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2018, Vol.52, No.1

  • 1.

    A Study on the Improvement of Evaluation Indicators for Small Library Operations

    Bo-il Kim | 2018, 52(1) | pp.5~34 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The small library evaluation index, which was previously developed and is currently in use, needs to be improved because of two major reasons: inefficient allocation of points along with evaluation items and detailed indicators that are different from the actual environment of small libraries; and the lack of value as basic data for preparing policies relevant to small libraries. Therefore, the present study proposed a small library operation evaluation index (draft) that includes not only a quantitative evaluation but also a qualitative evaluation that allows the evaluation of the basic purpose and value of small libraries by reflecting the demands of the small libraries that are being evaluated. The proposed small library operation evaluation index (draft) was made to be an evaluation for self-inspection that enables small libraries to autonomously conduct operation evaluation and gauge their level by diversifying the evaluation methods and the evaluation scale of detailed indicators.
  • 2.

    An Analysis of Korean Picture Books Focused on the Current Status of Children’s Book Export

    민경록 | 2018, 52(1) | pp.35~63 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Korean picture books have been recognized for their value as cultural products in the international publication markets. As results of analysis of publishing situation of Korea picture books that have been introduced in the inside and outside of the country, knowledge information picture books for education are mainly exported to China, and picture books of traditional culture and books about Korean emotions to Japan and France. Specially in France, fantasy picture books in various genres and themes, and picture books with various attempts expanded the boundary to children’s literature have been introduced. Based on this situation, Korean Libraries can discuss and present their roles and extensional plans of picture books as reading contents and also fine cultural contents in other country.
  • 3.

    A Comparative Analysis of Cataloging Records Related to Korea in the National Libraries of the Major Developing Countries: Focused on 10 Asian and African Countries

    KimJeonghyen | 2018, 52(1) | pp.65~86 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study was conducted to analyze the characteristics of records related to Korea shown in the cataloging records of national libraries of the main 10 developing countries in Asia and Africa. The results are as follows. To begin with, Korea-related records in most national libraries are very poor and under 0.1% of the library. Except for National Library of Viet Nam, the figure is under 3,000 volumes and generally 2 times less than Japan related records. Second, except for National Library of Iran and Viet Nam most national libraries romanize Korean materials, there are not marked with the original Korean language and unfeasible Hangeul search. Third, on investigation of the subject distribution in sub criteria of Korea-related records, subject related to history and economy is largely shown in the highest rate. Fifth, among the Korea-related subject heading, Taekwondo is marked with distinction from Karate in most libraries except for 7 national libraries. Dokdo is marked with the geographical name of ‘Korea’ in 7 national libraries and East Sea (Donghae) already is marked with ‘Japan, Sea of ’ in 7 national libraries. Amnokgang, Dumangang, and Baekdusan-related records did not search at all in most national libraries.
  • 4.

    An Evaluation of Web Accessibility Related to Tripitaka Koreana Websites

    Heesop Kim | 서지웅 | Lee Jee Min | 2018, 52(1) | pp.87~112 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The objective of this research is to measure the quality of web accessibility of Tripitaka Koreana websites. To achieve this research aim, three typical websites were selected, and conducted both the system-based evaluation and the user-based evaluation using the six common indicators. It found that no website satisfied with the 95% accessibility level in all six indicators, and users were more likely to respond positively to the high level of web accessibility results from the system-based evaluation (i.e., providing alternate texts, providing titles, displaying the basic languages, performing user requests, and providing labels). We suggested some ideas to increase the web accessibility based on the results of analysis.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Formation Process and Sustainability of Community of Practice in Public Libraries

    Park Seong Woo | 2018, 52(1) | pp.113~131 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The study is to prove the necessity of librarian as the coordinator for the building and sustenance of “Community of Practice” in public libraries. Therefore, The study reviews literatures and conducts a survey how librarians think of their work from the perspective of CoP. The results of this study are as follows: “Community of Practice(CoP)” is the kind of community composed of “Domain”, “Community” and “Practice” for knowledge circulation; The coordinator neither leader in CoP nor manager outside of CoP is necessary to sustain CoP by supporting management of CoP and promoting knowledge sharing; The programs and clubs designed by public librarians are potential CoPs; The potential CoPs turn into the sustainable CoPs when the participants of programs turn into the directors of programs; It means the coordinator of CoP is librarian in case of public libraries.
  • 6.

