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2013, Vol.24, No.2

  • 1.

    Trends of Public Administration Studies in Korean Society and Public Administration, 1990-2012

    Young-Jin Yoon | 2013, 24(2) | pp.1~29 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to examine research trends, and research topics and methods in particular, in Korean Society and Public Administration, the official academic journal of the Seoul Association for Public Administration, from 1990 to 2012. The contention that public administration should be indigenized and Koreanized is reviewed from a critical point of view before research trends are analyzed. The results of the comprehensive trends analysis are as follows: First, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of published articles in the new millennium compared to the 1990s. Second, a wide range of subjects have been covered since 2000, particularly when contrasted with the narrow range of subjects covered in the 1990s. Third, the most popular research areas in the published articles include public policy, local administration, organizations, public personnel, and public budgeting. When it comes to specific subjects, the most popular are the environment, social welfare, e-government, and public service. Fourth, each research area has tendencies to favor particular research methods. Research focusing on organizations, public personnel, public service, administrative ethics, and culture tends to employ quantitative methods more, while research on public policy, local administration, the environment, e-government, NGOs, and administrative reform tends to utilize qualitative techniques. Finally, a greater variety of statistical techniques can be found in studies published after the year 2000.
  • 2.

    The Trends and Challenges of Public Policy Studies in Korean Society and Public Administration

    Joon Keum Jung | 2013, 24(2) | pp.31~61 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to examine the research trends of public policy studies in Korean Society and Public Administration, and to suggest directions and tasks for future study. A total of 150 published papers are analyzed, and the findings reveal that a large number of studies have suggested policy alternatives to a range of social problems. However, the previous have shortcomings, in terms of meeting social obligations, from both empirical and prescriptive perspectives. The results of the analysis are as follows: First, the interdisciplinary character of public policy research should be strengthened in order to facilitate academic exchange and produce more robust research. Second, while 67 out of 150 papers proposed policy alternatives, greater attention is required in order to make these achievable in reality. Third, considering the fact that the majority of the papers are based upon qualitative analysis, greater attention should be given to quantitative methods. Fourth, in regard to the policy process, more research is required on the agenda setting and policy implementation stages. Fifth, empirical research activity must be strengthened in the field of policy decision-making research. Lastly, we should discuss ways to encourage research on 'local areas'. Taking into account the national distribution of Seoul Association for Public Administration members, it seems that the amount of research on local areas is insufficient.
  • 3.

    Analyzing the Trends of Administrative Culture & Organizational Studies in Korean Society and Public Administration, 1990-2013

    Park, Kwang Kook | KYUNGJIN CHAE | 2013, 24(2) | pp.63~85 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The main objective of this study is to analyze trends in Korean Society and Public Administration from 1990 to 2013. Among the 905 articles published, 123 are related to the topic of administrative culture and organizational studies. Trends in these articles are analyzed through recording the number of papers relating to organizational studies, the research topic, research settings, research design type, and research methods. The analysis reveals that the number of organizational studies has increased dramatically, and that there has been a paradigm shift in the topic, settings, design type, and methods of research since the year 2000. The implications of the analysis are discussed, and suggestions are made for the development of Korean Society and Public Administration.
  • 4.

    Trends in Public Personnel Administration Research: An Empirical Analysis of Articles Published in Korean Society and Public Administration, 1990-2012

    Jongsup Paek | 2013, 24(2) | pp.87~101 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the contents of 102 papers published in Korean Society and Public Administration over twenty-two years: 1990 to 2012. To this end, the present study utilizes a classification system based on 13 categories, according to research theme. Each category is further analyzed in terms of research quantity, period, government, research method, research focus, and funding. The results show that performance evaluation is the most researched theme. Each category is further analyzed in terms of government, statistical methods, practical problem solving focus, and whether the research was funded.
  • 5.

    Trends in Studies on Fiscal Administration: An Analysis of Papers Published in Korean Society and Public Administration

    MOON, KWAGNMIN | 2013, 24(2) | pp.103~123 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The aim of this paper is to explicate trends in studies of fiscal administration published in Korean Society and Public Administration. Three main trends are identified. First, the number of fiscal administration studies grew from the 1990s, reaching a peak in the mid 2000s, before decreasing. Second, the majority of studies focus on the local level of government. Third, there are more studies on the budgeting process than about fiscal revenue or financial management. In particular, there are few studies on financial management and settlement of accounts and auditing. These trends are identified by keyword analysis, and by classifying studies according to method of analysis. On the basis of the findings, prospects and tasks for the future of fiscal administration are discussed, and suggestions are made regarding the direction of future research.
  • 6.

