Judges 1:9-15 implies the process of the combination between the southern tribes and Judah. They show that God's promise for the land is fulfilled and continued, not just through the blood ties, but through their faith and positive acts to get the desired land in the early history of Israel.
In this paper, Judges 1:9-15 will be analysed critically verse by verse. Here, the parallel texts between Joshua and Judges are compared. Also, the traditional and socio-scientific approach to the characters, Caleb, Othniel, and Achsah, as Caleb's daughter and Othniel's wife, will be dealt with carefully, so that it will disclose how the southern tribes received the desired land and were brought together with Judah as a part of the promised people of God.
Judges 1:9-15 has obvious historical backgrounds, which should be treated with the traditional and socio-scientific perspectives. History is not a simple sum of past people and facts, but it reflects the situations at that time when the historians search the records. The accounts of the occupation of Judah including the text, Judges 1:9-15, implied some political and theological influence under the kingdom of David and were placed at the beginning of the book of Judges. The traditions of Caleb and Othniel were absorbed in the history of Judah. Achsah's marriage and asking her father for the desired land shows a role model of the faith to accomplish God's promise as an instructional function.
The narrative of Caleb, Othniel and Achsah is an example of Israel asking and receiving land, if they fulfil the covenant. Caleb's dauthter Achsah, who married Othniel, is especially a role model to show how God's promise for the land would actually be fulfilled. Achsah knows how to use her influence to realize her wishes, and she is amply rewarded: she and her husband receive land to plant seed and she is given not one well, but two. Her active and positive attitude resembled her father Caleb who was very faithful to get the promised land of God. Caleb and Achsah shows that the promise of God will be fulfilled and continued by the people who believe in it and positively act to realize it.