    Educational Effect of American School Libraries: An Analytical Literature Review

    Juhyeon Park | 2018, 52(1) | pp.133~157 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze and compare the literature on the effects of school libraries in US and use it as a base material for the study on effects of local school libraries. For this study, 37 documents were selected and these documents were analyzed based on the research contents and research results. And School library variables were extracted and synthesized. As a result of the study, The documents analyzed the effect of school library on various objects by various variables and analyzed teacher-librarians as the most important school library variable. And the documents indicated the teacher-librarian’s role as information literacy education, reading education and collaboration with teachers for teaching. In Korea, it is necessary to study the effect of school library on students with disabilities, multicultural families and economically weak and to link school library standards with school library effect studies.
  • 7.

    An Analysis of Books Selected in 10 Years of ‘The Big Read’ Reading Initiative

    Yoon, Cheong Ok | 2018, 52(1) | pp.159~178 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to understand the characteristics of books selected for ‘The Big Read’ community reading initiative of the National Endowment for the Arts from 2006 to 2017 and its relation with ‘One Book, One City’ community reading campaign in the U.S.A. An analysis of 1,407 TBR programs and 745 participating communities, and 56 books from TBR Library shows that TBR expands and complements ‘One Book’ reading campaigns, and confirms the sustenance of this innovative model. TBR Libray books were selected with TBR’s own criteria, but their features are generally very similar to those of 1,102 books selected for ‘One Book’ programs. They often reflect some interests in such universal values as coming of age, justice, integrity, etc. and diverse cultural experiences and life. The outcomes of ‘One Book’ and TBR cannot be qualitatively measured, but their sustainable value of communication through one selected book has been well proved.
  • 8.

    A Preliminary Research Study for Empirical Analysis on the Validity of Public Lending Right: Focus on the Comparison between Popular Borrowing Books and Best Sellers

    Hosin, Lee | 2018, 52(1) | pp.179~202 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The public lending right is a system in which government provide compensation to authors on the premise that the sale of books is reduced due to the book borrowing of the library. Recently, the claim that the public lending right should be introduced in Korea has been continuously raised by the authors. This study was conducted as part of the basic work to demonstrate whether the claims of public lending right are based on reasonable premises. The library’s popular lending books and bookstore bestseller books were compared to analyze the similarities and differences. Through this process, we derive necessary factors to prove the validity of the introduction of the public lending right and suggest follow - up study. In addition, we recalled the social meaning of book lending in libraries.
  • 9.

    A Study on the Librarians’ Perception about the Future of Libraries in the era of the 4th Industrial Revolution

    Park, Tae-yeon | Ju-Yeon Gang | Yong Kim and 2other persons | 2018, 52(1) | pp.203~229 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined current status and futurity of libraries based on the survey of librarians awareness in the era of the 4th Industrial Revolution and sought to find effective response strategies for future changes. For this purpose, this study reviewed research issues against the 4th Industrial Revolution based on preceding researches in our library area and other fields. The awareness survey was conducted of librarians of several types including national libraries and public libraries. The results are as follows: First, librarians were interested in the 4th Industrial Revolution, but they thought that new technologies are poorly adopted in their libraries. Second, librarians were most frequently using Desktop PCs, mobile phones, RFID tags, and QR codes for library services. Third, librarians were required intelligent-information services because of their effectiveness, but their libraries did not provide them for users. Fourth, librarians expected that the 4th Industrial Revolution brings positive influences to libraries’ future. On the other hands, they also concerned about their job losses. Fifth, librarians agreed with necessity of new technologies of the 4th Industrial Revolution and they especially wanted educations and training related with technologies. Also, technical supports for online services and simply repeated works are required.
  • 10.

    Factors Changing Dynamic Research Collaboration Network in Korean Nanobiotechnology

    이혜진 | Lee Choon-Shil | 2018, 52(1) | pp.231~258 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study attempted to identify dynamically changing structure and analyze factors of collaboration. In order to perform this study, 1,631 articles in SCI journals were collected, and 3,898 researchers’ information were extracted. To examine the dynamics of collaboration networks, the co-authorship data collected from 2001 to 2015 were divided into three sets, and were analyzed with respect to each period. The results of this study were summed up as: 1) “Co-authorship of the last year” was entirely significant factors while research career was significant only in the period of 2 to 3. 2) It was found that “Influence of the researchers” and “Emergence of the researchers” were significant factors in the period of 2 to 3 and in the period of 1 to 2. 3) “Same institutions”, “Same subject”, and “Journal similarity” were significant factors in all periods.
  • 11.

