The purpose of this article is to discuss on the professionalism of librarianship in Korea. The discussion begins with exploring the conditions which are required for an occupation to be recognized as a profession. The theoretical foundations for discussion is borrowed from ‘Theory of Profession’ in Sociology. In turn, systematically verified are both public image and librarians’ self-confession on librarianship. The weakness and shortcomings of librarianship as a profession are also investigated. Finally suggested are both strategies and methods for the librarianship in Korea to be professionalized.