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2011, Vol.21, No.4

  • 1.

    The Influence of Organizational Justice and Career Plateau Perceptions on Organizational Effectiveness.

    Park, SoonAe , Sun-Kyeong Jeong | 2011, 21(4) | pp.1~23 | number of Cited : 26
    This study aims to investigate the effects of organizational justice including perceptions of compensation and promotion on career plateau, job commitment, and intention to turnover, based on a case study of a public corporation. In a survey questionnaire, 485 out of 1,278 employees responded and 417 cases without missing data were analyzed using structural equation models (SEMs). There were several key findings. First, satisfaction with procedural justice appears to have positive effects on compensation and promotion satisfaction, but negative effects on career plateau. However, satisfaction with promotion was found to have no statistically significant effects on career plateau when rank and length-of-service is controlled. Second, the length-of-service shows no statistically significant effect on public service motivation (PSM) and career plateau. In contrast, rank has a positive effect on procedural justice and PSM, but a negative effect on career plateau. Third, SEM results show that career plateau is the core factor for having a negative effect on job involvement: the stronger the dissatisfaction with career plateau, the higher the intention to turnover. In addition, PSM was found to have positive effects on job commitment and negative effects on the intention to turnover. Overall the results of the present study implies that it is important to utilize economic incentives, such as compensation, in order to enhance the efficiency of public organizations, but its success or failure depends on capabilities in cultivating employee PSM and resolving dissatisfaction with procedural justice and career plateau.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Job Stress and Job Satisfaction of Disabled Employees: Focusing on the Effect of Social Support

    JI SOOK YANG , 이수연 , Kum, Hyunsub | 2011, 21(4) | pp.25~48 | number of Cited : 27
    This study aims to analyze the relationship between job stress and job satisfaction of disabled employees. Especially, it examines whether social support including specific aids or services from others moderates the impact of job stress from work environment, role demand, and organizational justice on job satisfaction. The empirical results based on the data from Panel Survey of Employment for the Disabled(PSED) during the years of 2008 to 2009 show that social supports could alleviate or exacerbate the impact of job stress on job satisfaction while job stress itself has negative effects. These bifurcated effects of social support depend on the type of job stressors; for instance, social support seems to have buffering effect when the stress stems from work environment while reverse-buffering effect is found when the stress is related to the role demand and organizational justice. This suggests that it is important to consider the sources of job stress when social support is designed and provided in order to increase the job satisfaction of disabled employees.
  • 3.

    Welfare reform and changes in the party structure of Germany : a review of the past 10 years

    Kim Seong Soo | 2011, 21(4) | pp.49~72 | number of Cited : 5
    This paper dealt with German welfare policy reforms and their consequential impact on the party structure through election. It analysed three governments between 1998 and the present: firstly, the social democratic and green party coalition (1998-2005); secondly, the grand coalition of the conservative and social democratic parties (2005-2009); lastly, the conservative and liberal party coalition (2009-present). The traditional German welfare system has difficulty in keeping up with globalization, aging society, knowledge-based economy and changing family structure with the problem of increasing financial deficits. To reshape welfare system, the social democratic party introduced Agenda 2010 and Hartz Reforms (including tax cuts and less labour market protection) in order to improve economic growth and thus reduce unemployment. The neo-liberal reform by the social democratic left party shows that German politics have entered a new era of restructuring conventional system in terms of state and individual responsibility, voter's preferences and five party constellations etc. The outcome will suggest a new perspective for understanding modern Western politics.
  • 4.

    Does E-Government Web Site Usage Enhance Policy Literacy?

    Choi, Yeon Tae , Park, SangIn | 2011, 21(4) | pp.73~98 | number of Cited : 40
    Based on the Citizen Perception Survey Data of The Knowledge Center for Public Administration and Policy in 2009, this paper empirically examines whether e-government Web site usage affects policy literacy which is often considered as a prerequisite for deliberative democracy. Our regression analysis shows that central e-government Web site usage has positive and significant influences on policy literacy. The paper also find that the frequency of offline contact experiences with government units, discussion of government-related issues, the degree of civic activities and election participation significantly enhance policy literacy as well.
  • 5.

    Critical Review on Academic Writing in Korean Public Administration

    Kwon, Hae-Soo | 2011, 21(4) | pp.99~118 | number of Cited : 3
    Despite the longstanding significant status Korean Public Administration has had in the Korean society, the Korean Public Administration has not been responding to the changes in Korean Social Sciences or Humanities. With only the mainstream in concern, it has been blatantly following the trend in academia of dismissing the minority. The mainstream of Korean Public Administration has been influenced more by the deep-rooted hierarchism and factionalism of Korean society rather than its academic propensity. This paper seeks the reason for the crisis in Korean Public Administration from excessive Eurocentrism and criticizes the rise of intellectual colonialism from this indulgence. In other words, the westernization of academic criticism, analysis of Korea based on western theories, marginalization of Korean reality with Eurocentrism, and preference of American doctorates for employing professors are the some of the outcomes from Eurocentrism. This paper compares the alternatives of fundamental and realistic approaches to show that the academic identity and dependency relate to critical writing, proposing a humanistic and more balanced approach to public administration and more concentration on Korean society and public administration.
  • 6.