    A Study on Users’ Perception towards the Utility of Publication Formats between Printed Books and Electronic Books of Korean Classics Collations and Translations

    Young Man Ko | Wonsik Shim | Minsun Song and 1other persons | 2018, 52(1) | pp.259~283 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This research aims at understanding the differences between expert and general users’ perceptions regarding publication preferences for Korean classics collations and translations in order to formulate future directions for these materials. For this purpose, an overview of changes in publishing in general as well as current status of collation/translation of Korean classics in particular are being identified. An online questionnaire was carried out in order to collect data regarding perceptions and preferences of expert users and general users of Korean classics. The results are based on the analyses of more than 1,000 responses. The analyses show that electronic books will not completely replace printed books and publishing both electronic and printed books in tandem for the time being is most preferable in order to satisfy varying user needs. Statistical analysis shows differences in terms of use value, value from possession, and readability of electronic and printed books in the two groups of users. However, as for the value of preservation by relevant institutions, there was a statistical difference between two groups towards printed books unlike their electronic equivalents. The research shows strong preference towards printed forms of classics collations and translations for the purpose of scholarly research and translation. Actual usage statistics reveal much heavy use of online database of classics translations compared to the use of available electronic books. For future publishing decisions for classics collations and translations will need to take into consideration of their special characteristics and symbolic nature. Proper representation of these materials into electronic format would require a standardized platform that enable various uses in different environments.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Changes of Libraries and Directions of Librarian Education in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution

    Ok Nam Park | 2018, 52(1) | pp.285~311 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The study acknowledges the role of education in the period of fourth industrial revolution and urges active change of education. The library in fourth industrial revolution needs to think about the application of innovative technologies to library services, and to combine and cope with technology, human, and library. The starting point of this discussion should be education. The study purports to present the direction of librarian education in the context of fourth industrial revolution. The study analyzed the essence of fourth industrial revolution, the changes of libraries, educational implications of the fourth industrial revolution, and problems of librarian education. As a result, the study presented the direction of librarian education in the context of librarians’ competences, content and methodological innovation.
  • 13.

    Measuring Library User Satisfaction using the Public Consumer Satisfaction Index (PCSI)

    Nahyun Kwon | Soon Hee Pyo | Lee Jung Yeoun | 2018, 52(1) | pp.313~340 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to design a PCSI model that can be applicable to measurement of library user satisfactions, which can be used in evaluating organizational performance. The National Assembly Library (NAL) was selected as a case to design a PCSI-based model and to test the model by conducting a self-administered survey of 341 internal and external library users. The model was validated to have a satisfactory model fit. Fitting the model, the study confirms that the service qualities of the NAL affect user satisfactions, which in turn affects organizational performances. The PCSI score of the library was 80.4, which can be used as a useful index that can compare the library’s performance with other organizations in the similar public domain. Major contributions of this study are two-fold: the PCSI-based model proposed in this study provides a theoretical basis that assesses organizational performance of libraries via user satisfaction; and libraries can utilize the model as a management tool to assess the organizational performance from the user perspective.
  • 14.

    An Investigation on Intellectual Structure of Social Sciences Research by Analysing the Publications of ICPSR Data Reuse

    Eunkyung Chung | 2018, 52(1) | pp.341~357 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Due to the paradigm of open science and advanced digital information technology, data sharing and re-use have been actively conducted and considered data-intensive in a wide variety of disciplines. This study aims to investigate the intellectual structure portrayed by the research products re-using the data sets from ICPSR. For the purpose of this study, a total of 570 research products published in 2017 from the ICPSR site were collected and analyzed in two folds. First, the authors and publications of those research products were analyzed in order to show the trends of research using ICPSR data. Authors tend to be affiliated with university or research institute in the United States. The subject areas of journals are recognized into Social Sciences, Health, and Psychology. In addition, a network with clustering analysis was conducted with using co-word occurrence from the titles of the research products. The results show that there are 12 clusters, mental health, tabocco effect, disorder in school, childhood, and adolescence, sexual risk, child injuries, physical activity, violent behavior, survey, family role, women, problem behavior, gender differences in research areas. The structure portrayed by ICPSR data re-uses demonstrates that substantial number of studies in Medicine have been conducted with a perspective of social sciences.
  • 15.

    A Study on Digital Literacy Education for Adults in US Public Libraries

    Jung Young mi | 2018, 52(1) | pp.359~380 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    In the digital society where ICT technology is highly developed, digital literacy is an essential competence for working and living. Developed countries around the world have been working hard to solve the digital divide and improve digital literacy. In this paper, we investigated and analyzed the case of US public libraries for improvement of digital literacy of adults including the older people. To do this, we analyzed the educational program type of digital literacy, education method, and the contents of the program, focusing on the best practices libraries of the program. Many of the educational programs still related to basic computer and Internet technologies, and training programs on Micro Office, e-mail, social media, and smartphone and tablet computing were also high. The most frequent and daily training method was informal point of use, and the content and level of education appeared to be very diverse. For digital literacy training, the librarians of the public library considered librarians’ digital competence and retraining to be the most important, and the library facility and the latest equipment to be suitable for the operation of the digital literacy education program.
  • 16.

