Korean | English

pISSN : 1225-598X

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 1.06
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2016, Vol.50, No.3

  • 1.

    A Method to Identify How Librarians Adopt a Technology Innovation, CBAM(Concern Based Adoption Model): Focusing on School Librarians’ Concern about Digital Textbooks

    Ji Hei Kang | 2016, 50(3) | pp.5~23 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    As new technologies change a society, librarians need to understand and adapt to technology innovations. However, most innovations that librarians are supposed to adopt are government-driven or top-down changes; and there have been very few studies conducted to identify any patterns or consistencies in librarians’ perceptions of innovation. This paper, therefore, has two research purposes. First, it introduces the Concern Based Adoption Model (CBAM) as one method to gain a deeper understanding of how librarians see such changes. Second, this study identifies school librarians’ concerns regarding digital textbooks in South Korea applying the CBAM theory. The test signifies that school librarians present a typical non-user profile, and the pattern anticipates a potential resistance to digital textbooks. Also, it discovers the less experienced and innovator librarians had higher concerns across every stage. The findings underscore a need of various interventions. The CBAM theory suggests, in terms of intense Stage 0 and 1, it is required for school librarians to have events to gain information about digital textbook implementation. Regarding targeted interventions, since the biggest gaps occurs in Stage 4, Consequence and Stage 5, Collaboration, according to school librarians’ experience and adoption style, new school librarians need stronger engagement with the community, which including associations, mentors or peer support, and collaborating with public libraries; innovator school librarians require opportunities to test and present their use of digital textbooks (Hall and Hord 1987).
  • 2.

    A Study on Developing of a Leadership Competency Model for Public Library Directors

    Ji Eun Oh | Dong Youl Jeong | 2016, 50(3) | pp.25~52 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to develop a leadership competency model for Korean public library directors which could help the progress of public libraries. Complex methods like contents analysis of precedent studies, FGI with high performers, survey to librarians and directors of public libraries which were affiliated to Seoul Metropolitan Government and validation by specialists were used for this study. As a result, a leadership competency model for Korean public library directors which consists of the 19 components was developed and this model can be used as the criteria for improvement of the leadership competencies of Korean public library directors.
  • 3.

    An Analysis of the Public Librarians’ Self Images using Semantic Differential Method

    Gi ho Song | 2016, 50(3) | pp.53~69 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to measure self images of public librarians who should increasingly take charge of services for children and young people through the semantic differential method and analyze its’general characteristics. According to the results of analysis public librarians have been satisfied with their works and believed that they are kind, fair and gentle. One the other hand, they have had negative self images such as no influence, neglect, poor and stuffiness. Therefore, the result show that public librarians consider their ability, quality and activity as positive images, but they have felt lack of the social consensus and affirmative evaluation of their role. So, we can see building a good physical environment and running great programs to create access of children and young people to the public libraries, demonstrating leadership among senior librarians are so important in order to beat the stereotype and improve their positive self images of their evaluation and role. It is also necessary to promote the new value and role of public libraries and librarianship and to enable retraining for cultivating their qualities as a teacher.
  • 4.

    Case Study on the Library Service Innovation Applying Service Design Methodology

    ByeongKi Lee | 2016, 50(3) | pp.71~92 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Service design is a process and methodology for innovating or creating service. This study analyzed library case that applied service design method to library service innovation and creation. The object of this case studies include 7 library such as Copenhagen’s municipal library, State Library of Victoria, Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, Georgia institute of technology library, North carolina state university library. This study analyzed separately to service design requirements, stake-holders, period, process, tools, result and main feature. The implications obtained through this case study are as follows: ① The design of the library service are focused on user-centered services, future service creation. ② The service design for library is designed by the collaboration of all stake-holder. ③ From the point of view of period, the service design is continuous, and it has a nature of the project. ④ The service design in library focus on user experience, processes and prototypes development and application. ⑤ The service design in library are applied to the new tool such as blue print, customer journey map, touch-point, shadow, persona. ⑥ The purpose of the service design in library is improved and created services, and is has holistic approach
  • 5.

    An Analysis on the Needs Assessment of School Library Facilities in Korea

    Sung-Jun Kim | 2016, 50(3) | pp.93~112 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is an analysis on the needs assessment of school library facilities in Korea. After exploring KLA’s Standards for Korean Libraries, IFLA’s School Library Guidelines and AASL’s Empowering Learners, the needs assessment tool of school library facilities was proposed in the previous study. The tool contains 10 major properties on school library facilities. This study gathered data from 507 students and 134 teacher librarians. The result of analysis is as follows: Students and teacher librarians evaluated the importance of library facilities more highly than the current level of facilities. Collection access, convenience and space are revealed more important properties to students and good environment, expandability, collection access are more important to teacher librarians among the properties.
  • 6.

