The purpose of this study is a basic research to formulate missions and visions in libraries. Results of this study are as follows. First of all, conceptions and characters of terms related to planning, strategic management, organizing culture dealt with missions and visions of an organization are surveyed. Second, the importance of formulating missions and visions in libraries are explained. Third, missions and visions of libraries in Korea and other countries are surveyed and analyzed. Fourth, several basic functions of library formed the foundation on formulating missions and visions in libraries are discussed. Fifth, this study is to provide the desirable direction and expectation of management centering around missions and visions of libraries in Korea.