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2010, Vol.21, No.2

  • 1.

    Diverse Relationship between Business Associations and Government: With Content Analysis on the Articles of Business Association

    Minho LEE | 2010, 21(2) | pp.1~28 | number of Cited : 4
    As policy partners with government, business associations have played an important role for developing national industry and economy in Korea, However, it cannot be said to be enough for explaining the relationship between government and business associations. Though there were some studies on this relationship , they were usually absorbed in the theoretical framework of either interest group politics or national corporatism, with some limitations in describing the real relationship between them. With this background, this study tries to explain the diverse relationship between government and business associations based on empirical analysis. Accordingly a content analysis on the articles of 37 associations was conducted. Results indicate some diverse traits of the relationship were found in terms of with the different sub-concepts of government, the age of associations, and the business sectoral difference. These differences suggest an important factor for explaining the diverse relationship between government and business associations. Moreover, they extended to the need for diverse approaches and tools to foster better participation and cooperation with business associations.
  • 2.

    An Exploratory Study on the Organizational Effectiveness of Behavioral Perspective by Public Administration Ethical Climate's Types: Focused on Perception of G City Officials in Gyunggi Province

    Chung-Joo Lee | 2010, 21(2) | pp.29~53 | number of Cited : 10
    This study reviewed the question, how much does the ethical climate of public administration affect organizational effectiveness through empirical analysis in the case of G city, Gyunggi province. After analysis, the following facts were identified. First, the nine ethical climate indicators of Victor and Cullen could be collapsed to three ethical climate's types through factor analysis. Those are new public management type, traditional public administration type, and new public service type, and they are based on individualism, hierarchism, and egalitarianism respectively on what can be called public administration values. Second, to review more correctly the influence of ethical climate on organizational effectiveness, personal properties(gender and length of service) and structural properties (centralization and standardization) were controlled and a multiple regression analysis was carried out. After analysis, the ethical climate of traditional public administration types and new public service types correlated positively to the organizational effectiveness of behavioral perspective (organizational commitment and job sat is faction)insignificant level. This result is similar to the that of the business sphere. Another critical result is that the ethical climate of the new public management type didn't have a significant effect on organizational effectiveness, but had positive direction. This result is contrary to the results of business area study that ethical climate of new public management type has significant negative effect on organizational effectiveness. This fact suggests that as the skepticism and fatigue about practical effectiveness from excessive performance increase, and ethical climate of the new public management type is not related.
  • 3.

    옹호연합의 연합행태에 관한 실증적 연구:3려(여수시, 여천시, 여천군) 통합과정을 중심으로

    kim lee soo | 2010, 21(2) | pp.55~87 | number of Cited : 5
    This article aims to empirically analyze the behaviors of advocacy coalitions. The AFC(Advocacy Coalition Frameworks), developed by Paul Sabatiers, has been applied to various policy sectors in Korea. The framework considers policy change as the result of learning processes within and between advocacy coalitions. However, in explaining policy change, The AFC focuses change processes of the policy belief system of advocacy coalition. In AFC studies, there have been a few attempts to account for how actors with certain policy belief systems develop and maintain these advocacy coalition. From the literature on interdependencies, policy beliefs, coalition resources and coalition behaviors(see, for instance, Fenger and Klok, 2001; Zafonte and Sabatier, 1998; Weible and Sabatier, 2005), I designed the analysis framework. In this article, I analyzed the development and maintenance of advocacy coalitions, the coalition behaviors of actors by looking at both interdependencies and policy beliefs of the actors, and coalition resources. In Korea, the importance of this approach was demonstrated by applying it to consolidation among local governments, which was called YeoSu (United) City. Findings indicated the attention for interdependency and policy beliefs of the actors, and coalition resources contribute to explain the behaviors of actors and advocacy coalitions. And I deducted policy implications. First, advocacy coalition behaviors have changed from strong conflict to strong coordination during processes of consolidation among local governments. Second, in addition to interdependency and policy belief, political factors affected advocacy coalition behaviors. Third, public entrepreneurs play a important role in changing from strong conflict to strong coordination as to advocacy coalition behaviors.
  • 4.

