This thesis concerns urban construction archive management business of China in the 20th century. 12 items of state-level construction archives, 11 categories of urban construction archives was initially studied. And studies on data collection method, obligations, and range of service, etc. of urban construction archives center were conducted as well. Urban construction archive management business was aggressively pursued in terms of national policy, based on the state plan to construct medium-sized and large cities and Mao ZeDong(毛澤東)’s direction regarding of urban construction archives. As a result, there happened to be various levels and types of 3,186 archive centers, as of 2003. And the archives centers of urban construction have been established in 662 cities all over China so far, while the establishment of the urban construction archives centers was pursued only in 42 cites in 1960s. Another point to note is that staff members of junior college or higher educational background account for 70 % - 80 % of overall human resources of the archives center of urban construction, while 60 - 70 % of them are technical level. This makes professional human resources represent at least 60 % of the total human resources of the centers. This is a result of effort of China to enhance urban construction archive management business on both quantitative and qualitative level. And through the study on the situation of urban construction archive management business in Beijing(北京), it was learned that urban construction archives are being collected and managed in archives centers of the respective areas as well as in professional archives centers of urban construction. Some suggestions were also made regarding what kind of direction Korea should take to pursue the business of urban construction archive management.