The system of national policy pursuits the efficiency and responsibility through political and administrative specialization of functuion. The content and direction of national policy might depend on the relation of politics and administration. The vertical ralation of command-obedience on the chain of command have changed into the horizental relation of guidance-addistance as on-going Administrative State and Wellfare State. The role of administrator is also viewed as vision-mension and policy-mension beyond administration-mension and management-mension. Therefore, in this context, it is thought that responsibility of administrator has to have political responsibility. But the representative democratic system gives exemption of responsibility to administrator differently politician. Politicians take over all responsibility including administrator's political responsibility. The problem of responsibility is various according to administrative culture.
In the case of Korea, our nation, prime minister and secretary have charged the responsibility of policy failure instead of President. But, in Japan's case, administrator developed various logics about accountability not to burden the political responsibility to politician. The policy of the opening rice market is the representative case to discuss about the issue mentioned here.
This paper examines local government civil servant perception of pubic personnel management justice and organizational citizenship behavior(OCB). For this purpose, three of Seoul city civil servant perceived justices are proposed to affect supervisor trust and perceived organizational support(POS) and consequently to influence employee organizational citizenship behavior. This study, Which used data from Seoul city civil servant, showed acceptable data-fit of proposed model and supported seven of the nine research hypotheses. The empirical results indicated that procedural justice and interactional justice take effect on supervisor trust and perceived organizational support, and the supervisor trust and perceived organizational support in turn have strong influence on civil servant organizational citizenship behavior, and take supervisor trust effect on perceived organizational support. It was confirmed that both supervisor trust and perceived organizational support variable are effective mediators linking civil servant pubic personnel management justice(Procedural Justice, Interactional Justice) and their organizational citizenship behavior. In depth discussion on implication, limitation, and future research direction were supplied.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the change of political authority and economic authority dividing establishments, transformations, terminations into POSCO growth processes. In establishing stage, POSCO is planned and operated by government in spite of corporation regulated commercial law. In that time, It was treated government-controlled corporation. Accordingly, political authority is very high and economic authority is very low. In transforming stage, It carries out corporationꡑs public offering of stocks but government is the largest stockholder. In that time, the promoting law and import limits on steel industry were abrogated but export regulations and price control were maintained. Therefore, political authority is relatively decreased and economic authority is preserved. In terminating stage, Government sells the whole quantity of POSCO stocks and it is released from public corporations. It is transformed into corporation with shares traded publicly on stock market. Hence, economic authority is relatively increased and political authority is reduced.
These transformations are positively evaluated on economic aspects. Government explores the measures of market competition and deregulation on corporation's public offering of stocks. This study offers suggestion which are restricted within narrow limits because it studies only one case study. The following studies will suggest various comments studying corporations passed through different transforming processes.
The purpose of this study was to provide basic materials needed to enhance quality of organization life by identifying the improvements of labor union management in the perspective of hospital organization management. From the results of multiple regression analysis identify major influencing factors of labor union commitment level, the commitment level was positive correlation in those who had higher satisfaction in labor union and their colleagues' attitudes more positively and the atmosphere the relationship between Union and Employer. Especially, the commitment level of the subjects according to their satisfaction was higher who had higher satisfaction in labor union and affiliate oneself with the union.
From a socio-cultural perspective, the stability of Korea's Corruption Index tainted heavily with bribery allures us into a systematic survey of Goryeo Kingdom's bureaucratic corruption, particularly on the articles of bribery carried in Goryeosa. The result of this study were as follows: (1) the number of articles of bribery increased as the Kingdom neared its end, (2) the longer the reign of a king, the more articles of bribery, (3) the principal means of bribery were silver (or silver bottle) the use of which steadily decreased because of high inflation in the last period, (4) the purpose of bribery was largely personal gain or advancement and was fulfilled about two-thirds of the time, but (5) the punishment of bribed officials was minimal, if not non-existent. In a sense, the bribery in Goryeo Kingdom appeared to be an all-or-nothing game, which seems to reiterate even today.
