This study investigates the influence of project-based learning method on the problem-solving ability and communication ability of students taking the ‘Reading Guide’ course in Library and Information Science(LIS). During this study, two tests measuring students’ problem-solving ability and communication ability were conducted, containing 30 items divided into 5 steps of problem-solving processes and 45 items divided into 15 categories of communication ability, respectively. By utilizing the correspondence sample T-test during this study, significant differences were found in the 5 steps problem-solving processes. However, no difference was found between the pre-test and the post-test results in all 15 categories of communication ability. Subsequently, an in-depth interview was conducted, inquiring into the students’ perspectives on the difficulty of attending classes, the content of lectures, the appropriateness of assignments, the validity of the evaluation method, the relationship with their team members, and the benefits acquired from completing the projects. Finally, an intensive analysis was conducted in the categories of problem-solving ability and communication ability.