The purpose of this study is to reveal that holiness in Leviticus 19 is transformed as its variation into love in 10:12-11:1. The study of the structure, language, subject, and thought of the two texts shows that their intertextuality is multi-layered. The results are theologically interpreted on the premise of canonical unfolding.
In Leviticus 19, God’s holiness appears as His choice of Israel, the salvation of Israel through the Exodus, His protection and provision for the poor and the weak, and His righteousness, and Israel’s holiness must be accomplished through their worship of God and their practice of love and righteousness. God’s holiness commands Israel’s holiness. In Deuteronomy 10:12-11:1, God’s love for Israel is expressed by His choice of Israel and the salvation of Israel through the Exodus and their practice of righteousness and justice toward the weak, Israel’s love for God is to be expressed in their worship of God and their justice and righteousness toward the weak. God’s love for Israel requires Israel’s love for God.
Based on these findings, this study suggests that holiness is very similar to love in the Old Testament, and that holiness in Leviticus 19 is transformed as its variation into love in Deuteronomy 10:12:11. This variation is mainly due to the expansion of the concept of love when Leviticus 19 was developed into Deuteronomy 10:12:11. This study shows that the important theological concepts of the Old Testament are not fixed but change, and that, as the final text unfolds, they are transformed into the concepts that seem to be different.