The purpose of this study is to pursue the history of 2 Kings 23:13. This verse, in which Josiah defiles high places built for pagan gods by Solomon, has received attention for a long time by many scholars. Some regard this part as Deuteronomic redaction in Josiah’s period, others as DtrH in Babylonian exile. Some pursued the historicity of this verse reflecting the result of archaeological research on the Silwan cemetery.
Thus, this study searches for the historicity of this verse through lexical, archaeological, redactional critical research on 2 Kings 23:13. In particular, for this study, the writer makes a comparison this verse between 1 Kings 11, especially v5. v7, v33, which is related with Solomon’s worship of pagan gods and considers the validity of applying the consequences of archaeological excavation of Silwan cemetery.
Through this study, the writer reveals that the basic layer of this verse is the phrase that ‘the king defiled the high places that were before Jerusalem’($lmh amj ... ~lvwry ynp-l[ rva twmbh-taw), which is primary Deuteronomic redaction in Josiah’s period influenced by Deuteronomic code.
To this layer, the long phrase ‘which Solomon the king of Israel had built for Ashtoreth the detestation of the Zidonians, and for Chemosh the detestation of Moab, and for Milcom the abomination of the children of Ammon’(!wm[-ynb tb[wt ~klmlw bawm #qv vwmklw ~yndyc #qv trtv[l larfy-$lm hmlv hnb rva) was added. This was inserted by Deuteronomic redactor in Babylonian exile who regarded idol worship as the main reason of the fall of Judah and captive.
Finally, the phrase ‘which were on the right hand of the mount of corruption’(tyxvmh-rhl !ymym rva) was added. Here ‘the mount of corruption’ could be understood as ‘the mount of anointment’(hxvmh-rh), which reflects the image of ‘the mount of Olives’ where the Last Judgement happens in Zechariah 14:4. This phrase is a post-exilic Deuteronomic redaction in Persian period which warns the perishment of Judah if the idol worship continues.
Through this study, the writer reveals that 2 Kings 23:13 was continuously expanded from Deuteronomic reform report in Josiah’s period through Babylonian Deuteronomic introspection on monarchy to post-exilic Deuteronomic redaction to solve the problem of idol worship.