This study aims to analyze the current status of school library assessment and generate discussion points for the development directions of the assessment. Surveys, consulting, and evaluations related to school libraries conducted by the Office of Education, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism were analyzed using meta-evaluations and in-depth interviews with the school librarians. The analysis revealed problems such as duplication of evaluation by various institutions, no reflection of the national school library development plan, low participation rate due to voluntary nature of the assessment, and lack of the educational evaluation index. The solution to the problem was a school libraries’ operation evaluation improvement plan. The plan included the legal evaluation agent specification, the national school library development plan incorporation, inter-agency evaluation network & the case sharing system establishment, and the Office of Education’s investigation and consulting cooperation.