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2013, Vol.24, No.3

  • 1.

    The Influence of Subsidy Arrangements of Local Government,Governance Structure of Social Welfare Corporations and Managerial Characteristics of the Social Welfare Centers on Service Quality in Social Service Delivery

    In Kim | 2013, 24(3) | pp.1~31 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes the influence of local government subsidies, governance structures of social welfare corporations, and managerial characteristics of social welfare centers on service quality. Drawing upon 140 survey responses from social welfare centers, the results are as follows:ⅰ) Local government does not place many burdens on subsidized social welfare corporations, but there are strict requirements for the submission of financial reports and auditing, and the centers are well monitored. ⅱ) Social welfare corporations are generally well governed, but there is still significant room for improvement. More specifically, while 70% of corporations consistently hold regular board meetings, in 38.2% of the corporations, social welfare specialists make up the majority of the board, and in 29.4% relatives occupy more than 10% of board positions. ⅲ) Among the various services offered by social welfare centers, core services include family welfare, community social welfare, and education and culture projects. These projects can be evaluated as comparatively good, particularly the community social welfare projects. ⅳ) For social welfare centers subsidized by local government, increased monitoring results in better quality services. ⅴ) Various activity career, improved transparency and participation, conservation of screening rules, and awarding bonus points to excellent centers do not significantly influence service quality. ⅵ) Social service centers operated by corporations with fewer than 10% of directors as relatives offer a higher level of services than others, as do those with service directors with more than 15 years field experience and first level of social worker qualification. However, the ratio of social welfare specialists and level of board activity do not impact service quality. ⅶ) Finally, centers which award employee performance bonuses display a higher level of service quality than others.
  • 2.

    A Study on Economic Effects of Social Service

    Seo, Jeong_Min | 2013, 24(3) | pp.33~54 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    According to analysis about economic effect of social service using SAM, it was found that social service had lowest production inducement effectiveness (1.0320) among others - basic material industry (3.1845), service industry (2.7775) and assembly & processing (2.7005). In addition, social service had lowest individual effectiveness (0.1474) among others with increasing final demand in all production fields. It was found that household income inducement effectiveness by industry was highest in agriculture & forestry, fishery and mining industry (3.2546), which was followed by basic material (2.8778), consumer goods (2.1168), services (1.8441), assembly & processing (1.7460), and electricity, gas, water supply and construction (1.4261) respectively. But social service didn't have such a high effectiveness (1.0316) enough to induce income. And it was found that social service had lowest occupational income inducement effect (0.3466), contrary to service (10.1984). Basic material had highest effectiveness in inducing governmental tax revenue (0.5790), which was followed by service (0.6574) and others. Here, social service had lowest effectiveness in inducing governmental tax revenue (0.0170), as in inducing industrial and occupational income). However, the implication of the findings can be construed positively with regard to early phase of service industry in South Korea, and in the sense that data of this study came from those issued in 2009 and social service has expanded on scale over the last 3 to 4 years. In comprehensive view of these points, it is concluded that social service has a potential to grow up fully as an industry.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Impact of Member Satisfaction for the Effectiveness of the Performance Management System

    Choi, Seong Rak | Byul Jeon | Jeong, Yeon-Baek | 2013, 24(3) | pp.55~75 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The government has introduced a performance management system for enhancing organizational performance. In developing this system, there is a possibility that the views of public officials were not fully considered. This is significant, as it is public officials who administer the performance management system, and if they are not satisfied with the arrangements, then this could hinder efforts to improve the effectiveness of the system. This study therefore examines the extent of employee satisfaction with performance management structures through a survey of public officials with responsibility for performance management. The analysis reveals that employee satisfaction is a primary factor for the effective operation of the performance management system. As such, it is necessary to consider this variable at the implementation stage. Failure to do so may negate the potential positive impacts of the system.
  • 4.

    The Relationship between Environmental Fit and Policy Performance: The Case of Job Creation Policy

    KIM Cheolhoi | 2013, 24(3) | pp.77~103 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study utilizes contingency theory to explore alternative strategies and promotion systems for job creation policy based on an analysis of the relationship between environmental fit and policy performance. Past governments have focused on short term, direct subsidies, such as public work businesses, vocational training, and administrative internships. The key players in the promotion of this system have been the Ministry of Employment and Labor, and the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy. However, the policy environment has changed and it is time to revise the strategies and promotion systems in order to maximize the effectiveness of job creation policy. More specifically, the service industry has replaced manufacturing as the core industry for job creation, and the role of the market rather than government should be emphasized. In these circumstances, policy strategies and promotion systems to create jobs should be focused on developing a range of instruments to create innovative jobs, and making a new control tower to coordinate the policies of various ministries.
  • 5.

