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2009, Vol.20, No.1

  • 1.

    ‘문화적 자본’ 이론을 활용한 지역문화향유의 함의에 관한 연구

    Seo Sun-Bok | 2009, 20(1) | pp.1~25 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    The goal of this study is to draw local cultural strategy and task with the survey of the enjoyment of local culture together from the point of view of integrated approach related to the democratization of culture and cultural democracy, by classifying cultural capital concept into the objectified state cultural capital, institutionalized state cultural capital, embodied state cultural capital, trying to make operational definition, researching the real state of cultural enjoyment and connecting both of them. It is necessary for the possession percentage of objectified state cultural capital to be increased for enlarging the cultural enjoyment ability of local residents, and it is also necessary to make various efforts in the level of software and humanware for raising low rates of using cultural infrastructure. In addition, for getting out of the phenomenon of making fixed ideas including the realization of residents' right of culture and the exclusion of participation in cultural enjoyment, it is also necessary to deliberate cultural policy methods for democratization of culture. In the aspects of embodied state cultural capital, it is essential to move prior ranking and emphasis of cultural policy direction from the advanced culture to the living culture of public culture. In addition to evaluate policy-effectiveness for democratization of culture, it is also essential for local residents to enjoy their daily lives that life become art and art becomes life by deriving policy direction enlarging civilian's cultural capability. And, it is necessary to consider the method of utilizing culture and art for actively developing local culture enjoyment programs executing arts therapy program through culture and art at local community and strengthening communication and relationship between families.
  • 2.

    해석적 패러다임에 의한 행정학 연구 동향

    Park, Kwang Kook | OH, SOOGIL | 2009, 20(1) | pp.27~49 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzed the trend of the Korean public administration studies by interpretive paradigm. For this, 32 articles which have interpretive approach including phenomenology, critical theory, discourse theory, postmodernism are analyzed from Korean Public Administration Review, Korean Policy Studies Review, Korean Society and Public Administration, and Korean Public Administration Journal, from the first publications to the issues of December, 2008. As a result, the main fields of the studies are on theory and methodology, language of public administration, policy and institution, and behaviors. The main foci of the studies are on comparison of the theoretical stances, importance of language of public administration, methodological coincidence, consideration for historical context and institutional appropriateness, and emphasis on the field and life world. Consequently, for the relevant public administration it requires integrative efforts of functionalistic and interpretive paradigm, and as a foundation the extension of application to practical public administration field such as language of public administration.
  • 3.

    공공기관의 책임성 유형과 우선순위에 관한 실증분석

    O-Sung Kwon | Hie-Shin Hwang | 박석희 and 1other persons | 2009, 20(1) | pp.51~74 | number of Cited : 24
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to empirically analyze the priorities of accountability in Korean public agencies. A survey questionnaire is constructed for the employees of the agencies. The questionnaire is grounded on the four types of accountability suggested by Hoek et al.(2005): vertical, internal, customer and social. The authors categorize the public agencies into six types based on their service functions, and conduct AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) to find out the priorities of accountability. Findings suggest that customer accountability is considered most important, followed by social, internal and vertical accountability. One of the most important findings is that customer accountability and social accountability are more important than vertical accountability, which has traditionally been the most emphasized aspect of accountability in the public sector. Some differences are also found among the priorities in the six types of public agencies. The conclusion recommends that the management system of the public agencies in Korea put more emphasis on customer accountability and social accountability and also confirm the differences among the six types of public agencies.
  • 4.

    지식관리 영향요인에 대한 실증적 연구: 수도권 기초자치단체를 중심으로

    이배영 | 전진석 | 2009, 20(1) | pp.75~98 | number of Cited : 17
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to analyze factors influencing knowledge management activities through structual equation modeling approach and to propose policy directions. In this study, factors that may influence knowledge management activities within the organizations of administrative agencies were strategic, management, relational, and information-technology(IT) factors, As a result of overall analysis, knowledge creation was affected by management factors, relational factors, and strategic factors (in order), but was insignificantly affected by IT factors. Knowledge accumulation/sharing was affected by management factors, relational factors, and IT factors (in order), but was insignificantly affected by strategic factors. As a result knowledge management activities were analyzed to be affected by management factors and relational factors and relational factors.
  • 5.