    Study about Library and Information Center’s Image of Library and Information Science Students as Workplace

    CHO JANE | Ji-Won Lee | 2016, 50(3) | pp.113~132 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Positioning technique which has been widely used for making marketing strategy by analyzing customer’s image also has been used for public and test-taker’s image analysis about public facilities, entrepreneurs, universities. This study analyze image of library and Information science students who trying to find a job in library fields about diverse types of library and information centers by Positioning technique. As a result of Similarity cognition analysis by multidimensional Scaling and K-means clustering, it was found that students recognize that public, national, university, school library are similar, on the other hand, portal company and special library are different from those types. In the jobs, user service jobs and technical service jobs are recognized as separated clusters, and cultural program job is also recognized dissimilarly from those clusters. By the way, images about work satisfaction and stability of employment shows high in national library; high wage shows high in portal company; employee’s growth potential shows high in special library; job importance shows high in reference service jobs; difficulty shows high in content’s job. Anyway, in the workplace selection, almost students regard stability of employment as top priorities, accordingly they prefers public library at most. Such a preference concentration tendency is strongly appeared in local university students than in metropolitan area students as a result of Pearson’s chi-square test.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Factors Affecting the Satisfaction of Collaborative Digital Reference Service Users

    Myun Hwang | Dong Youl Jeong | 2016, 50(3) | pp.133~153 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The objective of this study was to promote the use of collaborative digital reference service by identifying factors that affect user satisfaction and developing improvement measures based on the findings. Data were collected via a questionnaire administered to the users of the “Ask a Librarian” service and a survey to analyze the frequency and patterns of usage of the service. The survey analyzed the associations among subjects’ demographic characteristics, information seeking patterns, factors that influence user recognition, service satisfaction, and follow-up intentions via responses to the questionnaire. Rapidity answers in factors of service satisfaction is found that the high impact of positive (+). According to the result of statistical analysis, the priority of service improvement strategies of digital reference service were suggested.
  • 8.

    A Study on Use Behavior and Demand Forecasting of Legislative Information Service for the Member of the National Assembly

    Jeong-Kwon Cho | Bae, Kyung Jae | 2016, 50(3) | pp.155~169 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to find a policy and to predict the needs of legislative information service of the 20th National Assembly. For this purpose, It is critical to understand the use behavior of legislative information service according to the attribute for the member of the 19th National Assembly. Thus, this study examined the results of reference service of National Assembly Library of Korea using the politics attribute and the relation attribute as independent variables for the member of the National Assembly in the First Half of the 19th National Assembly. Consequently, there were meaningful differences in the use of legislative information service between users by party affiliation, method of an election and introversion. Also, the increased demand of legislative information service was predicted in that the 20th National Assembly is the status of the opposition majority and the three major parties.
  • 9.

    Considering Core Ideas of ACRL Information Literacy ‘Framework(2015)’

    Jae-Hwang Choi | 2016, 50(3) | pp.171~191 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the ‘Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education’ filed by the ACRL(Association of College and Research Libraries) Board on February 2, 2015 and adopted on January 11, 2016. Six concepts central to information literacy in Framework and four main theories or models (i.e., threshold concepts, metaliteracy, Backward Design, and Liminal Space) underpinning the Framework were analyzed. The Framework provides conceptual or descriptive approach. In addition, the Framework is not designed to be implemented in a single information literacy session in a student’s academic career. Instead, it is intended to be systematically integrated into the student’s academic program at variety of levels. This study recommends curricular development and assessment methods supporting Framework as a further study.
  • 10.

    Analysis of Indicators for Information-Poor shown in Library Statistics

    Hong Ryul Kim | 2016, 50(3) | pp.193~214 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this study was to investigate and analyze the changes in inputs and outputs for information-poor in public libraries to eliminate the digital divide. The survey and analysis was utilized indicators for the information-poor shown in library statistics. And through the analysis of statistical indicators, it examined the changing patterns of the elements that each library are inputted to eliminating the digital divide. As a result, it revealed problems such as regression of facilities for the aged and disabled, continuous decrease in the number of special materials for disabled person, and reduction of service users and budget for information-poor. In order to solve this problem and to achieve the desired performance for eliminating the digital divide. it’s required the budget increase and strong policies for information-poor.
  • 11.