    Research Trends in the Field of Local Government and Administration: An Analysis of Articles Published in Korean Society and Public Administration, 1991-2012

    Ha, Hyue Su | Choi, Young-chool | 2013, 24(2) | pp.125~151 | number of Cited : 27
    Abstract
    This study explicates research trends in the field of local government and administration through the analysis of 132 papers published in Korean Society and Public Administration between 1991 and 2012. Along with traditional methods of classification, Network Text Analysis is used to identify and analyze the individual and relational attributes of words occurring in each paper. The analysis results may be summarized as follows. First, the most prevalent areas of research include performance evaluation, internal administrative management, and inter-governmental relations. Second, between 1990 and 1999, inter-governmental relations (decentralization), local finance, and performance evaluation attracted the most academic attention, whereas between 2000 and 2012, there was more interest in internal organizational management and citizen participation, and inter-governmental relations and decentralization. Third, in terms of research methodology, literature reviews have tended to dominate, while there have been fewer international comparative analyses. However, from 2000 onwards, the number of published papers employing statistical analysis and/or case studies has increased. In addition, the proportion of papers associated with policy orientation, and particularly policy diagnosis and suggestions, has increased over time. This suggests that the journal, tasked with diagnosing administrative conditions and practices and putting forward policy alternatives, has been fulfilling its academic mission. Finally, it may be noted that endeavors to examine and apply theories developed internationally have been rare, indicating an area where improvements can be made in studies of local administration so as to better meet both academic and practical needs.
  • 7.

    Trends in the Study of e-Government: An Analysis of Korean Society and Public Administration

    Jinwoo Jeong | 2013, 24(2) | pp.153~175 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Based on the analysis of 62 articles about e-government in Korean Society And Public Administration, the authors identify three important trends, which have implications for the improvement of e-Government study in Korea. First, regarding subject, there is a tendency to focus on themes such as e-business, outsourcing, and regulation. Therefore, there is a need to deal with the subjects which would bring changes to Korean government such as e-participation and transparency. Second, as to methodology, qualitative methods such as literature analysis are used in the large majority of studies. This approach could be complimented by in-depth interviews, in order to offer a clearer explanation. Third, as to type, the cases of joint research have decreased. As such, this study advises encouraging co-authorship, and interdisciplinary cooperation in particular.
  • 8.

    Research Trends of Public Service in Korea

    In Kim | 2013, 24(2) | pp.177~210 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract
    This study analyzes research trends in articles on public service which were published in seven journals including Korean Society and Public Administration. The research findings are as follows. First, there was generally little interest in research on public service in the 1990s, but since 2002 there has been a gradual increase in research in this area, with more than 30 articles published about public service in 2012. However, the share of those articles published in Korean Society and Public Administration remains relatively small. Second, most articles about public service focus on the fields of public health and human services, followed by general management and theory. By specific field of research, 28.5% focus on social welfare and labor, 7.3% on the police, and 3.4% on public health and medicine. Third, 221 articles (64.6%) use empirical and positivist approaches, while 95 (27.8%) use practical and prescriptive approaches, and 26 (7.6%) use normative approaches. Research propensity was a little strong, which suggests that the associations need to change the academic atmosphere to achieve more balanced research. Fourth, the behavioral approach was used most often to study public service (25.7%), followed by the new institutional approach (25.7%). Fifth, the most common subject was the performance of public service including effectiveness and consequences, followed by the efficiency of service provision, and institutional arrangements such as vouchers, contracts, and grants. Finally, researchers studying public service live and work in all areas of, and while only a few scholars concentrate on public service, other researchers study the topic as just one part of their wider work.
  • 9.