This study focuses primarily on the reasons for political corruption around the world. This paper suggests that the incentive structure for politicians under certain government institutional frameworks will decide the level of corruption. The research question of this paper is: do time horizons of politicians affect the levels of corruption? The hypothesis of this study is that the time horizons of politicians provide an incentive for them to redesign government institutions in certain ways. Politicians who have short-term horizons would not protect collective property rights, because they do not expect to get an increased return from citizens later. They would deliberately choose to make inefficient institutions and policies that increase present gains but give up future revenue. In contrast, long-term horizons of politicians could give them an incentive to secure collective property rights because they would predictably try to get more corrupt money from a growing economic pie. Paradoxically, protecting property rights will reduce the level of corruption over all. Then, politicians will have fewer opportunities to be involved in corrupt behavior. The results of this study imply that a proper design of government institutions is a prerequisite for controlling corruption. Corruption control efforts must focus on government institutions rather than people especially in developing countries. Metaphorically speaking, picking a rotten apple from a wet box does not save the other apples. The box itself must be dried and fixed to keep the apples fresh.
This paper studies on the effectiveness of the fiscal decentralization policy of present Participatory Government. Especially this paper focus on the raise of the local allocation tax rate and the local consumption tax. These two policy symbolize the philosophy of the present Participatory Government.
This paper uses the scenario analysis technique to draw some useful implications and policy recommendation on the new fiscal decentralization policies. Furthermore, in this paper there is the comparative analysis on the local fiscal power, the level of the local fiscal equity and the possibility of struggle between the local government.
Since the late 1990s, government policy makers have carried out many IIP(Industrial Informatization Policy)s and invested tremendous resources to promote national and industrial competitiveness. Meanwhile, there was excessive competition and conflicts on their roles in IIPs among the Ministries involved. This paper focused on analyzing the main causes, status and negative results of competition among MIC(Ministry of Information and Communication), MOCIE(Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy) and SMBA(Small and Midium Business Agency) and then suggested some practical recommendations to solve those problems and to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of IIPs.
The main purpose of this thesis is to bring out the actual condition of social capital in cities area(DAEJEON, CHONAN) and present the formative strategies for regional innovation. To achieve this goal, I will set up the standard for measuring social capital and analyzed the status of social capital in these cities using these standard. As the result of the analysis We have learned that level of social capital in both area is low and CHONAN region is higher than DAEJEON region in the level of social capital. Thus, we need to make an effort to form regional social capital for regional reform. And it is necessary that we enhance proactivity of regional participation and level of regional confidence and security, and activate family and neighborhood network. We have to discuss and review roles of central government, local government and NGO to desirably form social capital.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the quality of life by the subjective indicators in local governments of a metropolitan area. There is increasing recognition that the quality of life is a very important issue and the local government should focus on improving it through delivering the appropriate public service. Then the results of public service need to be evaluated from the viewpoint of quality of life. This study suggests the measuring indicators in nine factors, and surveys how the residents in Daegu Metropolitan-city, Gyeongsan-city and Cheongdo-gun evaluate the level of conditions related with the quality of life in their administrative district. The results of the analysis summarize as follows: The residents' satisfaction in the general quality of life has a little improvement; Gyeongsan-city has the good condition of a healthy life, Cheongdo-gun has the good natural environment, and Daegu Metropolitan-city has the good conditions of education, social welfare, recreation and culture; the condition of a healthy life is a decisive factor on the quality of life; all residents' quality of life can be improved by linking their good conditions of life among local governments in a metropolitan area.
This paper analyzes the process of introduction and discontinuity of an examination system to middle level(fifth rank) civil servant in Korean local government. At first, New institution introduced with the intention of problem solving, that is a problem of an abuse of the local government chief's official authority. If it is so, is there the path dependence or core rigidity have influenced on the process of institutional introduction? Second, as time goes by, the examination system to middle level civil servant can not take root. What's the reason?
