David had to undergo many incidents to become a king. He had equipped inwardly and outwardly for the rise during the crisis. This paper investigates the way of the wisdom David sought in that time.
Firstly, the literary characteristics and structure of Sam. 21-22 are examined, and then the text of Sam. 21:1-9 is analyzed. A new word-view, which David pursued, is also to be unveiled. David tried to get over the obstacles of kinship, regionalism, gender, race, and society which were inherited from the earlier times.
David is good at controlling his feelings with the help of his deep trust in God. He didn't express his uneasy feelings with Saul but sublimated it into inner side. Furthermore, breaking up with the ‘concept of the holiness of lineage’ in the ancient times which is ruled by pan-ritualism, he sought the ‘concept of the holiness of generality’. On the foundation of rationality, which means taking responsibility of one's actions, by positioning all his actions in front of God, he sought holiness and purity of generality.
David's holiness in his feeling toward God made him an autonomous person who acts freely but takes responsibility of the outcome. This also made David maintain immeasurable confidence in God. Transforming the pan-ritualism which was tied to the obstacles of kinship, regionalism, gender, race, and society, his confidence formed a rational and general justice. It created a new spirit of times, a foundation of the incoming great empire.