    An Analysis of Research Trends in the Welfare Administration Field

    Soo Jung Go | Kim, Soon Yang | 2013, 24(2) | pp.211~234 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to examine trends in articles on welfare administration, published in Korean Society and Public Administration from the first issue in 1990 through 2012. While a total of 863 articles were published in the given period, 70 social welfare-related articles were selected for further investigation, which used network text analysis. The results reveal a rapid increase in the number of published articles on welfare administration from the Roh, Moo-hyun government onwards. The same time period has also seen increased emphasis on client-centered research. When it comes to the network text analysis, the KrKwic program was used to analyze the centrality of research keywords. ‘Welfare’ was set as a central axis, while ‘policy’, ‘female’, ‘social insurance system’, ‘welfare expenditure’, and ‘quality of service’ were set as small central axes. In terms of presidential regimes, the period of the Kim Dae-jung government saw the emergence of female-focused research and studies about the welfare paradigm. Meanwhile, during the Roh, Moo-hyun government, the second central axis was ‘social’, and the main topics were the quality of social services, welfare facilities, and child care services. During the period of the Lee Myung-bak government, the central research keyword changed to ‘society’, and researches began to appear about multi-culturalism, especially multi-cultural families and female immigrants.
  • 10.

    An Evaluation of Environmental Administration Studies: The Trends and Characteristics of Articles Published in Korean Society and Public Administration since the 1990s

    김창수 | 2013, 24(2) | pp.235~256 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study explores the trends and characteristics of environmental administrative studies in Korea since the 1990s, focusing on articles published in Korean Society and Public Administration. In total, 74 articles published in Korean Society and Public Administration are reviewed, along with 82 articles published in Korean Public Administration Review. These articles are categorized according to the following six study subjects: administrative theories, organization and management, policy determinants, administrative structures, policy participants and networks, and institutions. Even though the study of environmental administration has made rapid progress in terms of both quality and quantity since the 1990s, further studies are still required on issues such as soil, noise and vibration distress. Korean researchers on environmental administration have also tended to pay less attention to international environmental issues like the sand dust problem and international environmental norms. As such, this study suggests that there is a need for further research on issues including environmental philosophy, global environmental problems, environmental industries promotion, tradable permit systems, and dispute resolution institutions.
  • 11.

    An Analysis and Prospect of Research Issues about Korean Cultural Policy: Based on the Contributed Papers on Korean Society and Public Administration 30 Years

    Seo Sun-Bok | 2013, 24(2) | pp.257~273 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    The goal of this study is to retrospectively analyze the papers related cultural administration and cultural policy inserted in Korean Society and Public Administration published by Seoul Association for Public Administration and make a prospect on future cultural policy study. The study trend of the papers contributed in the Korean Society and Public Administration about for 30 years highlights the relevance of the study to the special subjects including multi-culturalism, cultural facilities and festivals. Particularly, the papers related to the multi-culturalism or cultural diversity are far more. That is it is 9 papers(25%) of 36 whole culture-related papers. The number of the papers inserted in 1990s with regard to the culture is only two papers, however, in 2000s, it is possible to see that the papers over two pieces at least every year were inserted except for two years. When prospecting the analysis method of the study papers regarding culture, a quantitative paper occupied about 65% and a qualitative paper occupied about 25%. The science of cultural policy has a multidisciplinary attribute included in various learning field. When extending a study-interested field of the future and considering the value oriented tendency of the Seoul Association for Public Administration supporting the accuracy and naturalization of policy study, it is thought that it is desirable to accomplish an accuracy study of Western culture policy theory and policy cases in the Korean style context and try to make an amalgamative study with other study in the convergence era situation. In the future, it is expected that a joint study of culture policy papers will be done between the activist who accumulated experiences in the culture and art field and the public servant and scholars who are in charge of a cultural policy. Also, in the study methodology, it is necessary to try to accomplish various qualitative study methods as well as a quantitative approach for various subjects regarding cultural policy.
  • 12.

    Research Trend Analysis of NGO Studies in Korean Society and Public Administration

    Haesoo Kwon | 2013, 24(2) | pp.275~289 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Korean Society and Public Administration has published 27 NGO-related papers, which account for only 3.2% of the total number of papers published. Prior to the year 2000, approximately one paper per year was published, for a total of 10 papers. From 2001 to 2004, approximately two papers were published annually, but since 2005, the annual number of published NGO studies has fallen back to one paper. Amongst the published studies, nine papers concentrated on NGO growth and activities, seven focused on NGO - government relations, and another seven studied government support. Korean Society and Public Administration’ NGO research is competitive in terms of quantity, but the journal has failed to differentiate itself. To remedy this, an effort is needed to analyze and compare the development of Korea-specific NGOs and civil organizations. Moreover, though quantitative research has made progress in recent years, a more balanced approach is required.
  • 13.

