This research aims at executing a after reading activity using book trailers for the teenagers, and verifying its effects. For the investigation into its effectiveness, 6 classes on the first grade in a middle school were divided into 3 classes of an experimental group (104 students) and the other 3 classes of a comparative group (100 students), and a preliminary and a post test were conducted using the measurement tool on creativity and reading attitudes. As the result, the creativity, reading attitudes and understanding of the selected books of the experimental group were found to be better than those of the comparative group.
This study attempts to derive the necessity and effects of study circles and the direction for their future improvement by understanding the current operation situation of study circles by the librarian who are in charge of school libraries and their perception about the study circle activities. For this purpose, those in charge of school libraries in 25 Offices of Education Support in Gyeonggi-Do were surveyed by telephone interview regarding the operation of study circles by the school librarians. Survey analysis and in-depth interview were conducted particularly focusing on Suwon region where the school librarians turned out to be most actively involved in the study circle activities. According to the analysis results, study circle activities by librarian gives an opportunity of sharing information related to school library operation and cultivating competence as a librarian, in addition to being helpful in enhancing their performance capability in school libraries.
This study investigates and classifies 61 pieces of hereditary Sasojeol versions in possession of 8 libraries in Korea and 3 libraries in the US and Japan and compares them with one another with the following results. Firstly, as a result of investigation of 61 pieces of Sasojeol, it was found out that the hereditary versions are classified into 5 kinds including Cheongjangkwan Sasojeol, Sashojyeol of Korean version, Hyunto Sasojeol and Sasojeoljijeol. The detailed investigation proves that Sasojeol and Sasojeonjijeol are imparted to the present most often, that Sashojyeol of Korean version is the traslated from printed version of Sasojeol, that Hyunto Sasojeol is the Korean editings of printed version of Sasojeonl, and the Sasojeoljijeol is the ummarized version of Cheongjangkwan Sasojeol. Secondly, the comparison of Cheongjangkwan Sasojeol possessed by major libraries proves that the version in National Library of Korea's and Jangseogak's possession are similar to each other by and large and that the comparison of Sasojeol possessed by each institution proves that the version in Kyonggi University's possession copied the former generally fine. Thirdly, the comparison of Sasojeoljijeol and Cheongjangkwan Sasojeol proves that Sasojeonjijeol is the summarized version of redrafted Cheongjangkwan Sasojeol and traces of 22 sentences being added to.
This study describes the Bottom-up method for implementation of an ontology system from the RDB. The STNet, a structured terminology glossary based on RDB, was served as a test bed for converting to RDF ontology, for generating the inference rules, and for evaluating the results of the semantic search. We have used protege editor of the ontology developing tool to design ontologies with test data. We also tested the designed ontology with the Inference Engine (Pellet) of protege editor. The generated reference rules were tested by TBox and SPARQL queries through STNet ontology. The results of test show that the generated reference rules were verified as true and STNet ontology were also evaluated to be useful for searching the complex combination of semantic relation.
The purpose of this study is to develop a model of the TOC(Table of Contents)-based research record system and to comparatively analyze its usability, in order to comprehensively and systematically manage and practically use the various research records generated from the entire process of research and development. For this purpose, the templates for technical recording and the components of each item were proposed to enable technical recording based on TOC, and structured contents were designed to organically connect between these TOC technical records and existing research records. Also, a database logical schema was developed to design a database, and a test collection was constructed on the basis of research records and TOC technical records. Finally, the model of research record system was constructed by designing TOC record search system and user interface including integrated search system. Based on this model, the usability assessment was performed by comparing the existing distributed general systems with the TOC-based research record system. As a result of the comparative analysis of these two systems, the TOC-based research record system showed generally higher utilization of research records than the general systems.