    지역사회참여와 사회자본이 시민접촉에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구

    Song Keon-Sup | 2009, 20(1) | pp.99~121 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to investigate suitable model through causal and effect analysis about community participation and social capital, citizen contacts. The method was chosen to more clearly understand the opinions of Daegu metropolitan city residents about their own reliability, norm, network, social capital, citizen contact etc. The results of this study were as follows. First, Daegu metropolitan city residents have a generally high citizen contact. Second, community participation influence on citizen contact indirectly through social capital factors. Third, the relation between community participation and citizen contact was proved directly influencing factors. In conclusion, active participation and taking the initiative social capital formation, enlargement of citizen participation will contribute to political & administration development of local government.
  • 6.

    증권관련집단소송제도 도입에 따른 네트워크 구조 변화에 관한 연구

    박성민 | 2009, 20(1) | pp.123~143 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study is to analyse the structure of the policy network that introduced a class action concerning stocks in Korea and to examine its change. The best way to understand the policy process is to examine how the network structure influences the decision-making process, when a policy becomes a socially controversial issue.
  • 7.

    발전국가, 배태된 자율성, 그리고 제도론적 함의: 이승만 정부, 박정희 정부, 전두환 정부의 산업화 정책을 중심으로

    구현우 | 2009, 20(1) | pp.145~178 | number of Cited : 17
    Abstract
    The theory of developmental state that seeks to explain the rapid economic growth in East Asia has the merits which can explain developmental mystery that neoclassical economics cannot explain. However, as a result of concentrated on state-centered theory, the theory of developmental state underestimates the interrelation between state and society. In this context embedded autonomy starts with the idea that states vary in the way they organized and tied to society. In some nations, like Zaire, the state is predatory, ruthlessly extracting and providing nothing of value in return. In others, like Korea, it is developmental, promoting industrialization. Based on these theoretical background, this study analyzed the industrialization policy in Rhee Syung Man, Park Chung Hee, and Chun Doo Hwan Government. The findings of this study are as follows. First, in the 1950s Rhee Syung Man government maintained a state autonomy by means of the comprehensive control of economic resources and the oppressive state apparatus, but it lacked a state capacity. As a result, Rhee Syung Man government was a predatory state that concentrated on an extraction of economic resources in society. On the contrary, Park Chung Hee government institutionalized developmental state by means of the reform of bureaucracy based on a merit system and the developmental policy coalition called 'Korea Inc.' Like the core discussion of embedded autonomy, autonomous state with a high state capacity led the rapid Korean industrialization. Second, the growth of capitalists in Korea depended on state policy. Therefore, capitalists in Korea were 'the political capitalists' from birth. However, like the case of heavy industrialization in the 1970s and economic liberalization in the 1980s, state policy sometimes gave rise to 'boomerang effects' that decrease a state autonomy and activity. Third, in the 1980s, 'the crisis of developmental state' was 'the crisis of success', not 'the crisis of failure'. In other words, according as developmental state had successfully accomplished historical mission, paradoxically its historical necessity slowly decreased, in consequence developmental state has gone away from history.
  • 8.

    지방자치단체 평가의 개선방향에 관한 연구: 자치단체에 대한 인식도 조사를 중심으로

    YOUNCHUNG CHUNG | 2009, 20(1) | pp.179~204 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This research aims at understanding current problems of evaluation system including individual and unified evaluation for local government implemented by central government and developing policy implication to solve the problem. Current the government, in particular, tends to focus macro-level institutional coordinations which are relevant to unified management for various evaluation to the local governments. However, we emphasizes not only structural coordinations but also procedural treatments generated from real evaluation process. To derive micro-level alternatives, this research considers local governments' perspectives utilizing survey results. Regarding the survey for local governments, this research concerns 4 indexes such as redundancy, efficiency of evaluation process and management, expertises, and satisfaction which were questioned to local government officers. Additionally, effectiveness of the evaluation has been discussed in terms of improvement effects and changes. Consequently, this research arrives to policy implications with the respect to evaluation system management and feedbacks in general.
  • 9.

