A literary and theological Function of Lamentations
Recently, there has been a new tendency which binds punishment and salvation into one reasoning unit. Before this linkage is formed, there were diverse intermediate steps between the prophecy of punishment and the promise of salvation. On this research, while it would be inspected that there are diverse intermediate steps between punishment and salvation, it would also be pursued what their religious-historical functions and meanings are.
Therefore, the researcher regards the 5 lamentations as one in same literature and analyzes their diverse themes here. The themes such as crime, wounds of punishment, confession of sin and repentance, waiting, intervention of God and petition, and promise of salvation seem to be a consecutive process of punishment into salvation.
In the perspective of religious-history, the poet attributes the miserable situation to the punishment of God. The punishment simultaneously punished sin and forcibly disarm the presence. It is considered as a type of phenomenon of emptying oneself: abandoning a way of saving oneself and being eager to seek out the real way of the salvation of God.
These types of theological reflection and revolution actually formed a belief waiting a measure from God, a theology of waiting. Waiting signifies a burden of suffering and measure imposed by God. Therefore, if one expect the mercy and righteousness of God, It is good that one should wait quietly for the salvation of the Lord(Lam 3:26).
In the process of Israels self-reflection, they experienced God who punishes into God who is full of hope. It was finally developed into the dynamics of overcoming a tragical reality. This research is for carefully looking into the internal process of development: the rejection of God into the experience of God.