    A Study on the relationships between the perception of justice in the public personnel management and labor union commitment

    Jung Jae-Myung | 2011, 21(4) | pp.119~147 | number of Cited : 9
    This study is designed to empirically examine the relationships between a perception of justice(procedural justice, distribution justice, and interaction justice) in public personnel management and the union commitment, using a structural equation modeling. In order to do this study, the superior trust and the organizational trust are used as parameters. The study found that the perception for justice in the public personnel management have positive effects to both values of the organizational trust and the superior trust. Moreover, this study shows that superior trust is positively related to organizational trust. Finally. the perception of procedural justice, distribution justice, and interaction justice in the public personnel management is positively related to union commitment, mediated to superior trust and organizational trust as a parameter.
  • 7.

    A Study on Dual Commitment of Public Servants : parallel models approach

    Jongsup Paek | 2011, 21(4) | pp.149~174 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to examine dual commitment of public employees by using the analytical method of Parallel Models Approach. A questionnaire was given to the sampled groups of public employees(both Central Government and Metropolitan City). Questionnaires were sent to 1, 735 organized public employees engaged in several unions. 1, 028 out of 1, 735 questionnaire distributed were collected. The statistical analysis were done on SPSS and five statistical methods: Mean analysis, Factor analysis, Reliability analysis, Correlation analysis and Multiple Regression. Six independent variables were used to find the Dual Commitment: Job Satisfaction, Leadership, Union Satisfaction, Relationship between Management and Union, the Perception of Top Management to the Union, and Individual Characteristics. Organizational Commitment and Union Commitment were used Dependent Variables. According to the analysis, the Dual Commitment variables were Union Satisfaction and Task Traits.
  • 8.

    The effects of the National Basic Livelihood Security System on income and consumption

    박상현 , 최하정 | 2011, 21(4) | pp.175~213 | number of Cited : 13
    The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the National Basic Livelihood Security System (NBLSS) guarantee the minimum standard of living or not by analyzing how it has an effect on income and consumption. Matched Double Difference Analysis is used as a research method to compare the changes of income and consumption between recipients, the experimental group, and non-recipients, the control group. The main findings are as follow. First, the reduction effect of earned income can be seen in the both cases of the new and existing recipients comparing to the control group. Secondly, the amount of income and consumption of recipients increased without considering non-recipients. However, when it comes to compare with non-recipients which has a similar features to recipients, the effects of income and consumption growth can be hardly found. Lastly, the amount of consumption spending of recipients is lower than non-recipients on the more detailed expenditure categories. Based on these findings, this study argues that the NBLSA cannot guarantee the minimum standard of living of recipients. Therefore, it is essential that increasing the minimum cost of living to improve the quality of life to guarantee the minimum standard of living of recipients. In addition, the benefit system should also be changed for recipients who actually have work capability to support the economic rehabilitation by labor.
  • 9.

    Evaluating the Efficiency of the Library Services of National Universities in Korea: A Parametric Distance Function Approach

    Yoo, Keum-Rok | 2011, 21(4) | pp.215~235 | number of Cited : 3
    Using the parametric distance function approach, this study analyzed the efficiency, its determinants and the returns-to-scale of twenty-four national universities in Korea in 2008. The empirical results show that there are large differences in technical efficiency among university libraries. The mean and standard deviation of the efficiency scores of national university libraries are 73.48% and 26.16%, respectively. University budget, the number of students, the number of university employees, and the number of registered library staffs don't have any significant effects on efficiency, while the number of faculty has a negative influence on efficiency at the 5% significance level. In addition, it was found that inefficient libraries operate in the region of decreasing returns to scale.
  • 10.

    The Big Questions of Identity Crisis of Korean Public Administration

    Kim, Heung-Hoi | 2011, 21(4) | pp.237~261 | number of Cited : 5
    This study tries to differentiate from the previous research which has focused on the derivative or symptomatic problems by shedding light on the root or fundamental questions of the identity crisis of public administration. The fundamental perils of American Public Administration include the schizophrenia, ahistoricity, technical instrumentality, and conservativeness stemming from founding legacy of politics-administration dichotomy. The agony of Korean public administration lies in the embedded nature of duplicate problems of American public administration when the idiosyncratic theories and institutions are planted on a foreign soil. The discontinuity and distortion of Korean public administration from Japanese colonial experience and Western influence in modern Korean history have reinforced the projected dilemmas of American public administration on Korean setting and paralylized our ability to keep Korean identity in administrative theory and practices. Policy suggestions and research questions have been developed to deal with the root and other derivative questions of Korean Public Administration.
  • 11.