This study was conducted to create a digital archive for local cultural contents compiled from the records of westerners who visited Korea during the Enlightenment Period of Chosun. The compiled information were gathered from 11 records, and 10 main subjects and 120 sub-subjects were derived through the subject classification scheme. Item analysis was conducted through 37 metadata, and input data types were classified and databased in Excel. Finally, a model of the digital archive system was simulated, and a webpage consisting of five menus was presented. Suggestions for future research were extensive aggregation of new data for archive expansion, active connections between archive systems, standardization of systems, and improved system design for compatibility and user-friendliness.
The rapid growth of information technologies and data networks has increased the volume of data generated from scholarly research and the possibilities of re-using and sharing such data. However, there is a serious problem of management and sharing of research data due to the lack of facilitating policies and supporting infrastructure. In particular, few data repositories exist that support systematic collection and sharing of research data in the humanities. In this regard, the Korea Research Memory (KRM) established by the Korea Research Foundation is a rare exception. The purpose of this research is to present specific processes and strategies that can facilitate the data collection, reuse and preservation through the KRM using task analysis and source document gathering as main focal points. In addition, in order for the effective collection and sharing of research data, the following recommendations are proposed: 1) the need for the adoption of data management plan related policies that govern the collection and sharing of research data generated from publicly funded research projects, 2) the need for training and support services for individual researchers and research institutes, 3) the need for training data specialists, and 4) the citation scheme and structure designed for research data.
The purpose of this study is to understand the value of Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury as the second most favored ‘One Book’, and the goals of the communities which selected this particular book. A total of 53 ‘One Book’ programs from 2001 through 2014 and 136 TBR programs from 2007 through 2015 selected this book as ‘One Book’ to read. In this study, 270 programs in TBR 2008/09, and more than 240 programs in TBR 2014/15 and several ‘One Book’ projects were analyzed. The results confirm the significance of book discussions and movie showing, the focus on such subjects as censorship, banned books, and freedom of expression, etc., and a close relationship between the diversity of programs and cooperation with community members.
The main purpose of this study is to develop and apply a means of connecting reading movement and Newspaper In Education (NIE) activities utilizing the voluntary participation and cooperation of local school districts and autonomous government entities. This is necessary to revitalize or systematize the environmental social life of reading newspapers and NIE activity. Literary or inquiry research will be initiated in this study in order to quantify the current or actual conditions of this connection, delineating the basic objectives of this study, and determining the developmental directions for continuing this study as related to the connection of reading movement and NIE activity. Anticipated study activities or major tasks are as follows. First, develop a variety of intended programs and learning materials necessary for each. Secondly, develop and establish corresponding online data and educational programs. Thirdly, a “cooperation” system must be established and training programs implemented reinforcing these ideas. And, lastly (and to gain wider acceptance), starting a public relations campaign to show or illustrate the benefits of this study and these intended research activities. In conclusion, if a connection between reading movement and NIE activity are fully established and periodically adjusted by means of continuing discussions on the merits or concerns based on the study findings, the full potential of the reading movement connection with NIE activity will be realized and achieved to its truest meaning and/or highest order.
The purpose of this study is to analyze inquiry tasks of textbooks in middle schools social studies under the information literacy process and find out teacher librarians’ educational information service on the side of information literacy education. Results of the analysis show that middle school students who carry out the inquiry tasks of social studies should select sources, seek its’ related information and create their products through writing reports or presentation. Compared with information literacy process of the 「Library and Information Skills」, the First step of task definition and figuring out information needs and the Third step of representation of information are being implemented. For this reason, teacher librarian could reduce social studies teachers’ burden of class and promote students’ inquiry activities by teaching skills of suitable materials seeking strategies for solving their task, understanding and synthesizing the information and evaluating their process and result. Therefore, it is necessary to activate collaborative teaching between the teacher librarian and the social studies teacher based on the information literacy.