    A Study on Improvement of NCS Duty Components in ‘Library and Information Management’ by Evaluation of the Importance and Utilization

    Sung-Jong Cha | 2016, 50(3) | pp.215~247 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study was performed in order to derive components that librarians think preferentially necessary and realistically important when applying the NCS ‘Library and Information Administration’s duty’ to the library working environments. It was possible by evaluating and analyzing the importance and utilization of ability unit and its element which are the components of NCS ‘Library and Information Administration’s duty’. First, ability units of ‘User Information Services’, ‘Reading and Culture Programs’ were higher in importance and utilization at the same time. Ability units of ‘Library and Information Practical Research Perform’, ‘Library and Information Curation’, ‘Library and Information System Operation’ were lower in importance and utilization when we evaluate the importance and utilization of ability unit and its element which are the components of NCS ‘Library and Information Administration’s duty’. Second, components of ‘Reading and Culture Programs’, ‘User Information Service’, ‘Library and Information Collection’ were higher in the order, and components of ‘Library and Information Curation’, ‘Library and Information System Operation’, ‘Library and Information Practical Research Perform’ were found lower in demands as the desirable level and the current level appear less common when we analyzed the demands on the duty components utilizing Borich requirements analysis model. Third, six ability units of ‘Reading and Culture Programs’, ‘User Information Services’, ‘Library and Information Collection’, ‘Library and Information Services Marketing’, ‘Library and Information Preservation’, ‘Library and Information Use Analysis’ were derived as priority components when we analyzed the priority of the duty component (ability unit) utilizing The Locus for Focus model.
  • 12.

    A Study of Cutter’s Expansive Classification

    Chul Wan Kwak | 2016, 50(3) | pp.249~265 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The objective of this study is to analyze the characteristics of Cutter's Expansive Classification. The four elements about classification evaluation were applied to analyze it. Results show that first, from philosophy and religion class to literature class, the order of main classes is logical and evolutionary. Second, the notation is a pure notation including author mark. Third, the classification is expansive from first classification to seventh classification. Science classes were expanded in the second classification comparing to the first classification. From the third classification, all classes were expanded. Fourth, it was applied by the local list to indicate places emphasizing connection of geographical space.
  • 13.

    Analyzing User’s Perceptions on Quality Elements and Attributes of University Library Services and Their Relative Importance

    Mi Ryung Kim | 2016, 50(3) | pp.267~292 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to understand the quality of University library service and to propose analyzing method from user’s perspective. For that, this study noted that ‘the process’ of using the university library service rather than ‘what did they use’ in the university library. In-depth interview data about User’s experiences that they used university library drew service quality elements based on the method of grounded theory. Comparing the derived service quality elements with LibQual+ dimensions, the result of this study is as follows. (1) Service quality element related to the user’s emotion and new user-friendly service customization were shown. (2) Substantial claims of users were analyzed more specifically by this study. It seeks ways to differentiate service quality factors by attributes and priority importance about service quality elements which was analyzed using KANO and AHP.
  • 14.

    A Study on Library Engagement and Models for Support of MOOC

    Taeik Son | 2016, 50(3) | pp.293~308 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Many universities are offering some of their offline courses for anyone to learn free online as an MOOC format. University libraries In response to changing university conditions, foreign university libraries are struggling to redefine their roles and provide new services. This study aimed to find the trends and models to support MOOCs in foreign libraries and Library and information science domain by conducting a systematic review of studies on foreign library and information journals which have been published from 2012 to 2015. A total of 34 out of 348 studies were included in the final analysis. This study also aimed to present the limits and the future models of MOOC support direction. The relevant articles could be identified, two criteria: 24 MOOCs studies relating to Libraries and 10 MOOCs studies related to LIS. The selected articles were summarized and analyzed yearly. The study identifies elements of library MOOC support models in 5 areas including MOOC design (copyright clearance and consulting, content licensing, open content), production support (course production, video editing, librarian MOOC production), management support (instructional design and content creation, students support), evaluation (MOOC data collection, analysis), reuse (MOOC metadata management, archive structure). Based on these findings, this study suggested the models of library MOOC support and set the theoretical fundamentals.
  • 15.