All these analyses make it possible to identify which factors are important and prepare useful strategies in the introducing period, the confusing or shrinking period, and the disusing period. This study tried to find the cause of the institutional limitations and to explain the core rigidity. Those are the most important factor in the new institution and the institutional change. Therefore, a case study on failure of institutional embeddedness has meaning in view of failure of the present of the success of the past.
It is necessary to research how to solve the conflict which could happen in the regional cultural festival in the time of religious pluralism. Therefore this research is based on the investigation on how citizens can accept and tolerate other religions in the regional culture festival. Its scope covers four kinds of local festival happening in Korean Southwest Area(so-called Jeon-Nam). According to the investigation, in the participation motive deriving from religious motive is not significant in the festivals. in a sense the festivals are characterized by local cultural and tourist festivals. Its meaning is that everybody can take part in the festivals without consideration of which religions the citizens have. In addition, there is no significant relationship between festival participants and their religious beliefs such as how long they attend a church, what duty they have in a church, whether they are baptized. In other words, in local festivals which is competitively propelled by Korean local authorities, religious tints are weakened and turned into local cultural and tourist festivals. This phenomenon is also observed in the festivals held by religious organizations. This research shows that there is no considering religious elements excessively in the organization of a festival in Korea, not to say that it is not necessary to worry about religious elements.
The question of this paper is whether the emotions is an intervening variable that connects between the independent variable cognition and the dependent variable resistance to the local decentralization policies of Korean Government. The three major hypotheses were tested statistically significant by structural equation model. This means emotions is intervening variable. There is a Korean say that ‘we can drive a cow to river but we cannot get it to drink.’ The metaphor of a situation that a cow can drink water is emotions as an intervening variable. Expression of metaphor makes us infer a lot from emotions easily. The implications derived from emotions are so much valuable and are openness, communication, discourses, trust and so on of the public policy making and implementation process. These kinds of implications are more important because there have been two different policy groups since Kim Dae-Joong became president in Korea. For example democratization personnel group around president decide major policies and traditional career public officials execute these polices. But there has been big chasm between them.
The main purpose of the study is to analyze the efficiency of welfare service in local governments. Twenty three local governments in Gyeong-buk were selected for measuring and comparing welfare efficiency. For this study, local governments were divided it three group by population scale. The DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis) is applied for comparing efficiency of local governments. The result of the study shows that all governments are efficient in first group or second group. On the other hand, four governments in third group have a little lower welfare efficiency than the others. In conclusion, each governments differs in welfare efficiency, in line with population scale. Therefore, they must reflect population scale to raise efficiency in welfare policy. For it, we suggest adjusting the size of input and output of welfare service.
This study attempts to provide some suggestions for desirable local audit system of Korea under the circumstance changes. Traditionally the audit system of local government has some weakness such as the shortage of expertism, over burden of auditee and power disparity between central government and local government. Now we are witness of the relation changes. recently the Presidential Committee on Government Innovation & Decentralization prepared a bill for reform of local audit system. In spite of its efforts, comprehensive innovation regulations are not included in that bill. Many opinions may be discussed on the contents of the bill. This study surely assumes that it is not easy to build perfect audit system of local government, but it is necessary to include some regulations in the bill. first, internal audit authority should be empowered to the civil representatives of the local government as useful management tools. secondly, a new device like unified audit authoriy may be needed to delete the duplications in local audit system. third, it is necessary that stable audit positions be instituionalized. last, the basic direction of the bill should be orientated toward performance.
The purpose of this study is to search for alternatives for regional development through the use of a place marketing strategy in that cultural symbolism matters to regional development strategies. Drawing upon the case of Bucheon city which is well known for a successful place marketing, this study examine how the place marketing was adopted and implemented to make the local government marketable. Based on Griffiths’ “cultural strategy model” this study then analyzes what sub-models were used and why they were switched to another over time. Findings and implications are discussed and specific alternatives suggested for further developing Bucheon city's place marketing strategies.