The purpose of this Study is on the Foundation of the Great Library of Alexandria. The foundation of the Great Library at Alexandria was a natural consequence of the enormous growth for book production and the book trade, in which Athens had taken the lead from the fifth century BC. onward. Alexandria Library(BC. 290∼AD. 642) is the first to house the collection of comprehensive knowledge on the world in human history. The library is the birthplace of mainstream of Greek civilization and played a pivotal role in academic world. The purpose of this research could be summarized as follows;The purpose of this research is 1) considering establishment, development and decline of Alexandria Library, 2) researching the historical foundation background of Museum and Library, 3) investigating effect on the cataloging history 4) reviewing the value of the Library’s stock of books. This Study employs historical research methods mainly through literature review and mutual comparative methods of many researcher’s studies.