    The Evaluation of Gyeonggi-Do's Sustainability by Ecological Footprint Analysis

    Han, Soon-Keum , Dong Hoon Lee , 오수길 | 2011, 21(4) | pp.263~282 | number of Cited : 3
    Despite many sustainable development indicators have been developed, there are no indicators which can grasp a result of the interaction many human activities affect on nature at a glance. I'll would be introduced the ecological footprint as a sustainability management tool based on the Earth's carrying capacity to present the baseline of sustainability. The initial methodology was introduced in Korea in the form of land productivity is not thinking about the difference. The latest methodology considered of productivity by applying the concept of yield factor and equivalent factor of land type. This paper introduce Ecological footprint as the regional sustainability management tool, which is proposed by the Global Footprint Network and simplified to ease.
  • 12.

    Examining the Determinants of Civil Service Reform in U.S. State Governments

    김정인 | 2011, 21(4) | pp.283~311 | number of Cited : 0
    What drives changes in states’ civil services? What determines civil service reform extent and intensity? This study attempts to answer these questions through finding key factors of major determinants for the civil service reform movement across 50 states since the 1990s. Based on empirical research, some previous studies (e.g., Coggburn 2001) found that state human resource management deregulation was significantly influenced by public employee unionism, political party control, and administrative professionalism. Although Hays and Sowa (2006a) found some variations of changes in state civil service systems through telephone surveys of state offices of human resource management (OHRs), the study conducted a qualitative cross-sectional analysis, and it could not find significant causal relationships between factors that might drive civil service reform and reform extent. Employing data collected by various sources, such as the Council of State Government and the U.S. Census Bureau, this paper examined what factors influence the extent of civil service reforms and reform intensity. More specifically, the present study attempted to find the influence of political, managerial, and socioeconomic environments on civil service reform by utilizing longitudinal data analysis between FY 1991 and FY 2006. Results showed that political environment, especially governors’ characteristics, is critical in terms of the extent of civil service reform, and managerial and socioeconomic environments (e.g., union density, demographic characteristics of state population) are important determinants of reform intensity across the United States.
  • 13.

    Analysis on Effect of REG(Regional Economy Growth) Through STI(Scientific Technology Infrastructures) And ILQ(Industrial Location Quotient)

    임채홍 , 함요상 , Kim Jung-Yul | 2011, 21(4) | pp.313~346 | number of Cited : 13
    The aim of this study is to analyze how the regional location quotient(industry-specific level) or diversity, and also scientific technology infrastructure can affect regional economic growth with the data from 1995 to 2005 of metropolitan cities and provinces. As a results, First of all, the regional economic growth can be seen depends on the degree of industrial specialization. Moreover, while specifically R&D funding and the number of patents among scientific technology infrastructure have a positive effect (+) on regional economic growth, the universities located in each local have a negative effect (-). At last, the more the amount of human resources(economically active population) and material resources(income of local taxes) are enough, the more the level of average GRDP increase. Based on these outcomes, this study discusses the theoretical, methodological and policy implications about the field related to the regional economy and development.
  • 14.

    Taking 'Control Variables" Seriously in Corruption Research: Estimating the effects of respondents' socioeconomic characteristics and policy evaluation on their general perceptions of corruption.

    Kim, Junseok , Jinman Cho , EOM,KI HONG | 2011, 21(4) | pp.347~375 | number of Cited : 24
    Corruption perceptions measures that are based on public opinion survey with sophisticated sampling methods, have been widely used in field of corruption studies over decades as proxies for the state of corruption. Past research however has failed to distinguish the difference between the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist in public mind and the degree of corruption in a society. Further they tended to underestimate the importance of response variations about corruption perceptions in survey research with the political, economic, and institutional environment controlled. What makes survey respondents perceive the same state of corruption differently and can we find any patterns of their perception in terms of socio-economic characteristics? This article improves our understanding of these questions by exploring factors upon the degree to which corruption is perceived to each respondent. This article construct an empirical model to test the effects of respondents' socio-economic characteristics and corruption perception about specific policy arena on the general perception of corruption in a society. Using a couple of corruption surveys in 2004 and 2006 and a ordered logistic regression method, this article finds that a respondent's age, job, education, income factors influence how his general perception of corruption is shaped. The younger a respondent is, she is more likely to evaluate the state of corruption negatively. Those who are rich tend to be more insensitive to the state of corruption. Also, a respondent's evaluation on tax and civil engineering and construction administration influence have strong impact on the degree to which corruption is perceived to him while the effects of those on police, education, and court are rather minimal.
  • 15.