    A Quantitative Analysis of Scholarly Monograph Publishing by University Presses in Korea

    Wonsik Shim | Seulki Do | Sun Ae Lee | 2016, 50(3) | pp.309~327 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Scholarly monographs have been a main vehicle for knowledge representation and transfer as well as an important research outcome. University presses have long been considered as the last bastion for scholarly monographs that have low commercial prospect. Until now there has not been a systematic data analysis regarding scholarly monograph production by university presses in Korea. In this paper, we collected bibliographic records of university presses’ monograph publications between 1950 and 2015 using the National Library of Korea’s online catalog system. A total of 21,015 records were used in the analysis. In particular, for monographs published between 2001 and 2015, we categorized them into scholarly monographs and non-scholarly monographs. University presses’ publishing showed sharp increase during the 1990’s but is in decline after its peak in 2005. University presses seem to have engaged in publishing more non-scholarly monographs than scholarly monographs by a ratio of 6:4. Large university presses in size seem to produce higher proportions of scholarly monographs than smaller presses. In terms of authoring types, single authorship accounts for the highest proportion and on the increase. However, edited books are losing ground as translated books seem to hold steady. Monographs in social sciences have been published more frequently than any other subject areas as there seem to be significant discrepancies among subject areas in terms of the scholarly monograph proportion.
  • 16.

    A Study on the Development of Metadata Schema for Intangible Cultural Heritage Based on Multiple Entity Model

    Hui-Jeong Han | KIM TAE YOUNG | Yong Kim | 2016, 50(3) | pp.329~359 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study has developed standard metadata for intangible cultural heritages based on multiple entity model. By analyzing “Preservation and Promotion of Intangible Cultural Heritage Act”, which was newly legislated in 2016, intangible cultural heritages archiving books, archival information resources and guidelines of organizations which conducted resources investigations, the transmission status of intangible cultural heritages, and the current status of intangible cultural heritage digital archiving and information services of related organizations, we obtained information lists required for intangible cultural heritages and took them into account in the process of selecting elements for intangible cultural heritage metadata. In addition, developing the intangible cultural heritage metadata based on the multiple entity model made it possible to provide comprehensive information by organically linking numerous sorts of information―with intangible cultural heritage information, which is the most essential, in the center, information on agents related to intangible cultural heritages, archival information resources information that they produce, and record management task information required to manage these archival information resources. By maintaining various relations of intangible cultural heritages and keeping the information up-to-date, the developed metadata is expected to provide rich contextual information on intangible cultural heritages in addition to the efficient management of information; and ultimately, make contribution to sustainably developing the value of intangible cultural heritages.
  • 17.

    Understanding Topical Relevance of Multimedia based on EEG Techniques

    Hyun Hee Kim | Yong-Ho Kim | 2016, 50(3) | pp.361~381 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study proposed two topical relevance models, simple and complex models, using EEG/ERP techniques. In the simple model regarding simple search tasks, N300 and P3b components are used. The N300 is specific to the semantic processing of pictures and the P3b reflects mechanisms involved in the decision about whether an external stimulus matches or does not match an internal representation of a specific category. In the complex model regarding complex search tasks, on the other hand, N400 and P600 components are used. The N400 reflects activation of an amodel system that integrates both image-based and conceptual representations into a context, whereas the P600 is related to complex cognitive processes. Our research results can be used as a source to design an EEG-based interactive multimedia system.
  • 18.

    A Study on the Library Marketing Research Trends through Keyword Network Analysis: Comparative Analysis of Korea and Other Countries

    Seongsin Lee | 2016, 50(3) | pp.383~402 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to study library marketing research trends in Korea and other countries through the analysis of author keyword network of peer-reviewed journal articles. The author keyword was collected from four major LIS journals in Korea and Scopus academic database for other countries’. The data was analyzed using NetMiner4 software. The results of the study were as follows: 1) In Korea, lots of library marketing studies focused on public libraries. However, there was a range of library marketing researches focused on academic libraries in other countries, 2) In Korea, there was not a variety of subjects of library marketing studies and the studies were mainly led by a few scholars, 3) In other countries, many scholars paid attention to digital library marketing through social media and/or web, and 4) there little library marketing studies focused on school libraries both in Korea and other countries.
  • 19.

    A Study on the Introduction of RDA in LIS Cataloging Curriculum

    ji-won baek | 2016, 50(3) | pp.403~428 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The aims of this study are to investigate the influence of the newly developed cataloging rule, RDA on the LIS cataloging education and to propose Korean LIS cataloging curriculum in a time of RDA. This study specially intended to examine the coexistence of the AACR and RDA and its implications on the LIS cataloging curricula design in the limited time of the course of study. For this purpose, this study examined the rapidly changing cataloging circumstances and how it affects on the cataloging education in LIS. This study also explored the students’ as well as instructors’ opinion and demand on cataloging education specially regarding RDA. As a result, this paper designed a cataloging education model including RDA curriculum and it also suggested cataloging syllabus based on the education model.
  • 20.

