This article investigated the relationship between justice and the remnant, as well as the characteristics and the functions of these two concepts in the book of Micah. For this, I divided the book of Micah into three sections on the basis of the Hebrew terms, mishpaṭ and she'erit, and examined the language, structure, and syntax of each section, including these two terms.
First, the two terms, justice and remnant, are main ideas in the messages of each section in the book of Micah. While justice is a main idea of the judgment oracles, remnant is a main idea of the salvation oracles in the book of Micah.
Second, the concept of the absence of justice is gradually developed in the three sections. In the first section, Micah rebukes people of power who do not maintain justice. In the second section, he rebukes leaders, such as judges, priests, and prophets, who also fails to maintain justice, by using the language and expressions given in the first section. In the third section, Micah concludes the problem of the absence of justice with a rhetorical question, "What does the Lord require of you?" emphasizing doing justice, loving-kindness, and walking with God.
Third, the remnant idea is developed step by step in the three sections. In the first section, the Lord promises to the remnant that he will gather them in one place, and he will rule them. Here the remnant are identified with the scattered by those who are in power. In the second section, the remnant are described as the lame who are afflicted by the Lord. In the future, however, they would be the main subjects ruled by the Lord in Zion. In the third section, the remnant would be pardoned by the Lord who is love, although they have many iniquities and transgressions.
The results of this study should prove useful for a better understanding for those who read and study the book of Micah.