The theory of meaning in public administration helps decide what we have to study, that is, what constitutes the boundary of public administration. The main-stream public adminstration from Wilson to Simon which was built upon the philosophical foundation of positivism, logical positivism in particular, has been established on the basis of a particular linguistic theory of meaning, that is, the meaning theory of scientific language. However, ever since New Public Administration challenged the main-stream public administration in the late 1960s and the early 1970s, until today, a new kind of public administration associated with subjectivistic philosophies such as phenomenology, critical philosophy and hermeneutics has failed to clearly define what its research object is and how it really differs from the main-stream public administration. The purpose of this essay is to clearly show the difference in the theory of meaning between the scientific language which the main-stream public administration adopts and the ordinary language with which the new kind of public administration takes side. In addition, this essay will try to suggest where we should look forwad for the reconstruction of public administration.
This paper explores the context of politics-administration relations in Korean political system. To identify key issues associated with the relationship between politics and administration, this study has examined the characteristics of diverse models of political-administrative relations. Five issues are identified. Those are the principle of political supremacy and the problem of control, the problems of partisan neutrality and policy neutrality, political interference in public personnel administration. job security of bureaucrats, and the problem of bureaucracy and democracy.
Korean bureaucracy has changed from 'autonomous administrators model' to 'responsive administrators model' after democratization of 1990s. As the need for more responsiveness increases, the bases of policy neutrality and autonomy of bureaucrats have been withered. To improve the performance and accountability of bureaucracy in a democratic government, neutral competence of professional staff agencies should be recognized, immoderate political interference should be refrained, and the term of office must be observed. To sum up, Korean political system should seek new balance between politics and administration to resolve the bureaucracy problem in a democratic society.
This paper aims to analyse the validity and reliability of National Competitiveness Indices which are composite indicators ranking countries according to selected criteria and measures of national competitive powers. For this, it assesses the best-known indices, The Global Competitiveness Report of the World Economic Forum and The World Competitiveness Report of the IMD, and finds deficiencies at several levels. Its definitions are too broad, the approach biased and the methodology flawed. Many qualitative measures are vague, redundant or wrong. In particular, the extensive use of local executive responses, with many questions posed in an unclear manner, raises too many doubts to allow the data to be used to rank countries in the way the two organisations do. The impressive pyramids of rankings and policy conclusions reached by WEF and IMD rests ultimately on a small, inadequate and often suspect base. These weak theoretical and empirical foundations reduce the value of the indices for analytical or policy purposes. To be analytically acceptable, the two indices should be more limited in coverage, focusing on particular sectors rather than economies as a whole, and using a smaller number of critical variables rather than pulling in everything the economics, management, and other disciplines suggest.
The debate on big government and small government has always been a central issue in political reform, however, there has not been much research on the relationship between size of government and the effectiveness of government policies. This paper using a panel data set of 40 OECD and non-OECD countries from 1996 to 2004 will analyze and compare how the size of the government affects the effectiveness of government policies.
Assuming the relationship between the size of the government and the effectiveness of the government’s policies are affected by the level of modernity and economic development, dividing OECD and non-OECD countries, the results were significant.
In OECD countries the critical hypothesis that the relationship between government size and the effectiveness of government policies is an inverted U-shape rather than a linear one was confirmed. In non-OECD countries the analysis did not produce robust results.
According to the analysis, for OECD countries, those that have modern and developed economic institutions, the effectiveness of government policy increases with size of the government until the specific critical point. Past this point, the size of the government has adverse effects on the effectiveness of government policy.
This study is to examine the servant leadership suitable to the situation of the 21st century. There are many theories regarding leadership. So far, many leadership studies have been conducted in different contexts. They can be organized into several distinct categories: trait theory, behavior theory, situation and contingency theory, transactional and transformational theory. Out of them, transformational leadership theory is of particular importance. The question of transformational leadership has been raised in era of governance of the 21st century although transformational leadership is thought to be effective in both the public sector organizations and the private sector organizations. This paper demonstrates the possibility of servant leadership which can be replaced as an alternative for transformational leadership.