    An Analysis of Papers Published in SSCI Journals by Korean Public Administration Researchers: The Intellectual Tension and Intellectual Disproportion in Recent Ten Years(2000-2009)

    Choi Sang han | 2010, 21(2) | pp.89~116 | number of Cited : 13
    Various studies have investigated research trends. While articles published in SSCI journals are growing and due to social attention increasing, little research has analyzed the research trends of articles in those journals by the researchers of Korean Public Administration. The purpose of this study is to analyze the research trends and current event of articles published in those journals from 2000 to 2009. In order to do this five SSCI journals were selected and analyzed on the dimensions of authors’ personal backgrounds, the research areas, research methodologies, and number of citations’’ per year in articles. The results show that authors' selection of journals, nations of their final degree, and their current organizations are extremely limited to the U. S. A. The areas and methodologies of research are disproportionately laid to certain areas and methodologies. T he volume of articles by doctoral students, the coauthorship between professors and students, the number of their articles, and the number of citation per year raise intellectual tensions for the development and internationalization of Korean Public Administration.
  • 5.

    Evaluating the Efficiency of Public Medical Services: An Application of the Bootstrap Data Envelopment Analysis Model to Local Medical Centers in Korea

    Yoo, Keum-Rok | 2010, 21(2) | pp.117~140 | number of Cited : 23
    Using a bootstrap data envelopment analysis, this study measured the efficiency of public medical services with application to thirty four local medical centers in Korea in 2007, and then analyzed the effect on efficiency of environmental variables using truncated regression analysis. The bootstrapped bias-corrected efficiency scores of local medical centers indicated to be 14.81% lower than efficiency scores measured by the conventional data envelopment analysis model. The result of adjusting for the effect of environmental variables such as population and financial self-reliance ratio on the efficiency scores of local medical centers shows that the ranking of efficiency greatly changed, as compared with those being not accounted for environmental variables. The implications of this paper are as follows. First, bootstrap data envelopment analysis needs to be used to measure the efficiency of the public sector including local medical centers. Second, both financial solvency and transparency measures as well as a profitability measure should be included as outputs of local medical centers. Third, the truncated regression model needs to be utilized to examine factors affecting efficiency together with the measurement of bootstrapped bias-corrected efficiency scores. Fourth, the efficiency of local medical centers should be corrected for the effect of environmental variables.
  • 6.

    Recognition difference of Organization culture and factor of job stress

    강종혁 | 2010, 21(2) | pp.141~164 | number of Cited : 12
    This study aims to describe the relationship between recognition difference and job stress regarding organizational culture among local government officials in Korea. Specifically, it is to determine whether organizational culture preferred by members and degree of job stress with recognition difference of organization culture being felt is different, and if the factor of job stress under respective situation may be different. Organizational culture recognition difference is divided into 3 dimensions to reveal Job stress factor and the relationship to job stress subsequent to recognition difference regarding organization culture. The three dimensions were framed along the lines of $` Relation of job stress factor and job stress subsequent to existence of organization culture recognition difference $a Relation of job stress factor and job stress subsequent to organization culture recognition difference value $b Relation of job stress factor and job stress subsequent to organizational culture type group preference.
  • 7.

    An Exploratory Research on determinant of local government integrity

    Jang, SeokJun | 2010, 21(2) | pp.165~192 | number of Cited : 30
    The purpose of this research is to explain what affects the varying degrees of government integrity at the local level. In line with the general perspective that corruption can be seen as a result of political, economic, and sociocultural factors, the present study posits that the integrity of a local government is determined by such diverse factors as the size of local government, the strength of regulatory activities, transparency of administration, local politics, and social capital. The primary findings of the study are as follows: First, the size of government expenditures and the size of the majority party in local councils exert negative influences on the degree of government integrity at the local level. Second, local social capital has a positive effect on the degree of government integrity. A general contribution of this study to the understanding of local government integrity is twofold. First, the study is the first to provide a conceptual foundation for an empirical analysis of the local government integrity scores. Second, the study demonstrates the validity and reliability of the government integrity scores of the Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission (ACRC).ernment integrity scores of the Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission (ACRC).
  • 8.

