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2011, Vol.45, No.4

  • 1.

    A Study on Developing a Model for Young Adult Programs in Public Libraries

    이경란 | 2011, 45(4) | pp.5~26 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study intends to develop, apply, and evaluate a young adult program model for public libraries in Korea. For this, this researcher carried out a SWOT analysis, after examining the current status of domestic and foreign young adult programs, surveying the young adults’ interests in and demands for programs, and interviewing the experts of related organizations and groups. As a result, “Book Concert with Youth”, “My Dream, My Future”, and “Reading Through Cinema”, “Fun Learning”, and “2 Day 1 Night Reading Camp with Authors” were proposed as the young adult program models.
  • 2.

    A Critical Review of Research on the Economic Valuation of Libraries

    Young Man Ko | Wonsik Shim | 2011, 45(4) | pp.27~52 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The value of the library has always been recognized positively. Economic valuation of libraries and their services uses a concrete methodology that enables the quantification of library value and communication of said value among library stakeholders. This paper presents a comprehensive review of literature on economic valuation of the library based on a total of 89 studies conducted over the last quarter-century. Research on library valuation began in the mid-1990's with the formal exploration of the value of public libraries from a theoretical point of view. In the 2000's, various theories and methodologies were reviewed and put into actual measurement studies. The comprehensive review and analysis point to the need for the development of consistent and reliable set of methods, which will facilitate further application of methods and comparison of results.
  • 3.

    A Bibliometric Study of Library and Information Science Research in Korea

    이종욱 | YANG, KI DUK | 2011, 45(4) | pp.53~76 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    This study assesses research patterns and trends of library and information science(LIS) in Korea by applying bibliometric analysis. For the study, 2,400 peer-reviewed publications from 2001 to 2010(including conference proceedings) published by 159 LIS professors in Korea were analyzed by year, author, affiliation and journal. The study findings showed an increasing trend in collaboration(52.75% of total publications with single authors and 47.25% with multiple authors) among LIS professors in Korea, robust publication patterns of Korean LIS faculty(average 1.51 publications per year), and an increasing number in foreign publications(170 publications). The study results also suggested an internationalization of LIS in Korea. Specifically, the study found a higher rate of Korean LIS faculty with foreign degrees than in previous years as well as a higher publication rate of professors with international degrees. The analysis of publication patterns conducted by the study, which is a first step in our aim to establish a multi-faceted approach for assessing the impact of scholarly work, will be followed up with analysis of references and citations to evaluate the quality of publications.
  • 4.

    A Study on Personalized Search System Based on Subject Classification

    Kwang-Young Kim | Kwak, Seung-Jin | 2011, 45(4) | pp.77~102 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to design, implement and evaluate a personalized search system using gathered information on users to provide more accurate search results. For this purpose, a hybrid-based user profile is constructed by using subject classification. In order to evaluate the performance of the proposed system, experts directly measured and evaluated MRR, MAP and usability by using the Korean journal articles of science and technology DB. Its performance was better than the general search system in the area of “Computer Science” and “Library and Information Science”. Especially better results were shown when tested on ambiguous keywords. Evaluation through in-depth interviews proved that the proposed personalized search system was more efficient in looking up and obtaining information. In addition, the proposed personalized search system provided a variety of recommendation systems which proved helpful in navigating for new information. High user satisfaction ratings on the proposed personalized search system were another proof of its usefulness. In this study, we were able to prove through expert evaluation that the proposed personalized search system was more efficient in information retrieval.
  • 5.

    An Analysis of Information Literacy Education Based on the Operation of Korean Law Schools' Education Curriculum

    Kim Sung Eun | 정종기 | 2011, 45(4) | pp.103~122 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The main subjects of law school curriculum are composed of subjects based on related laws for law schools. The purpose of this study is to analyze the operation of the legal information subject in law schools and law libraries and to propose efficient operation methods on law information services which would be useful to law schools and law libraries. The results of this study are as follows: 1) 22 law schools have legal information research subjects as an essential or fundamental part of their curricula. Also, 2) in 14 law schools(63.6%) law librarians take part in the instruction of law information research subject, while in three law schools(13.6%) librarians do not participate, and in another three law schools(13.6%) outside experts teach them. Finally, 3) the graduate degrees or final majors of librarians participating in instruction are: Library & Information Science(33.3%), Administration(25%), and Law(25%). These results reflect the need for efforts to change instruction systems to team teaching with professors and law librarians, to give law libraries plenty of administrative support, and to enforce the related associations' roles with law libraries.
  • 6.

