selected from two military divisions was conducted. The survey results show the needs for the sufficient collections with diverse subject areas, current materials, and periodicals, and also suggestion of the programs for encouraging soldiers to read.
  • 16.

    A Study on the Effectiveness of a Bibliotherapy Program for Elementary School Children in the Public Library

    박금희 | Yeon Kyoung Chung | 2006, 40(3) | pp.353~368 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to develop the categories of the bibliotherapy program in the public libraries and to evaluate the effect of group bibliotherapy program for the decreasing aggressive behavior of the elementary school children. The effectiveness of bibliotherapy program was very impressive and its expansion to the public library service is required.
  • 17.

    A Study on the Active Flow of Foreign Grey Literature in Korea

    Young Joon Nam | Hyun Yang Cho | 2006, 40(3) | pp.369~389 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Grey literature is a non-public data only for nonprofit users. Some of the major grey literatures are technical report, proceeding, and thesis. For their promptitude, these sources are core of research and development. According to a research on the academic quality, grey literatures have higher usage rates than books--articles excluded. Also, the usage of foreign grey literature by librarians of research organization was investigated. The result was that over 90 percent of the researchers were demanding the original text of the foreign grey literature. In addition, librarians pointed out that the time-consuming problem and the lack of published information was a hindrance to using grey literature. For the centralized management of grey literature, they wanted an alliance structure.
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