This study analyzed library awareness and anxiety among people in their 20s living in East Asia. The objective is to develop the international library cooperation agenda for life-long education proliferation. User groups in Korea, China, and Japan were investigated to understand the differences in library awareness based on the situational contexts such as preferred resources, use frequency, educational level, and gender. Results of the data analysis showed the correlation between library anxiety and use patterns such as preferred information sources and frequency of use. Specifically, the user group in China has the highest level of library anxiety with every factor. Also, the Korean user group was measured to have the lowest level of library anxiety in terms of digital information factor. Based on these results, the study presents several recommendations for resolving library anxiety such as embracing new information need with regard to environmental change and suggesting a new space policy for libraries.
This study examined changes in citation index scores and rankings of thirty-five chemistry faculty members at Seoul National University using different co-authorship credit allocation models. Using 1,436 Web of Science papers published between 2007 and 2013, we applied the inflated, fractional, harmonic, network-based allocation, and harmonic+ models to calculate faculty’s h-, R-, and normalization of h- and R- index scores and rankings. The harmonic+ model, which is based on our belief that contribution of primary authors should be the same regardless of collaboration, is designed to minimize the penalty for research collaboration imposed by harmonic and NBA models by boosting the contribution of collaborating primary authors to be on the equal footing with single authors. Although citation rankings by different models are correlated with each other within the same type of citation indicator, rankings of many faculty members changed across models, suggesting the importance of an accurate and relevant authorship credit allocation model in the citation assessment of researchers. The study also found that authorship patterns in conjunction with citation counts are important factors for robust authorship models such as harmonic and NBA, and harmonic+ model may be beneficial for collaborating primary authors. Future research that reexamines the models with updated empirical data would provide further insights into the robustness of the models.
The objective of this study is to illustrate the procedures, processes, and considerations of site selection for the construction plan of a new main library in a metropolitan city. The case to be discussed in this paper is the new library of Busan. As a regional main library supported by the law, the new main library can serve as a representative public library for the citizen, which will serve as a community center, an intellectual archive, and the policy hub for the regional information services. In this paper, the site selection strategy and specific evaluation methods for the new Busan central metropolitan library have been discussed. It also strived to illustrate elements to be considered for the planning of a regional central library as other cities and provinces may refer to for their own regional central library planning.
This study aims at developing the measurement tool of reading motivation using self-determination theory (SDT). SDT is not simply divided into the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. SDT resides along a continuum, with amotivation, external regulation, introjected regulation, identified regulation, integrated regulation, intrinsic motivation. SDT addresses the process of internalization of various extrinsic motives. This study analyzed motivation factor of the measurement tool such as MRQ (motivations for reading questionnaire), MRP (motivation to read proﬁle) ERAS (elementary reading attitude survey, RSCS (reading self-concept scale). The study re-classified analysis results based on SDT. Ultimately, this study was proposed measurement tool of reading motivation using SDT has 6 area, 30 items.
This study examined the application of the FRBR model to newspapers and news articles. In order to meet the purpose that was mentioned above, we analyzed data items based on the level of newspapers and articles and discussed how the FRBR model may be applied. In terms of the level of a newspaper, each of newspapers, morning/evening paper, issue and edition are regarded as an individual work, and the relationship among them are considered to be the ‘whole-part relationship’. Each article on the level of article basis was considered to be a work and was in a relationship of ‘whole-part relationship’ with the edition of each level of newspapers. Newspaper articles can be represented as texts, photographs, graphics, and tables, etc., and regarded as an individual work. Each work can be a part of the article on a newspaper or can be an independent article itself. Moreover, a uniform heading of each boxed article and running story is included in the work of each article and is forming a ‘whole-part relationship’. Because of the changes of the newspaper name, the uniform title of each name regarded as a single binding. It is called the superwork and it is forming ‘whole-part relationship’ with each name.
