For more than some decades the non-publicness of goods provided by local governments has been attempted to find out that how much they are public or non-public. Recent studies of local public good provision report publicness parameter estimates about one, which is indicating that the local public goods seems to have private good characteristics. It is argued that the observed values of the publicness parameters have no normative significance as to the merits of public versus private provision. If the local public good was a pure public good, the publicness parameter would take on a value of zero; progressively larger values for local public goods indicate that they are private goods. Using the original Bergstrom and Goodman model and South Korea data, this paper shows that there is high evidence of publicness in fire fighting service, but there is even less evidence of publicness in culture, social security, environmental management, road reconstruction. That is to say, some of the local public goods seem to be private goods. Household elasticity of expenditure is the main variable in publicness parameter determination. This paper also contends a measurement problem i.e. so called the zoo effect has led to upwardly biased estimates of the degree to which local public goods are subjected to publicness. Further more, supply size and subfunctions of local public goods enable to get more plausible estimates of their publicness..
The Korean government designed new social service management system titled “Community Social Service Investment Program” (CSI) in the year 2007. The several new policy values are considered in CSI program such as social infrastructure investment and universal social welfare, consumer-directed, social service market, leverage for social service industry, block grant for the inter-government welfare fiscal relationship etc. More than three hundred social services are supported by CSI program in 2007. In this paper, first, I established the logic of the key concepts in CSI program. Second, the CSI's policy structure and performance were reviewed with the CSI’s new policy values. Finally, I suggested several policy recommendations for speeding up the CSI program.
Transaction cost theory has been used significant role in many areas to explain governance mechanism. In these studies, transaction cost has been measured with transaction attributes, such as asset specificity, environmental uncertainty and transaction frequency. This research, contrast with other studies, reviews the relationship between transaction attributes and transaction cost. To analyse this issue, we break down transaction cost as information cost, measurement cost, negotiation cost, monitoring cost, enforcement cost. Also, we consider transaction attributes such as asset specificity, environmental uncertainty, legal & institutional aspects and so on. Using public information system outsourcing, this study finds that only some transaction attributes are significant to transaction costs.
The purpose of this paper is to reconsider the bureaucracy and network for marine oil pollution response system. It is very important to respond to big crude oil spill pollution incidents efficiently and swiftly because the spilt oil can have a broad and bad influence on fisheries, mariculture and tourism activities. There was a severe collusion between the Hong Kong registered oil-carrying supertanker Hebei Spirit and the barge crane Samsung No.1 on 7 December 2007 about five miles off Taean Peninsula, South Korea.
Recently there was much concern about the network of volunteers in civil society, but little concern about bureaucracy as a core problem-solver. But bureaucracy is a very efficient system to respond to large disasters immediately and accurately even though ordinary people regard it as a slow and stupid thing like a camelephant. Bureaucracy is efficient on condition that the successful hierarchial conditions of command-control and of specific rules do work.
I found out through this study that the command and control system did not work on initial response stage of the Hebei Spirit incident because there were no regulations on prohibiting navigation and mobilizing corporate preventing crews after the collusion. Furthermore, there was no coordination system between pollution response at sea and clean-up operations along the shoreline because of the difference in prevailing authorities. Local governments less prepared against oil spill pollution disasters could not work efficiently for preventing and recovering disasters.
So I suggested that the revision and amendment of regulations should be needed for the efficiency of bureaucracy through the integration of off-shore and on-shore prevention authorities for the smooth coordination system. I also suggested that horizontal cooperative networks between government and civil society should be effective for the long-term recovery stage from the viewpoint of temporal ordering.
Empirical studies on the energy-efficiency of compact city have been conducted mainly for the low-density dispersed Western cities. Given the tendency of high population densities of Korean cities, uncovering the impact of additional compactness on energy efficiency requires empirical testing. However, most empirical studies in Korea tend to rely on data limited to a city of specific location or size, or overlook important factors such as socioeconomic variables which would be closely related to energy consumption. This paper investigates the applicability of the compact city using the 1998-2005 annual data on the 7 densely populated metropolitan cities, including not only urban form characteristics but also socioeconomic variables. The results show that a net population density is negatively related with transportation energy consumption. In particular, it is estimated that a 1% increase of a net residential density saves gasoline by 55~88 million dollars per a year. The findings point to the positive effect of compactness on energy-efficiency, which suggests that compact city still can be a sustainable urban form in Korea.
