This article aims to retrospect on the past achievements of the study of Genesis, investigate its recent studies, and propose a future study direction. For 200 years, the Korean Society of Old Testament Studies has profoundly examined the process of composition of Genesis. The society has provisionally recognized the various sources in it. On the basis of these sources, different analysis techniques have been derived. Through literary, form, redaction criticism, the organization has found that the composite process of Genesis is very complicated. Against the excessive historical criticism has emerged a new trend that takes into account the reader's position. Moreover, the history of the interpretation of Genesis has reached a turning point. In particular, synchronic criticisms, which attach more importance to the relationship with the reader than the author, have been adopted. In recent studies, Genesis has been kept away from the center of concern, because the study of Pentateuch has been scholars' first concern. The themes of recent studies widely vary. In future studies of Genesis the sharp contrast between History and Revelation should be harmonized, and jewish interpretation also should be introduced for the plentiful interpretations of text.