    Social Risk and Evaluation of Risk Response Policies: Analysis of Relative Significance Using AHP

    이곤수 , Kim, Byung-kyu | 2010, 21(2) | pp.193~214 | number of Cited : 16
    Proper roles and responsibilities of the government are important in preparing for and overcoming social risk which has diversified and deepened. The risk response policy or strategy of the government needs to focus on expanding and funding the social security network in Korea which has not completed social welfare system fully. This study evaluates social risk response policies which are implemented against the economic crisis in 2008, and tries to provide policy suggestions for the establishment of strategies against social risk through the analysis of policy priorities. After examining the existing social security network, we can figure out policy priorities to complement and expand the social security network through the Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP). Our results indicate that job creation is the most necessary strategy among six different risk response policy types, and that the priorities to be considered for the establishment of better risk response policies are; assistance for business startups, assistance for childcare, assistance for higher education, assistance for job training, and assistance for lower income citizens.
  • 9.

    Gender Impact Assessment on “Farmer's College”

    Moon Mee-Kyung , Jin, Jongsoon | 2010, 21(2) | pp.215~240 | number of Cited : 6
    The government offers basic and expert technical education for farmers to increase human capital and expertise of farmers because the population and competitiveness of farmers is declining. In particular, Farmer's College provides expert technical education for farmers. One of the factors of the emerging issue of education for farmers is the male-oriented perspective of the overall policy measures conducted by entities such as the U.N. Because women's opportunities are structurally limited and women are peripheral as farmers in Korea, education for farmers should be discussed as gender policy. This study focuses on expert technical education and conducts gender impact assessment on long-term education programs in Farmer's College. This study found that policy measures are necessary to reflect gender impact assessment in the Farmer's College. First, the overall structure of education plans and documentation should be replaced by formats reflecting gender perspectives. Second, the Farmer's College should expand opportunities for female farmers to participate in education programs by adopting affirmative action programs for female farmers and married couples to take together. Lastly, education for government officials is necessary to prepare budgets incorporating gender perspectives.
  • 10.

    The Factor Analysis between Public Relations and Crisis Cognition and Management in Local Government

    JeongHeon Kim | 2010, 21(2) | pp.241~263 | number of Cited : 6
    The purpose of this research is to final out empirically the relationships between public relations and crisis cognition and management in the city of Daegu. A nother purpose is to analyze how the public's attachment symbolic and behavioral relationships on administrative organization will affect crisis recognition and management when crisis occurs in administrative organizations. We analyzed the public's attachment relationship factors on administrative organization to figure out how these factors would effect the public's perception of management(seriousness, responsibility, ability to cope) and of crisis in administrative organization. A offline survey was conducted to gauge exposure to Daegu’s crisis and to measure the public's crisis perceptions. After analyzing 311 survey results that the familarity/attachment variables had a positive effect on the ability to overcome crisis variables. This study has shown the possibility that administrative organization and attachment (the public's emotional relationship) factor in the PR study can be applied to the research of crisis. Further study of crisis needs to be pursued to consider the attachment relationship factor as well as behavioral and symbolic relationship variables. This paper observes how local governance PR has been and should be working together with professional, personal and community relationship management in Daegu. We have noted complications regarding Daegu’s government needing to revise its monitoring system, citizen response system, citizen proposal system, ombudzman system, citizen participation system etc.
  • 11.

    Interactions between BSC and Korean Administrative Organizational Cultures: A Comparative Analysis between Busan and Bucheon.