Since the interdisciplinarity in policy studies has widely focused on the instrumental approach for solving out policy problems and issues, the policy community has charged criticism to the disciplinary identity crisis deprived from the policy theories. Thus on the assumption that the interdisciplinary policy studies be conducted by the conceptual interdisciplinary approach for developing or creating policy theories rather than simple use and applications borrowed from other branches of social sciences and professions, this paper tried to develop basic and primary interdisciplinary policy theories by employing critical reviewing on the interdisciplinary literatures founded in policy studies, public administration, political science, developmental studies, and interdisciplinarity studies itself, and by surveying this issue to American policy scholars(eight of thirty two) who have been specialized in the theoretical understandings of policy science. The findings and reasoned conclusions of this paper included that the interdisciplinary studies for orienting or creating policy theories have been a debatable as well as an unwelcoming theme in policy science. But some theoretical fields such as democracy and policy studies, politics and policy, policy philosophy, policy balancing, and policy leadership were marked by American policy scientists as the primary and prominent subjects in the studies of interdisciplinarity of policy. Finally, with evolving out more researches and discussions on these interdisciplinary topics in the policy community, these interdisciplinary policy theories have more possibilities to the building of basic and central policy theories.
This article has applied conflict process model and advocacy coalition framework(ACF) to the analysis of the process of public conflict on the establishment of Jeju Naval Post, which have lasted since the 1990s. The conflict process model and ACF provide a very useful analytical framework for the dynamic analysis of the whole policy changes process in decision making, policy output, policy impact and policy shift, through strategic interactions of various policy actors such as advocacy coalitions, policy brokers, etc. The Jeju Naval Post Case can also provide a guideline for constructing new governance system, which is characterized by a management system that can prevent any possible future public conflicts between the military and civilian sectors, activation of communication among participants in policy process, and a smooth cooperative relationship between central government and local government related to standings of military establishments.
The purpose of this article is to reestablish the status of public authority in view of public governance. In Korea, public enterprises and quasi-government institutions are fulfilling their own roles about public intervention and/or new public management. The effect of public governance on public authorities is defected usually in existence significance, managerial accountability and efficiency in management. This paper proposes, eventually, a number of policy alternatives for further improvement of public authorities. They include: establishment procedure, management goals, management control, assessment system, organizational structure, and personnel management.
The aim of this article is to examine the relationships of local government and citizen(public) in administrative PR viewpoint. Especially, This paper analyzed relationship between administrative organization and stakeholder by applicate in attribution model, co-orientation model and issue cycle model analysis about nuclear waste facilities. Analysis result suggested several no less important lessons as follows: First is lack of crisis management communication principles (promptitude, consistency, opened, trust, co-orientation principles, etc.), specialist in administrative PR. Second, establishes in responsive network system between PR communicator and PR communicatee. Third is promotion of crisis management education and specialist. Fourth is necessity of proactive PR or issue management PR. Fifth, emphasis on two-way communication between administration and citizen or public stakeholder, etc.
In this age of mega-competition times, Korean government isn't having scientific management method of the career development against mega-competition. Now it has turned out that a productivity improvement is accelerated performance improvement of public servants.
The purpose of this study is to improve the initiation policy and productivity of a career development program(CDP) for the growth of governmental competition in Korea. This study is aimed to provide basic resources about the application and productivity of CDP by surveying the perception of public servants to CDP. The data were collected from 353 persons of 9 departments of Korean government in May 2007 by Presidential Committee on Government Innovation & Decentralization.
As a result, it was found that Korean Central Government Officials perceived correctly the purpose of CDP and there was high correlation between speciality of job and satisfaction at CDP. This positive appreciation of CDP will accelerate the application of CDP in Korean government. But the Korean Government should be very aggressive in pursuing the policy of application of CDP and preparing a detailed plan of execution proceedings.
Also for the Development of Initiation Policy of CDP to bring up specialists it is necessary to improve training system & personnel management system and to enforce discriminatory strategy of initiation policy of CDP in accordance with department of the government.