    An Analysis of Relationship Between Self-Cognition Level of Information Literacy and Library Anxiety

    Euikyung Oh | 2011, 45(4) | pp.123~137 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The study analyzed the relationship between self-cognition level of information literacy(SCLIL) and library anxiety(LA). SCLIL was 3.72 point, LA was 2.47 point, and these results are similar to previous studies. SCLIL and LA are correlated each other significantly(r=r=-0.493, p<0.05). Higher SCLIL leads to lower LA. Also, the study found the main factors of LA was lack of methods to access information', ‘lack of confidence in evaluating the information's relevance.’ For those who are going to major in Library and Information Science, it is found that they have less LA and lower SCLIL compared to those who are not willing to major in Library and Information Science, and this shows a tendency to downplay their own abilities, while tending a more positive image of libraries. Based on the results, recommendations were made to use social and psychological standard tests in order to elaborately and diversely reflect individual information user's psychological aspect.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Description of Relationships and Homographs in Terms of Creator and Work in the Korean Thesaurus

    한상길 | Suk-Doo Choi | 2011, 45(4) | pp.139~155 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The failure of distinguishing homographs in describing relations of individual authors and relations of authorship(i.e. distinction of persons with the same name or persons of the same literary author's name) will cause difficulties of retrieving exact information. It is because relations of automorphism cannot be formed between the two sets mentioned above. Therefore, it is ultimately necessary to set up the criteria or tools to distinguish homographs in order to retrieve more exact information. In the past, some efforts were made to develop authority data in order to solve the homograph problems by individual libraries, documents and portal sites in Korea. It is well understood that developing authority data by an individual institution was very difficult with no criteria or no rules to clarify the homograph problems at the national level. This study is to develop ways of recognizing individual names including subject words and proper nouns. The results of the study will present methods of distinguishing and describing homographs between individual author sets, and authorship sets particularly focused on the areas of arts and popular culture.
  • 8.

    Activation of Publishing Domestic SCIE Journals Based on the Situation Analysis

    Eun-Ja Shin | 2011, 45(4) | pp.157~178 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    In the field of science and technology, influential international journals can easily be found in SCIE. A total number of journals published by societies or institutes in Korea are only 82 of the 8,300 SCIE titles. In this study, in light of the SCI criteria the detailed analysis, of these journals was performed for Korean SCIE journals. The results show that in general domestic journals were not actively cited, had a low level of internationality, and user services through the website was insufficient. Korean SCIE journals should continue to complement these points and elevate its reputation. Candidate journals should concentrate on recruiting more excellent papers, promoting communication with foreign researchers, enhancing domestic and international public relations, and the like. To actively support the domestic publication of excellent journals, long-term and short-term measures should be established and consistently practiced at the national level.
  • 9.

    A Study of Differently-Abled Users' Perception of Public Relations Services in Libraries

    Younghee Noh | Inja Ahn | Miyoung Park | 2011, 45(4) | pp.179~207 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This study was conducted by surveying users' perception about the public libraries' current public relations, which can contribute to developing the most appropriate public relations strategies for persons with disabilities(PWDs). This study concluded, first, PWDs' experience with the PR of the library services was a very low 32.4%. Intellectual disabilities, especially, were reported to have no experience in public relations. Second, the library public relations media which PWDs utilized the most were the Internet, library bulletin boards, banners, ARS services, and podcasting, in that order. However, satisfaction with promotions appeared below average(3 points or less). On the other hand, interest in public relations media was very high. Third, it appeared that library users with disabilities most frequently use the websites of their school library, the National Library of Korea, and public libraries in that order. However, the usage rate of services and users' satisfaction with them were very low. Finally, a high demand for facilities with accessibility to PWD users emerged as a result of this study. Therefore, this study recommends greater accessibility, convenience, and ease of facility use for persons with disabilities.
  • 10.

