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2006, Vol.17, No.1

  • 1.

    A Study on the Informal Networks in Organizations: An Application of Social Network Analysis

    Chang-Hyeon Choi | 2006, 17(1) | pp.1~23 | number of Cited : 63
    Abstract PDF
    Although the formal organization describes authority lines, much of the influence and the actual work is accomplished through the informal structure of friends, contacts, and accidental communications, Despite this recognition, recommendations for the design of organizations have been limited for the most part, to formal organizations. A small number of researchers has called attention to the issue of design of informal organization. In this article, I propose to present a panorama of the different methods that exist today for the establishment of a network of relationships in the core of an organization. This network of relationships resembles the  informal organizational chart, on assuming that the phenomena of influence are directly related to the structures of existing relationships.
  • 2.

    The Relationships and Paths among Factors Influencing the Rapidity of Poomui(Ringi) Decision-Making in Korean Local Government

    Won-Ho Chai | Choi Sang il | 2006, 17(1) | pp.25~46 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The Poomui(Ringi)-system as decision-making concept is an important aspect of Korean and Japanese culture that arises from Japanese group orientation. Poomui(Ringi)-system allows group members to participate in decision-making while respecting and maintaining their hierarchical relationships. The application of Poomui(Ringi)-system is called the Poomui(Ringi) decision-making. This study deals with the characteristics of the Poomui(Ringi) decision-making in Korean local government. Also, this paper analyses the relationships and the paths among factors influencing the rapidity of the Poomui(Ringi) decision-making in Korean local government. For this study, the research design includes in-depth interviews as well as surveys.
  • 3.

    A Comparative Study of the Relation between Government and Environmental NGOs in America, Japan, and Korea

    Jeong, Jeong Hwa | 2006, 17(1) | pp.47~79 | number of Cited : 19
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyses the relation between government and environmental NGOs in America, Japan, and Korea. In many countries, the types of the government-NGO relationship depend on various factors such as the characteristics of political system, historical and social atmosphere, and nature of the problems in hand. This paper probes two major factors that can condition the government-NGO relationship, which are organizational characteristics of NGOs and political opportunity structure which means a relative openness of political system and configuration of political power among the relevant actors participating in policy-making process. The comparative analysis shows that the political opportunity structure has much affected the model of the government-NGO relationship, while organizational characteristics of NGOs played an insignificant role. As a result, the interdependence model of government-NGO relationship is found under the circumstances where the openness of political system is enlarged and the configuration of political power is favorable to NGO.
  • 4.

    Senior Executive Programs in Korea and America

    Jin, Jongsoon | 2006, 17(1) | pp.81~108 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The Senior Executive Service in the U. S. has been rated successful since its beginning on 1979. Its success indicates that the senior executive programs have been successful as well. This study finds the conditions of the U. S. senior executive programs’ success, which are 1) the competitive selection process of applicants, 2) the enhancement of the constitutional underpinning and common culture, 3) the emphasis on democratic leadership, 4) the encouragement of networking and mutual learning, 5) the outsourcing of programs, and 6) the program evaluation by the Return-on-Investment(ROI). The Rho administration plans to begin the Senior Executive Service from 2006. Accordingly, the Civil Service Commission in Korea has designed the Senior Executive Service Candidate Development Program. This study investigates whether the senior executive programs including the planned Senior Executive Service Candidate Development Program have the six conditions, and suggests how these conditions can be adopted in the program.
  • 5.

    A Comparative Analysis of Operation Structure on Local Culture and Art Center: Case Study on Buk-Gu in Daegu, Changwon City, and Uiseong County

    SiKyung Lee | 조광식 | 2006, 17(1) | pp.109~132 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract
    This study aims to analyze the factors that impede the efficiency of the operational structure of local Culture and Art Centers in lower-level local autonomies. This study examined organizational structure, financial management, and program management of Culture and Art Centers in the areas of Buk-Gu in Daegu, Changewon City, and Uiseong County. As a result, First, staff members of Culture and Art Centers must be required to exhibit professionalism and creativity in organizational structure appropriate for a Culture and Art Center. Second, it is efficient to utilize the participation of private organizations, volunteers, and other external resources, considering the budget and the financial health, and to induce the support of companies and individuals. Third, efforts needed to be made to improve the cultural life quality of local community members by developing self-planned programs of performance, exhibition, and education.
  • 6.

  • 7.

    Nuclear Energy Policy and Environmentalism: Siting Nuclear Waste Facility

    Sung Roe Lee | 2006, 17(1) | pp.155~176 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    This study explores the local residents' individual value system regarding the siting the nuclear waste facility in the northern Kyungbook province area including the Youngduk-kun and Pohang city, where several nuclear reactors are on operation. This paper found that the postindustrial values, new naturalism, and political ideology affect the individual value system regarding nuclear waste facilities. The respondents of the study show some significant public discontentment with accepting the dominant social ideologies of the economy-growth-first-policy and the national security. The respondents seem to begin recovering the traditional pro-naturalism and pro-environmental values. They show discontentment with fellow human's behavior that destroy the nature and environment, and with the egoism that put themselves at the center of the universe which results in the production of nuclear wastes as a result of nuclear fission technology. The respondents also show some significant ideological tints towards progressivism ranged from the independent foreign policy line from American alliance to the abolition of the national security law
  • 8.

    Analyzing Service Behaviors of Street-Level Bureaucrats for Civil Petition

    OH, SOOGIL | 2006, 17(1) | pp.177~201 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    The era of new governance needs new behavior of street-level bureaucrats. In the context, the purpose of this study is to analyze service behavior of street-level bureaucrats against the civil petition in the era of new governance. For this, the contents of the bulletin boards - ‘LET'S PRAISE’- in the hompages of 25 local governments in Seoul Metropolitan are analyzed. It is because the voice of civil petitioners in the bulletin boards can be appropriate sources for analyzing the service behavior of street-level bureaucrats. The important results of the analyses are that stree-level bureaucrats have to have the meticulous consideration and the kindness against the petitions of civil petitioners. Consequently, this study reveals that the meticulous consideration and the kindness are the priority of the citizen satisfaction, different from other results of citizen satisfaction against public service. In addition, it is believed that those implications can suggest useful dimensions in measuring citizen satisfaction of public services in many ways.