    A Study on Online Subject Guides in Academic Libraries

    Chul Wan Kwak | 2018, 52(1) | pp.381~400 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the currently operating subject guides in academic libraries and to suggest measures for improvements of them. To do this, 22 out of 151 academic libraries which have more than 1,000 enrolled college students in the university and two institutes of science and technology were selected and the libraries were analyzed according to 12 criteria. The main results of the data analysis were as follows: First, the subject guides did not clearly indicate which service tool to use. Second, there was a difference in the subject guide format in the same academic library. Third, libraries tried to provide a lot of information sources on the subject guides without considering users’ needs. By offering many kinds of information sources, students had to choose the information sources they needed. Improvement plans are: First, it is necessary to develop the subject guide of the college courses. Second, Content-based subject guides are necessary through standardized format. Third, it is necessary to unify the name of menu of information resource. Fourth, the number of information sources included in the subject guides should be minimized. Fifth, it is necessary to establish a cooperation system between academic libraries to develop the subject guides.
  • 17.

    A Study for Identifying Affecting Factors on the Intention of Public Library Use: Based on Ajzen’s Extended Theory of Planned Behavior

    연지은 | GIYEONG KIM | 2018, 52(1) | pp.401~423 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to analyze the intention of public library use of citizens by applying Ajzen’s extended theory of planned behavior (ETPB). A questionnaire survey was conducted to identify the relationship between personal characteristics, factors from ETPB, such as attitude, subject norm, and perceived behavioral control, and the intention of public library use, Library knowledge was also added as an additional independent factor in this study. The results showed that attitude and library knowledge were more important factors than others. Subject norm and perceived behavioral control had also positive effects on the intention, Additionally, some personal characteristics, such as age, educational background, and household income, and public library use experience made significant differences in the intention. Based on the results, this study made some suggestions for expanding the scope of public library users.
  • 18.

    Aligning Academic Library Makerspaces with Digital Literacy Education Spaces

    Yunkeum Chang | 2018, 52(1) | pp.425~446 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    As makerspaces continue to be introduced in academic libraries in Korea, this study explores potential operating strategies of, and long-term justifications for, makerspaces as digital literacy eduational spaces and services at academic libraries. By examining related literature reviews and case studies of makerspaces, this study analyzes various programs and their respective creation, funding, development, and outcomes, including educational value and library-specific goals such as digital literacy and lifelong learning. This study also considers the perspectives of librarians at academic libraries in Korea who were asked about the purpose, impact, and limitations of makerspaces. Certain common themes appear: for example, it is necessary for makerspaces to resolve challenges related to stable funding, as well as staffing and training of professional librarians assisting with the on-the-ground operation of makerspaces. This study proposes that designing makerspaces for an academic library setting goes deeper than providing a collaborative environment with access to new technologies like 3D printers and laser cutters, and it may be uniquely appropriate to draw connections to libraries’ objectives to provide digital literacy education and universities’ mission to foster innovation and creativity among students.
  • 19.

    Improving the Biography Archive Service of Wikipedia

    Sanghee Choi | 2018, 52(1) | pp.447~467 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Biographical information about people is usually collected and provided by a company or an institute which has a specific standard to select people for service. Recently, user oriented contents service like Wikipedia has started biographical information service, Wikipedia Biography Portal, in which users select people and freely describe about them. This study collected 500 biographical data from three categories of Wikipedia biography portal such as criminals, faculty, and directors. The contents of data from each category were analyzed with the word frequency and the divergence indicator to identify the characteristics of each category. As a result, divergency indicator is effective to represent the differential factors of each category. This study provides word clouds of top 100 word with divergence indicator and top 100 common words of three categories with word frequency as a guide for users to write about a person in these categories and for editors to accept and monitor the biography from users.
  • 20.

    Data-driven Research on the Status and Contribution Index of Public Library Interlibrary Loan in Korea

    Sungjae Park | 2018, 52(1) | pp.469~490 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the status of interlibrary loan (ILL) services using data from its transection. While analyzing the ILL data, agenda to improve the quality of services was identified, and suggestions were made to address them. Three data sets including National Inter-Libary Loan data, National Library Statistics System data, and local inter-library loan system analysis data were collected and analyzed. The results indicate that the size of transaction in ILL is getting bigger. The local ILL, particularly, was expanded and actively used by people. Additionally, the type of library participating in ILL networks was diverse and the number of library was increasing. Finally, this study discussed the tool to measure the contribution of each library in ILL. The collection uniqueness and collaboration index of library as well as the ILL statistics should be considered in the process of the tool development.