    Research Trends on Administrative Ethics in Korea, 1967-2011

    윤태범 | 2013, 24(2) | pp.291~317 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract
    This study analyses articles on administrative ethics, which were published in four major Korean public administration journals from 1967 to 2011. Administrative ethics is a fundamental field of research in public administration, and so trend analysis in this area may help us to understand the discipline more generally. For a systematic analysis, this study utilizes criteria established by Cooper (2001) and Frederickson and Walling (2001) in their analyses of administrative ethics in the US. A total of 55 articles on administrative ethics were published, which represents 2.1% of the entire 4,393 articles published in the four major journals. While 55 articles are experience-centered, 35 are primarily conceptual in nature. Articles dealing with organizational context make up 39.6% of the total. When it comes to the analytical focus, a comprehensive approach that includes individual, organizational, and environmental aspects was used in 38.5% of all articles, with 4.4% of the studies focusing on administrative culture. In the “knowledge sought” category, context-oriented articles explaining ethical standards and behavioral determinants made up 40.1% of the total. Finally, 61.5% of articles were based on a positivist approach. Future trend analyses of studies on administrative ethics should include papers presented at academic conferences in order to gain a more comprehensive understanding of research in this area.
  • 14.

    An Analysis of Comparative Studies Published in Korean Public Administration Journals

    Won-Ho Chai | 2013, 24(2) | pp.319~338 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This purpose of this article is to analyze trends in comparative administration studies. The analysis is based on a review of studies published in three major Korean public administration journals, which were classified according to their contents. The results reveal that until the early 1990s, studies mainly focused on comparisons with the advanced countries of North America and Europe. However, since the mid-1990s comparisons with Asia (Japan in particular), and Oceania began to increase. In terms of the specific objects of comparison, from a total of 261 papers, policy studies was most popular with 61 papers, followed by regime and governance studies (44 papers), urban and local studies (38 papers), administrative reform studies (29 papers), and organization and personnel studies (28 papers).
  • 15.

    An Analysis of Regulation Research Trends in Korea, 1990-2012

    Lee, Min-chang | Choi, Seong Rak | 2013, 24(2) | pp.339~366 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    The volume of Korean research on regulatory policies has increased since 1990. In this period up until the present, there has been considerable theoretical development and changes in the nature of regulation research. The purpose of this study is to analyze tendencies and key features in regulation research, and to discuss future directions for regulation studies. A search for articles about regulation published between 1990 and 2012 was conducted in the five main academic journals in public policy and administration in Korea: Korean Public Administration Review, Korean Policy Studies Review, Korean Journal of Public Administration, Korean Society and Public Administration, and The Korea Public Administration Journal. The results of the analysis reveal that regulation research has become an important branch of public policy and administration. The majority of articles are written by single authors, rather than being the result of collaboration between several researchers. While research on social regulation has been conducted steadily, the number of studies on economic regulation has varied according to the time period. Finally, there is a need for more research on theoretical approaches to regulation.
  • 16.

    Trends in the Study of Administrative Reform: An Analysis of Papers Published in Korean Society and Public Administration

    Kim Tae Ryong | 2013, 24(2) | pp.367~390 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to conduct a comparative analysis of papers on administrative reform, which were published in Korean Society and Public Administration and Korean Public Administration Review from 1990 to 2012. To this end, the present study uses an analytical framework to classify papers into seven categories. The results of the analysis are as follows. First, the quantity of published papers is similar in both journals, the papers are authored by a relatively small group of scholars, and the majority focus on the Kim Dae-jung and Roh Moo-hyun administrations. Second, in terms of research methods, there are a greater number of qualitative than quantitative studies. Third, in terms of the subject and conceptual focus, theories and models of reform were discussed the most. In conclusion, it is difficult to pinpoint the differences between papers published in the two journals. In the coming years, Korean Society and Public Administration should concentrate on developing its own distinct identity and focus.
  • 17.