    訥齋 梁誠之의 政治・行政 思想 硏究: 경세적 ‘참 선비(眞儒)’ 모델을 중심으로

    Park,Byung-Ryun | 2009, 20(1) | pp.205~228 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Yang Sung-ji is one of the standouts among scholar-officials from the early Chosun period. He is noted for being a Confucian scholar that does not befit later Chosun notions of a 'literati', being held in esteem by monarchs and regarded in a positive light during his lifetime, but whose reputation would suffer from the reign of King Sungjong and thereafter. Yang Sung-ji believed that aemin(愛民), or the love of the people, should be the guiding purpose of politics and government. The actual method of implementing that love is called hungrijaehae(興利除害), or increasing benefits while negating harm, based on the semantic dichotomy of benefit and harm, which forms the backbone of his political thinking. Such is the philosophical background allows Yang Sung-ji to posit 'sufficient food(足食)' and 'sufficient military(足兵)' as tangible policy goals. As the economy and military are real issues for any country, they are issues pertinent to every schools of thought concerned with building a rich country and a strong army (富國强兵), and not limited to Confucianism. Yet this perspective is intimately related to the idea of Rule of Might(覇道), an idea shunned by the mainstream of Confucianism, which became the main reason for its denigration by dominant Neoconfucian idealists during later part of Chosun. The negative opinions against Yang Sung-ji in late Chosun notwithstanding, his ideas show us that philosophy of early Chosun scholar-officials concerning politics and government were discussed in a much more liberal atmosphere and were thus much more realistic. When it comes to adaptation of Confucianism and Neoconfucianism to Korea, it was during early Chosun that ideas tended to be closer to the real spirit of Confucianism. Late Chosun Neoconfucianism, on the other hand, can be criticized for subsuming realities of the people into their rigid ideology. Yang Sung-ji thus provides us with a clear window for understanding how Confucianism was being accepted and interpreted during early Chosun dynasty.
  • 10.

    한국 육아휴직제의 고용연장효과 분석

    이수영 | 2009, 20(1) | pp.229~255 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract
    Parental Leave is a policy instrument for women's employment extension. However, since November of 2001, when paid parental leave started, there are few studies about parental leave's policy goal achievability. This work analyzes data of Employment Insurance to measure the policy impact of parental leave. According to the result of the analysis, use of parental leave leaves negative impact to women's employment extension. This is due to psychological and environmental factors. The key factor to women's employment extension is the size of the company. In order to promote parental leave's employment extension, we need to compose parental leave by the size of the company.
  • 11.

    공공정보자원관리에 대한 개념 재설정과 법제개편 방향: 국가지식정보자원관리사업을 중심으로

    Pilky Hong | BANG MIN SEOK | Yun, Sangoh | 2009, 20(1) | pp.257~280 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Knowledge and information has been emphasized with the rise of digital government initiatives; many developed countries put the knowledge information resource policy in place. The Knowledge Information Resource Management Act took effect in Korea the year 2000, building up the information databases for public sector. In this study the concept of the public sector knowledge information is reviewed as the core of knowledge information resource management. The way of reform of related laws are considered. Key findings and results of this research are as follows: first, the concept of knowledge information resource should be expanded from the simple database building to the information distribution and availability by the four types proposed in this study; secondly, overall legislative reform and systematic reorganization is needed to revise the 'Knowledge Information Resource Management Act'.
  • 12.

    <한국사회와 행정연구>의 영역별 분석 및 차별화

    Haesoo Kwon | MOO SUP SHIN | 2009, 20(1) | pp.281~293 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    This paper seeks to differentiate SAPA(Seoul Association of Public Administration) from other public administration organizations through an overview of the changes of the journals in Korea’s public administration field. It is difficult for SAPA to overcome the lack of quality compared to the growth of quantity, monotonic methodologies and the contents of researches in Korea's public administration. In addition it failed to differentiate itself from other organizations. For almost thirty years since the beginning of SAPA, SAPA has not followed its founding spirit but the academic flow of Korea's public administration. For the SAPA to become a sustainable academic community, the most important task would be publishing distinguishable journals. Academic purposes corresponding to the founding motto of SAPA and journals accomplishing these purposes are necessary. This can be possible when SAPA can accept various perspectives and speak freely in front of the public. Furthermore, research with methodological balance, multi-cultural public administration and autonomous or sustainable public administration is necessary.