    A Study on the Impact of Users' Place Attachment on the Value of Public Libraries

    이정호 | 2011, 45(4) | pp.209~234 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to verify effects between the place attachment and the place value in public libraries; and also to identify whether frequency and purpose of usage, length of residence, and website use play a moderating role in the influential relationship between users' place attachment and the perception of place value for public libraries. Users' place dependence affected the library's value positively(+) due to moderating effect of usage frequency of the library and the users' length of residence. In order to estimate the moderating effect by purpose of use, the groups were divided by purpose of library use and the relationship between place attachment and place value by groups were analyzed. However, website usage bore no effect on users' place attachment or perception of place value to their local library. This study showed that place attachment as an affective indicator on users is very useful variable to explain the value of libraries as a social and cultural place.
  • 11.

    A Study on Status and Utilization of Korean Rare Books in Collège de France

    Hye-Eun Lee | Lee Hee Jae | 2011, 45(4) | pp.235~251 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this article is to outline the history and importance of the Korean rare books in Collège de France. With this purpose in mind, the historical background and the process of how these books came to Collège de France were studied through cataloguing the list, and then analyzing them by subject, printing type, and timeline. We examined the relationship between the private collections of Maurice Courant(1865-1935) and the Korean rare books held in Collège de France. The Bibliographie Coréenne written by Maurice Courant is the most important reference book for studying the publication of the late Joseon dynasty and finding the whereabouts of the Korean books in France. Also, we tried to figure out the best way to implement and make use of a bibliographic database, and contribute to the exploration and study of Korean Cultural Heritage scattered outside Korea.
  • 12.

    Relevance of Five Laws of Library Science in the Contemporary Library World

    B. Ramesh Babu | 2011, 45(4) | pp.253~269 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Dr S. Ranganathan’s Five Laws of Library Science were published in 1931 which is a classic work. This article describes in detail the Five Laws of Library Science and their implications on library activities. These laws have provided a scientific approach to library science. They constitute the philosophical basis for work and services of all types of libraries. These also provide guidance in the practice of Library and Information Science. He author emphasises that these will provide source of inspiration and guidance in the years to come. Every student and teacher of library Science and librarian must give a thought to the implications of these laws. In the changing environment of libraries in the emerging society has to fall with in the purview of these laws. The imperatives motivated by these five laws at the time of Ranganathan and in the present days have been identified. The new interpretations of the five laws with the various current nomenclature of Library and Information Science and other allied subjects have been enumerated. These new interpretations of these Laws shows that in today’s international world of librarianship, Ranganathan’s Five laws are much important and relevant what was before and even it is increasing. These Laws became the cornerstones of the philosophy of the techniques of Western society’s library experts. The author concludes that the vision and legacy of Ranganathan will continue to be an inspiration and guiding spirit for the emergence of the new library and information profession. These will serve as source of inspiration and guidance in the years to come. It is not whether Ranganathan is by himself relevant to-day, but it is we who can make him relevant by studying and applying his principles and practices in different areas of library management.
  • 13.

    Philosophical and Theoretical Perspectives of Five Laws of Libraries and its Influence on the Library Profession: Issues and Challenges