    Research Trends in Studies on the History of Public Administration

    Daehee Lee | 2013, 24(2) | pp.391~404 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Comparatively few articles published in Korea have focused on the history of public administration. The majority (64.8%) of these articles are concerned with the modern history of Korea since 1948, while 26.4% focus on the Joseon dynasty period. Most of the remaining studies examine the eras of the Japanese (5.5%) and American (2.1%) occupations. In terms of topic, public policy and policy making were most popular, followed by systems, institutions, philosophy, and public values. The Korean Public Administration History Review, a journal which specializes in the history of Korean public administration represents an exception however. Not only do the majority of its articles focus on the Joseon dynasty era (81.7%), but studies on public philosophy and values make up approximately half of the studies (50.5%), while 27.4% focus on institutions. In order to meet the potential of historical research on public administration, there is a need to vary the topics, expand time frames, undertake more inter-disciplinary research, educate young scholars, and expand government funding.
  • 18.

    The Current State of Research on Time Difference Perspective: Evaluating its Performance and Suggesting Tasks for Future Development

    Lee,See-Won | 2013, 24(2) | pp.405~435 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract
    Despite the fact that time is an indispensable factor in our lives, theoretical discussions on the meaning of time, and how to use the time variable to examine phenomena in public administration is limited. About ten years ago, a Korean researcher suggested using the time difference perspective (or time difference theory) in public policy and administration, and the approach has received considerable attention since then. The purpose of this study is to examine the current state of research using the time difference perspective in the fields of public administration and public policy, to evaluate its performance, and to suggest tasks for further development. During the past ten years, approximately 40 articles using the time difference perspective in various ways have been published. Analysis of these articles reveals that the time difference perspective has been of benefit to the study of phenomena in public policy and administration. Indeed, the time difference perspective is now included in many public policy and administration textbooks. However, as with other conceptual devices or theories, there are also limitations in the extent to which the time difference perspective can be applied to real research and used for policy prescription. Those concerned with the time difference perspective should try to further develop the approach, and use it more widely in the study of public policy and administration.
  • 19.

    A Study on the Participation of Local Autonomous Activities and Sense of Community: Based on the Survey of Citizens Who are Living in the Boundry of 4 Community Centers in Busan Metropolitan City

    Jaeho Seo | 2013, 24(2) | pp.437~459 | number of Cited : 35
    Abstract
    This paper analyzed the relationship between the participation of local community center and sense of community(SoC) based on local survey who lived in the jurisdiction of local community center of 4 community centers of busan metropolitan city. For study this paper categorized participation on the local community into citizen autonomous committee, local spontaneous organization, attendee of local community program and non-participation and surveyed SoC whose index were developed by McMillan et al(1986) of each participation groups. The results showed that membership, influence, integration and fulfillment of needs were significant. local spontaneous organization was highest in influence and integration and fulfillment of needs and local autonomous committee was highest in membership. Based on the results this paper proposed several implications; first, activily make leaders of local spontaneous organization participated in local autonomous committee. Second, develop various programs to promote SoC of committee member. Third, realize the rights and responsibility of the committee. Last, activate local community center programs to make more local citizen participated in the programs and cultivate SoC.
  • 20.

    An Empirical Study on the Relationships between Organizational Conflicts, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, and Job Satisfaction

    Cheong, Jong One | 2013, 24(2) | pp.461~482 | number of Cited : 21
    Abstract
    In recent years a number of studies have been conducted in the field of public administration with the aim of identifying the effects of internal and external factors on organizational performance. Nevertheless, these studies have tended to neglect organizational conflicts, which can occur in any organization. The purpose of this study is, therefore, to analyze the effects of organizational conflicts on two outcome factors which are crucial to the performance of public sector organizations: organizational citizenship behavior and job satisfaction. The results of the empirical analysis, which employs structural equation modeling, reveal both relationship and task conflicts to have negative effects on organizational citizenship behavior and job satisfaction.
  • 21.

    An Analysis of Change in the Korean Intellectual Property Administration System

    Lee Sun Young | 이종원 | 2013, 24(2) | pp.483~507 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This paper analyzes change in the Korean intellectual property administration system and problems which occurred following the establishment of the Presidential Council on Intellectual Property (PCIP). The analysis is based on in-depth interviews with officials from the PCIP and seven intellectual property-related ministries about effects of the new institutional setup. The results are as follows: Firstly, it turns out that although there have been no changes to the work system, there have been changes in the reporting system as intellectual property officials have been able to directly report to the President since the launch of the PCIP. Secondly, intellectual property officials reported that the PCIP has not had enough power relative to other institutions, nor enough able officials and independent authority. Thirdly, inter-agency conflict and sectionalism has not been reduced and still exists.
  • 22.