    The Organizational Character and Change Management Using MBTI Personality Type

    Park, Young Mi | 2011, 21(4) | pp.377~399 | number of Cited : 13
    In the highly competitive environment that we live, some organizations manage to continue to grow and be prosperous while others fail. One of the fundamental reasons for this is found in the different characters that are unique to each and every organization. An organization continues to adapt to it's environment and circumstances by creating appropriate forms of conduct and systems that enable it to achieve it's goals and objectives. Every organization has it's own unique character that has been developed over time. The purpose of this study is to identify the type of organizational personality using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator(MBTI)'s classification scheme, and to suggest the direction of change management. For this purpose, 220 personnel rate their own organizational character using thirty-six items for Organizational Character Index(OCI). The subjects are from 186 male/female employees who work at public health centers in Jeonnam Province. The organizational character is as follows: The major decision making style is ST(65.1%), and action style EJ(42.5%). In relation to the 16 MBTI types, the most frequent type is ESTJ(33.3%). Based on the results, the implications of these findings, limitations and directions for future research are discussed.
  • 16.

    A Study on the Cultural Archetypes in Cultural Policy

    김민주 | 2011, 21(4) | pp.401~431 | number of Cited : 7
    There are a lot of attempts to preserve cultural archetypes in Korea. However, in-depth research or analysis on policy of cultural archetype has not been conducted. In particular, the concept of cultural archetype has not been defined in terms of policy perspective so that a few programs overlap with mutuality. Considering the fact that many policies related to building cultural archetypes also consume tax money and the amount is increasing, it is necessary to understand and evaluate the current situation. Thus, this article aims to clarify the concept of cultural archetype, research the cases, and suggest some implications with responsiveness and collaboration in public administration. Because various programs for building cultural archetype have been largely implemented in the field of folk culture, this paper focuses on the cases of folk culture policies. Three types of concepts and cases are analyzed and compared with their budget and performance results during the last ten-year period.
  • 17.

    The Scope, Locus, and Method of Comparative Regulatory Studies

    Choe,Shin-Yung | 2011, 21(4) | pp.433~461 | number of Cited : 3
    This study evaluates the contribution of Korean researchers who studied regulatory policy from comparative perspective to acquisition and retention of knowledge on regulation by analyzing the scope, focus and methodologies empirically. The results shows that it needs more rigorous endeavor to meet the academic and practical demands in terms of quantity as well as quality. A few implications for future research are as follows. First, interdisciplinary studies among public administration, economics, and legal studies should be encouraged to expand theoretical orientation and knowledge exchange. Second, it needs to diversify the scope of comparison into other policy areas as well as various issue areas including comparative regulatory reform, regulatory impact analysis, and self-regulation. Third, more efforts should be delivered on indigenous theorizing and meta-theorizing rather than focusing policy prescriptions. It also needs to be encouraged to include middle range analytical units like regions, institutions, and groups in addition to nation-states. And finally, excessive dependence on qualitative methodology over quantitative methods needs to be compromised to enhance the methodological unbalance between them as the future challenges in addition to encouraging more rigorous comparative regulatory researches.
  • 18.

    Direction for Establishing a PR Strategy of Army Recruitment Using AHP Analysis: Focused on Marine Corps

    Shin Hyon Tai , 유근환 | 2011, 21(4) | pp.463~488 | number of Cited : 1
    The effects of a declining birth rate and the aging of society, the armed forces also have been facing stiff competition of recruiting young talent and developing a public relation strategy of recruitment. In these situations, this study focused on to derive a new PR strategy of recruitment especially in Marine Corps. At first, the PR strategies of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces and U.S. Marine Corps were investigated. Second, the PR strategy of ROK Marine Corps was divided into four phases: Plan, Do, Check, and Act. This four phases were applied to an expert group and analyzed using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method to establish priorities of the PR strategy. Finally, the main factors affecting the PR strategy of ROK Marine Corps were identified and the implications were indicated.
  • 19.

    The Analysis on the Policy Change Process of the Total Industrial Site Volume Control System through ACF

    신용배 , 전진석 | 2011, 21(4) | pp.489~512 | number of Cited : 9
    This study analyzed the policy change process of the Total Industrial Site Volume Control System (TISVCS) through the Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) modified by Sabatier in 2007 as an analytical framework. It was introduced in the amended Capital Region Aligned Planning Legislation of 1994 in order to control effectively the concentration of population and economy in the Capital Region. This study explored the stable parameters and the dynamic variables, actors of pro-and con-advocacy coalitions within TISVCS sub-systems, policy intermediaries, and policy outcomes by the past separate government from President Young-Sam Kim to President Myung-Bak Lee. This study confirmed that the policy of TISVCS has been deregulated gradually passing through four governments. It was thus understood that our society does tend to put the economic efficiency (the unbalanced growth) which is a theoretical foundation of deregulation on the Capital region before the social equity (the balanced growth) which becomes the theoretical basis of regulation on it.