This study aims to look at overall adolescents' perceptions of library and reveal the relevance of search engine sources and library sources compared each elements of them and find out any related issues of perceptions of library and information use of them. The data for this study were collected through survey and analyzed descriptive statistics and correlation analysis using the data. The result shows the population users preferred search engine over library as their information search tool, and they used library as primarily a source of information for printed materials such as books and most of them don't use the library often. Also the result shows the population users tend to select information when it is easy to get and fast to access. Correlation analysis such as χ² and Spearman were implemented and the result of the correlation shows that many factors of this study covered-such as comparison of information sources- have significant differences each other.
This research attempted to provide new philosophical perspective to be taken in the public libraries as an institution which should support the social inclusion in the multicultural society. As deepening on dichotomous system of culture in modern society, It is referred to the need for an intercultural discourse on mulitcultural services in the public libraries. The process of social Integration suggested by Esser indicated the interactive transformation between actors and society. The conception serves the standard perspective on immigrants. Accordingly, This research analyzed a multicultural program of public libraries based on the classification of policy about immigrants by Castles. And it is based on the intercultural philosophy of Mall, It suggested the roles of public libraries in social integration and the process to support immigrants through the framework by Esser.
The purpose of this study is to suggest development plan of the Regional knowledge information services through the case study analysis between Korea and Japan public libraries. For this purpose, we analyzed literature related to the Regional knowledge information services, performed case study, and carried out a investigation which focuses on a public libraries webpage. According to the analysis, the development plan for the Regional knowledge information services was suggested as follow; that is user-friendly service, internal cooperation, external network cooperative strategy, visible public relations and recognition improvement. This study has aimed to prepare for the basic data which will help Korea public libraries to make better Regional knowledge information services in the future.
This study aimed to investigate data management practices of university researchers in Korea, as well as their experiences and perceptions of data sharing and reuse. For this purpose, it performed semi-structured interviews of 13 researchers who agreed to participate in interviews followed by a survey conducted prior to this study. The interview participants created or collected research data with various types and formats, and only a few conducted data documentation while they recognized its significance. The majority of participants perceived the period that data would be useful as the period that data can be employed for publications. However, most participants wanted to preserve data beyond the period that data would be considered useful and it indicates they have no small need for data storage and preservation. Participants usually shared data with those whom they have known, such as a personal research group or a research team. While some completely agree with the principle that publicly-funded data should be open to the public, others partially agreed or disagreed with it. Most participants were concerned about being scooped, plagiarism, and maintaining the first right to publish and incentives to mitigate the concerns would be necessary.
This study aims to compare the retention efficiency of library materials of Automated Storage and Retrieval System(AS/RS) revealed by the literature review to other types of book stacks. Domestic and foreign academic libraries adopted AS/RS as part of a plan to improve the retention efficiency. Literature review reveals that in general, AS/RS is better in the retention efficiency in compare to other types of book stacks. This study compared the amount of library materials stored by the AS/RS of S University Library to the general book stack and the fixed-type and the mobile rack-type of virtual book stacks. The study reveals that AS/RS is up to 6 times more efficient than general book stacks, up to 3.61 times more efficient than fixed-type book stacks and up to 1.45 times more efficient than mobile rack-type book stacks. However, the study claims that the retention efficiency of library materials of AS/RS is lower than what is known.
In this study, we analyzed the current research state of Library and Information science in top 20 journals from 1990 to 2015, in subject and method perspectives. We developed weighted subject-method network to investigate on centralities of a subject and a method as well as their relations. This network is composed of subject nodes and method nodes and gives a weight on each node by topic occurrence. As a result, for 25 years, management information system, information need analysis, bibliometrics, information policy were top topics. Modeling, literature review, scientific research impact analysis, web data analysis were top methods. A recent rise of text mining is highlighted. We also analyzed communities made from the past 25 years and the recent 5 years. Bibliometrics is extending its field by applying various network analyzing algorithms. Text mining is specialized in medical information system and user interface. This result identifies the interests of excellent studies in Library and Information Science. It also can be fundamental resource for the development of Library and Information Science.