    강윤호 | 2010, 21(2) | pp.265~297 | number of Cited : 9
    The paper tries to analyze the patterns of the interactions between BSC and administrative organizational cultures of Korea, and also tries to find the BSC system and its theories that are appropriate to Korean administration. The paper describes the comparative analysis between Busan Metropolitan City and Bucheon City. The data for the analysis were collected through telephone interviews of employees in the two cities. The analysis provides the specific patterns of the interactions - cultural impact effects and cultural consistency effects - that arise between the BSC and Korean administrative cultures. It also suggests the BSC system and the theories for the system that are appropriate to the Korean administrative cultures - collectivism, authoritarianism, and favoritism - and/or the Korean administrative characteristics - rank classification, position rotation system, and bureaucratic formalism.
  • 12.

    New Methodology for Organizational Performance and Change : Appreciative Inquiry

    정종원 , Lee, Jong-Won | 2010, 21(2) | pp.299~321 | number of Cited : 14
    Recent organizational innovations and performance improvement in the public sector have been predisposed towards deficit-oriented, problem-diagnosis-oriented, and problem-solving- oriented approaches. These approaches, however, do not fully provide fundamental, sustainable strategy for organizational performance and change. Appreciative Inquiry, developed by David Cooperrider, suggests new organizational learning methodology for sustainable organizational change with collaborative, constructive, and participatory approach of positive inquiry. That is, Appreciative Inquiry is a powerful organizational change methodology through self-fulfilling learning and positive dialogue of members regarding their future value, not deficits and problems
  • 13.

    행정사례연구 접근방법으로서 근거이론의 전망과 한계

    Kim Junhyun | 2010, 21(2) | pp.323~343 | number of Cited : 22
    This paper introduces the grounded theory for theory building in the Korean public administration and policy studies. Many scholars have criticized the methodological tendency to emphasize quantitative and statistical techniques frequently in Korea. However, case study, representative non-quantitative research method, has still been one of the major approaches in Korean public administration and policy studies. It means the real task in Korean public administration and policy studies is not the methodological tendency towards quantitative approaches, but the lack of new theory, From this perspective what needs to develop the theory should be the methodological approaches or means to do theory building. In this paper, Grounded Theory is introduced and evaluated about its strengths and limits for building or supporting public administration and policy theories. G rounded theory and its methodology are expected to help find and develop a new hypotheses concerning the Korean public sector, and it will be a helpful development in Korean public administration and policy studies.
  • 14.

    A Study on the Satisfactory Factors of Social Welfare Services

    Song Keon-Sup , 정미용 | 2010, 21(2) | pp.345~369 | number of Cited : 4
    There are a lot of factors which influence on the satisfacttion of social welfare services. For example, there is the satisfaction of the application system and delivery systems in this field. This thesis shows the implications of a study of the correlation analysis with the general social welfare services and the quality of life. For this study, an experience survey was conducted based on reciept of basic living security in Daegu metropolitan city. Next, an analysis of reliability and multiple correlation analysis was made using the experience survey results. The analysis showed that all factors (social welfare delivery system, life environment, supporting system, basic guarantee security system and selecting and management factors of these systems), influenced the satisfaction of the social welfare system and quality of life. In addition, it showed that social welfare also affects quality of life. Therefore, there is a need to improvement overall welfare services, standard of living and recipient management of basic living security system to improve satisfaction of quality of life.
  • 15.

    The Analysis of Job Characteristic of Rehabilitation Center Employee for the Disabled on Organizational Commitment

    Ju, Hyo-Jin , Hae-Suk Lee , 조주연 | 2010, 21(2) | pp.371~399 | number of Cited : 20
    The purpose of this study is to seek ways for sustainable development of organizations that provide welfare services to the disabled. This study investigated job characteristics of rehabilitation center employees for the disabled on organizational commitment composed of affective commitment, continuance commitment and normative commitment. Findings indicated job feedback, task significance and autonomy were positively related to affective commitment and job feedback was positively related to continuance commitment. Also, this study showed job feedback, task significance were positively related to normative commitment. In addition, this study reveals gender and career among the demographic variables have an effect on organizational commitment.