    M. Krishnamurthy | 2011, 45(4) | pp.271~286 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The role of information in knowledge society has changed. Library refers to information centre, which is actively involved information collection and promoting use of for the development of individual and society. Modern libraries are the centres of interaction for all interested in accessing information and in participating in the marathon of the present competitive age. Information and a conducive environment of its free flow is a vital tool in all forms of human endeavour. It is the link pin of national development. For a nation to develop it needs to have and provide relevant, updated and adequate information on food security, health, democracy, population, education, family planning, youth empowerment, gender quality, environment etc. The information intermediaries are the persons to modulate these complexities and find match between the information sources and users needs to satisfaction of Ranganathan’s law: Books are for use; Every reader his/her book; Every book its reader; Save the time of the reader; Library is a growing organism. The relative importance of these norms in modern context has been evident from experience, study, observations, discussions, etc., and only by scientists and technologists, but also by managers, planners, and policy makers. They recognize the usefulness of information in the performance of their needs information needs. Libraries are therefore proper management, provision and dissemination of such information. It is clearly visible in the contemporary context, that the libraries in the knowledge society are much more than the book depositories This article looks at the theory/practice divide in library and information science and particularly Ranganathan’s contributions, basic statements remain as valid in substance if not in expression as -to-day as when they were promulgated, concisely representing the ideal service and organizational philosophy of libraries today.
  • 14.

    The Five Laws of Library Science From A Japanese Angle

    Satoru Takeuchi | 2011, 45(4) | pp.287~295 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The Five Laws of Library Science was introduced into Japan in 1935. After World War II, it was widely disseminated among young librarians by the education for librarianship developed in the 1950’s. Its concept, “Books for All,” met a serious opposition from local authorities based on their long continued concept of “preservation.” After they realized that people eagerly use local libraries, they interpreted that the duty of public library was “lending books.” They introduced “Privatization” of libraries into quite a few local libraries in order to save money. For overcoming problems, it is important to disseminate the library concept among the public, the assembly members and government officials planning to change their attitude of disregarding libraries. As the fundamental library philosophy, the Five Laws of Library Science is important. In the commentary of the Five Laws written by the present writer, he included an illustration of triangle pyramid showing the structure of the Five Laws. He included here the spiral of study on the library and the library science, based on the Section 814 of the Five Laws. He welcomes discussions on his Japanese angle from different viewpoints in order to develop further understanding of the Five Laws.
  • 15.

    Five Laws and Libraries in Korea: Are We in the Right Direction?

    Yoon, Cheong Ok | 2011, 45(4) | pp.297~308 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper discusses the current situation of public libraries in Korea, from the viewpoint of Ranganathan's ‘Five Laws of Library Science’. Public libraries have very rapidly grown in Korea in the past ten years. With an average growth rate of 5.8% per year, the number of public libraries reached to 703 in 2009, and the number of people served per library have gradually reduced every year, even if still far below other advanced countries. However, there are still some attempts to retrain people of their right to read whatever they want. In this paper, it is emphasized that in public libraries more attention and financial and strategic assistance should be given to the disadvantaged people, and the equal right to benefit from library services should be ensured. And the library as a growing organism should be balanced with the responsible library director, devoted librarians, and concerned people in the community.
  • 16.

    Implications of Five Laws of Library Science on Dr. S R Ranganathan’s Colon Classification: An Explorative Study

    S. K Asok Kumar | B. Ramesh Babu | P. Nageswara Rao | 2011, 45(4) | pp.309~326 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    There have been several milestones in the history of library classification but most of the schemes failed to meet the new challenges in the organisation of information. Dr S R Ranganathan tried to revolutionise the whole thinking on classificatory approach, when he devised the Colon Classification (CC) in 1933. He developed the Colon Classification scheme with a sound theoretical background based on normative principles, Five laws of Library science, canons, etc. One important feature of CC is that, its use is not confined to information storage and retrieval alone. This paper presents an over view of different editions of the CC highlighting the salient features of the editions. Further the implication of Five Laws of Library Science has been described. The authors stressed that the features of such as greater hospitality, specificity and mixed notation has paved the way to design and develop the depth schedules on various micro level subjects and so far about 130 micro schedules have been published. The impressions by the leading LIS professionals during and after Ranganathan’s time have been highlighted. The authors expressed the fear that when the library world would see the complete version of the seventh edition of CC? It may be due to lack of institutional support engaging in the research or financial constraints. The authors are of the opinion that any scheme to flourish needs a sound research body to bring out the revised editions as done in the case of Dewey Decimal Classification. The relevance of the CC in the contemporary world of Librarianship is discussed. Finally concludes that CC needs to be resuscitated as it is a precious national heritage; and still a force for the management of libraries.