    Establishing the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning: The Evolution and Regression of the Government Science and Technology Structure

    Kim Seong Soo | 2013, 24(2) | pp.509~539 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract
    The Korean government structure for science and technology (S&T) has evolved from the early centralized form of the Ministry of Science and Technology to the current decentralized form, which delegates research and design tasks to related ministries. In response to the system differentiation, the National Council of Science and Technology (NSTC) was established to enhance the coordination over delegated activities and the research council system was also introduced for more autonomous management of government research institutes (GRIs). Over the last four decades, the evolution of the S&T system has led to differentiation and diversification of the executive ministries, institutionalization and specialization of the coordination mechanism, and increased autonomy and responsibility for GRIs. In 2013, the new government established the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (MSIP), which merged the Ministry of Science and Technology with the Ministry of Information and Communication. The MSIP can be seen as the return of the Ministry of Science and Technology, which had been abolished under the previous government, as well as the replacement of the NSTC, taking over its responsibility for the GRIs. This study reviews the major issues relating to the MSIP's launch, which were raised during the 2012 presidential election and following the actions of the government transition committee, and finds that the MSIP scheme is in some ways a regression of the Korean government’s S&T structure. The importance and future challenges of the MSIP, particularly its constitution and function, are discussed in light of the evolution of the Korean government’s S&T structure.
  • 23.

    Exploring the Determinants of Trust in the President and the Executive: Similarity and Differences

    Kim, Byung-kyu | Yi, Kon-Su | 2013, 24(2) | pp.541~566 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    This study explores the determinants of trust in the executive branch and the president, and the difference in the explanatory power of each determinant affecting the executive and the president. OLS and SUR are applied to analyze the equations. In the results, trust in the court, national assembly and society, national economy, and income level are positive factors influencing trust in the executive while trust in the press, the court, national assembly, society and constitutionalism, national economy, income level, age, supporting party, and governance assessment are positive determinants influencing trust in the president. Trust in civil organization and class perception are negative determinants on trust in the president. In addition, there is difference in the explanatory power of each determinant on the executive and the president.
  • 24.

    A Study on the Change of the Small-Medium Sized Enterprises Public Purchase Policy in Korea, applying the Multiple Streams Framework

    Lee Jae Moo | 2013, 24(2) | pp.567~592 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract
    The focus of this study is on improving the effectiveness of public procurement strategies promoting small and medium sized enterprises. The multiple streams framework (policy transformation) is applied to analyze variables in the process of changing the public procurement strategy. The results suggest that the president (policy entrepreneur) did not consider the main stream in opening the policy window, but rather made an arbitrary decision. The social environment was found to impact the policy entrepreneur who unilaterally offered strong support for the beliefs of an advocacy coalition. Therefore, this study offers suggestions for the management private contracts, including the introduction of both rewards and sanctions in order to improve the performance of the small and medium sized enterprise procurement strategy.
  • 25.

    A Study about Revisions to the Current Calculation Method for Local Share Tax

    이재호 | PYUN, SANG HOON | 2013, 24(2) | pp.593~615 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    It is a well-known fact that local share tax plays an important role in reducing the gaps in financial standings between local governments. Indeed, the current local share tax, and the ordinary local share tax in particular, has been designed so as to enable local governments to strike a better balance. More specifically, it has been distributed according to the gap between financial demands and revenues – an approach which has raised questions about the system. This study attempts to break away from the current complicated calculation method by examining the effectiveness of a new method of employing the major variables, which would guarantee an easier and more convenient basis for computation and a sufficient level of administrative capacity in each local government. The study also contends that the new method may lead to effective reforms to local finance in Korea, as it would allow more objective determination (focusing on population and gross area), thus setting aside the arbitrariness and discretion of central government.
  • 26.