This paper discusses the philosophical underpinnings of the present study on eGovernment and eParticipation which chose a hybrid philosophical framework based on realist ontology, constructivist epistemology, and pluralist methodology, as well as the philosophical assumptions which underlie the case study method and the triangulation of data-gathering techniques that this study adopted.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the educational trends in Korean Public Administration for last 50 years with special reference to the Introduction to Public Administration. Existing studies about Korean Public Administration focus on the Public Administration research agendas, which could not provide the critical review of the Introduction to Public Administration. To overcome this limitation, it investigated Introductions to Public Administration which were published since 1955.
According to the analysis, early education in 1960s primarily consists of organizational theory, personnel administration to provide practical informations, and in 1970s policy-making and planning became important part of the Introductions in addition to traditional arenas. In 1980s Introductions begin to include responsibility & control, development administration, comparative administration, value & idea and citizen participation. In 1990s diversity of the contents increases and Public Administration education extends to government reform and local government, and market and innovation. Finally, in the 2000s convergence appears in Korean Public Administration Education.
Rational choice theory that came out against over determinism of macro level theory which puts emphasis on structure and system thinks of a phenomenon as a consequence of actor's rational and strategic choice. Rational choice theory can be set a high value in that offers the micro foundation of the social phenomenon in a sophisticated logic, but it was pointed out that it has the several theoretical and methodological limits. In response to this critique, the inner school of rational choice theory has been expanding its horizons in incorporating institution, culture, and history into its theoretical and methodological framework in recent years, and this essay examined into three contexts of rational choice institutionalism, sociological rational choice theory, and analytic narratives.
Political budget cycle based on public choice assumes that because the governing political party exploits government budget for maximizing votes in the next election, it increases the support-gathering kind of budget as the new election approaches. So far study on political budget cycle have targeted the western developed capitalist countries. This study examines whether there is a trend of political budget cycle among Far Eastern countries, South and North Korea, China, and Japan that possess various system in political and economical sides. For the purpose this study uses Hausken Model that expresses relationship between political democratization level and political budget cycle. According to Hausken Model, probability of political budget cycle is in order of democratic(Japan), dictatorial(North Korea), and intermediate(South Korea and China) polity. But empirical findings of Far Eastern countries are observed in order of North Korea, South Korea, China, and Japan.
It is necessary to survey the possibility to the revitalization of Saemaulundong. The purpose of this study is to collect the basic data for the revitalization of Saemaulundong by identifying the perceptions of citizens about Saemaulundong. This survey employed the questionnaire survey method that polled 1,026 citizens by a proportional stratified sampling method. The survey included questions on the recognition, obstacle factor, image, direction, goal, spirit, financial security. The implications of the results of this survey are as follows: First, the organization personnel system should be reformed to meet the needs of the younger generation. Second, the analysis shows that Strengthening 'Saemaeul organizations' is the most important item among them. Therefore, the expansion of the base and the preparation of participation system in Saemaulundong must be preferentially accomplished by reinforcing a capability of Saemaul organization hereafter. for the reason of this, it is needed to exam the current effectiveness of Saemaulundong that attracts the notice of the inside and outside of the country, and to use it actively.
English Abstract: This article focuses on a critique of Evans' Weberianness Scale as comparative criterion of inter-state bureaucratic competence. According to Evans and Weberians, bureaucratic competence is composed of sub-variables: degrees of corruption, quality of bureaucracy, bureaucratic delay and red-tape. And independent variables of bureaucratic competence consists of merit, career, salary, level of income, human capital and race/language fraction. In spite of contribution of the model, there must be additional study to sharpen limited debates.