    A Study on Core Collection through Circulation Statistics of Books in an Academic Library

    Ji-Ann Yang | Young Joon Nam | 2016, 50(3) | pp.429~453 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes circulation patterns of books with checkout transaction count by 11 subject areas, 5 positions, and 5 divisions with a Use Factor developed by Bonn in an Academic Library. 20% of the loan books occupies more than half of circulation and these are regarded as core collection. It proposes a ‘Loan books 20/50 rule’ that 20% core collection accounts for 50% of its circulation. It analyzes the proportion of core collection from the aspect of each subject area with a use factor, monthly change trend and loan period. It also defines ‘book usage’ considering checkout frequency of each title and loan period. Circulation patterns of core collection are compared and analyzed in terms of both checkout frequency and book usage. Core collection occupies about more than half of both total checkout transactions and total book usages and they all show a Power Law distribution.
  • 21.

    A Study of Young Adults’ Information Behavior and Media Use: Focusing on the Children of Families with Immigration Background

    Yeojoo Lim | 2016, 50(3) | pp.455~490 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigated the information behavior and media use of Korean young adults with immigration background, focusing on the influence of their social and cultural context. 11 young adults between 13 and 18 with immigration background participated in the study. The participants provided data via daily logs about information needs, written surveys about media use, and two times of in-depth interviews. The data gathered from these diverse methods were used in analyzing the participants’ daily problem situations and attempts to satisfy information needs using media. The information needs of young adults with immigration background in their everyday lives included study, leisure, appearance, self-development, living, and career searching - study and leisure were the most needed information subjects. The young adults who participated in this study were actively using media to solve their information needs. For them, media was an emotional support, a tool to express their own identities, a solution that gives all the answers, and a good companion to spend time with. The proposed strategies about young adults’ media use in this study could be used in planning library services for children of families with immigration background.
  • 22.

    Library Consortia Characteristics Comparative Analysis around the World

    Jay-Hoon Kim | Eung-Bong Lee | 2016, 50(3) | pp.491~511 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze characteristics of library consortia around the world. This study was done by interviewing 5 library consortia experts from 4 developed countries. Findings are each consortium has unique characteristics in purposes, organizations, funding sources, functions and also perception of consortium by experts were different. Experts recognized the value of library consortia as an economy of scale (mainly buying power) and pointed out open access as one of the alternatives for electronic information price increase. This study could improve understanding current status of library consortia around the world.
  • 23.

    A Study on Improving Methods of Legal Deposit and Compensation of Books in Korea

    Na-Young Kim | Oh, Il Seok(Luke) | 2016, 50(3) | pp.513~532 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Legal deposit is a system that a person who publishes in the country a work shall deposit a certain copies of publications in designated libraries or institutions in order to preserve and transfer national knowledge and culture heritage. Under 「Libraries Act」 and 「National Assembly Library Act」, depositors shall present books to the Library and the Library shall properly compensate him/her for such copies presented. This study focuses on presentation and proper compensation of books. This study has reviewed laws and regulations about them in major countries and our country, and analyzed the current status and some problems of our country. This study has analyzed the constitutionality of legal deposit, the refusal of copies presented, and the meaning of proper compensation through analyzing cases on legal deposit. Based on these analyses, it has proposed the modification of regulations on presentation and proper compensation of books, the establishment of specific rules on proper compensation, and the penalties on unfair presentation.
  • 24.

    A Study on University Library Evaluation

    GIYEONG KIM | Junsup Kim | Eung-Bong Lee and 3other persons | 2016, 50(3) | pp.533~563 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this study is to develop a plan for university library evaluation with factors and their systems, and an evaluation process, based on the Korean University Library Promotion Act. This study adopts a consensus based method including open-ended interviews with various stakeholders around university libraries, a questionnaire survey, a public hearing, and numerous discussions with the stakeholders. Balanced Scorecard is adopted as a basic framework for the development of evaluation system, provides a balanced perspective on the whole aspects in the university library management, including factors and performances in the management, The proposed plan in this study is expected to help to examine whether the resources are used for reaching the goals in the libraries, and to contribute the growth of the university libraries.