    Do Working Mothers with Preschool Children Recognize and Intend to Use Work-Family Reconciliation Policy? An Analysis of the Differences between Time Support Policy and Service Provision Policy

    Kim,Eunjeong | 2013, 24(2) | pp.617~642 | number of Cited : 19
    Abstract PDF
    This study assumes that recognition of, and intention to use work-family reconciliation policy differs according to the types of support for work-family balance (i.e., time/service). Thus, this study investigates the differences in how working mothers with preschool children perceive time-support policies, which enable the mothers to directly care their family members, and service-provision policies, which offer the care services on behalf of them. Working mothers with preschool children were selected as the subjects of this study as they are known to be the source of a high level of demand for work-family policy. The research findings reveal that working mothers with young children have both a higher level of recognition of, and greater intention to use the service-provision policies than time-support policies. In addition, the results suggest that personal characteristics have a significant influence on the level of recognition of time-support policies, while work-related characteristics significantly affect recognition of service-provision policies. The factors significantly influencing intention to use time-support and service-provision polices are also different and especially salient when it comes to social support and work-related characteristics.
  • 27.

    The Effects of Geriatric Care Workers’ Individual Characteristics on Turnover Intention: What are the Mediated Effects of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment?

    Lee, Tae Hwa | Chang-Won Lee | 2013, 24(2) | pp.643~672 | number of Cited : 28
    Abstract
    This study offers an empirical analysis of the turnover intention of geriatric care workers in long-term care facilities for the elderly. In particular, the relationships are tested between self-efficacy, positive affectivity, job embeddedness, conflict with clients, burnout, job satisfaction, and turnover intention. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the efficacy of human resource management and the services which are provided to geriatric patients. The results have implications which could help to improve customer satisfaction, promote stable facility operation, and be used to inform the policy making process The results of the analysis reveal self-efficacy, positive affectivity and job embeddedness to have significant positive effects on job satisfaction, while has a negative effect. On the other hand, positive affectivity, job embeddedness and job satisfaction have significant negative effects on turnover intention. Self-efficacy has a positive effect on turnover intention unlike general recognition. In terms of mediated effects, job satisfaction partially mediates the relationships of self-efficiency and job embeddedness with turnover intention, while there are stronger mediated effects between positive emotions and turnover intention.
  • 28.

    New Government's task for Environmental Policy and Future Development Direction of Korean Environmental Policy

    Moon, Tae Hoon | 2013, 24(2) | pp.673~701 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The pupose of this paper is to suggest direction and tasks of environmental policy for the new government. Suggestions made in this paper also can be regarded as development direction and tasks of Korea's future environmental policy because those suggestions are based on comprehensive reviews of followings; trend of environment related international discussions, previous studies on new government's tasks for environmental policy, Korea's environmental policy change for the last 40 years, environmental election pledges made by presidential candidates’ parties last year. Suggestions made in this article for the new government's environmental policy includes i) faithfull implementation of environmental election pledges such as upgrading environmental service and environmental welfare to the equivalent level of advanced countries, strengthening synergistic effect of development and preservation ii) improve policy implementation and enhance integrated decision making iii) implement a thorough examination on 4 river project including legal responsibility and supplement problems of the project iv) build a nationwide consensus for green economy and sustainable development v) improve self-sufficiency of food, energy and other vital resources vi) reinstate Committee on Sustainable Development as control tower for a sustainable development, and vii) implement sustainable development strategy as a mean of 4S strategy, a national development paradigm aiming to achieve a strong Korea.
  • 29.

    Reputation Factors and Effectiveness among Environmental Civil Society Organizations in Korea

    Roh, Sungmin | 2013, 24(2) | pp.703~725 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper explores the global trend of civil society collaboration with government, industry and universities for sustainable transformation of a specific environmental area or societal sub-system. On the basis of empirical evidence, this study suggests that reputation factors could be interpreted as the seeds of an emerging new mission for civil society organizations (CSOs). This study draws upon previous research, pilot studies, and interviews to introduce six reputational factors: individual reputation, organizational reputation, strategic reputation, political reputation, social reputation, and economic reputation. The quantitative results indicate that CSOs’ reputation factors affect policy process and policy values. Positive reputation is increasingly expected to play a key role in changing environmental values, as well as in generating concrete policy decisions to tackle the dynamic, complex factors fueling the sustainability crisis. To fulfill this expectation, it is essential that education, research, and societal contributions are seamlessly integrated into a combined response that is then promoted and reinforced in the activation of civil society. To this end, utilizing CSOs as a platform for social experimentation through collaboration and networking among the representatives of government, academia, and industry will contribute to learning and innovations for sustainability. The experience and expertise of CSOs is a particularly crucial ingredient when implementing multi-stakeholder collaboration with the public sector, which aims at triggering institutional reforms favoring innovation for sustainability and moving towards a green economy.