The need for the development of practical manuals for responding to disasters in public libraries has emerged after COVID-19 was confirmed in Korea in January 2020. The library is a social organization directed affected by COVID-19. Therefore, a reasonable and consistent disaster response manual should be developed and used as a guideline for responding to disasters at the library sites. This study aims to derive implications by examining the current situation of public library manuals for both domestic and international. Furthermore, the responses of overseas libraries experiencing major disasters were analyzed and issued to reflect the current domestic situation. As a result of the study, it was suggested that the library’s role as a social organization for disaster response should be enhanced, and that disaster experience needs to be implemented, as guidelines, toolkits, and archive.