    An analysis on Appropriateness of Performance Indicators in K-PART (Program Assessment Rating Tool in Korea)

    Youngrok Kim | 2013, 24(3) | pp.105~127 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    This study utilizes performance information to assess the appropriateness of performance indicators. The analysis is based on the performance indicators listed in the K-PART (Program Assessment Rating Tool) report for 2012, which are used to establish four criteria and an appropriateness index. The results reveal that understanding of the criteria for constructing K-PART performance indicators differs significantly among agencies and this limits the usefulness of the K-PART. Moreover, there is a need for ambiguous performance goals to be more clearly connected with performance indicators. Finally, although the overall level of performance indicators has improved since they were first implemented, the timeliness of the indicators is very poor when compared with other criteria.
  • 6.

    Articulation of Interest Groups: Influence and Activity Patterns in the Local Policy Process in Korea

    Chunoh Park | 2013, 24(3) | pp.129~150 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study explores the current influence and activity patterns of interest groups in the local policy process in Korea on the basis of an empirical survey. The focus is on examining whether the influence of interest groups in the local policy process has increased as political democratization and local autonomy have taken root over recent decades. The analysis draws upon the responses of 376 local civil servants in eight municipalities of Seoul Metropolitan Government, and suggests that the influence of interest groups has increased to some extent but their activity patterns remain largely unchanged.
  • 7.

    An Analysis on Positions of Experts and Stakeholders with Regard to Climate Change Mitigation Policy: Based on In-Depth Interviews

    Yun, Sun-Jin | 이승지 | 2013, 24(3) | pp.151~187 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The Korean government has implemented a greenhouse gas and energy target management system targeting large greenhouse gas emitters and energy consumers since 2012 and plans to introduce an emission trading scheme (ETS) from 2015. It is unclear how to deal with the existing greenhouse gas and energy target management system after the introduction of the ETS. This study utilizes grounded theory to analyze in-depth interviews with stakeholders and experts about the introduction of the ETS and the resultant policy mix. The interviews with diverse actors reveal a variety of opinions which differ both between and within groups. Nevertheless, there is a broad consensus on the introduction of incentives, provision of manuals, and simplification of reporting requirements for the improvement of the current greenhouse gas and energy target management systems, along with the maintenance of the greenhouse gas and energy target management system after the introduction of the ETS for companies emitting over 5,000 tonnes CO2eq. There is also support for connecting the ETS with the greenhouse gas and energy target management system. These results imply that it is necessary for the government to listen to more diverse voices and to promote social dialogue in order to improve policy compliance and effectiveness of implementation.
  • 8.

    An Exploratory Study on the Impact of Social Ladder on Social Trust: Focused on non-linear relationship

    LEE, JAEWAN | 2013, 24(3) | pp.189~223 | number of Cited : 23
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of the prospect of upward mobility on social trust. To this end, 「2011 Seoul Survey」 data were used. In this study, social trust is the subjective probability by which an individual expects that another individual or public institute performs a given action on which its social life depends. And the prospect of upward mobility is defined as the subjective perception that the individuals’ efforts can be improved their socio-economic status. As the result of multiple regression, the prospect of upward mobility has a significantly positive affect on social trust. But if the prospect of upward mobility increases beyond a certain point, its affect is changed to a negative. Therefore the relationship of the prospect of upward mobility and social trust is non-linear. In the further study, panel regression analysis whether intragenerational or intergenerational mobility affect on social trust is required.
  • 9.

    The Determinants of Welfare Budget in Local Government: Political Election and Welfare Budget Change in Municipal Government

    Shin, Jung Kwan | Lim, Joon Hyoung | 2013, 24(3) | pp.225~251 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract
    This research explores the factors that explain budget allocation for welfare services in municipal government around a political election period. Drawing insights from the relevant literature, an analytical framework is constructed to identify the predictors of local welfare budget allocation and change, including socioeconomic factors, the size of policy target groups, and political factors. Data were collected from the national database on local government affairs, which is provided by the Korean Statistical Information Service. Findings from the regression analysis suggest that the budget allocation for welfare services in municipal government is significantly influenced by the type of government and its financial capability, local governors’ ideological inclination, the level of political support from the local constituency, and the competition between governors and councils. Increases in welfare budget are also found to be facilitated by the financial capability of municipal governments and competition between political parties in local councils.
  • 10.

    The Integrative Impact-Relationship between the Rural Life Satisfaction of Farming Returnees and Its Factors

    Sung-Bok Park | 2013, 24(3) | pp.253~277 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to identify the integrated impact relationships among factors relevant to the rural life satisfaction of rural returnees, on the basis that rural satisfaction is considered to be a factor in re-adjustment to rural life. The impact factors that are examined are those which determine a return to farming: urban discharge and rural inhale, pre and post policy support, return-to-farming preparation, and settlement satisfaction. The relationships between these variables and rural life satisfaction are subsequently identified and measured. In order to contribute to policy and practices for supporting rural returnees and their rural life satisfaction, the direct and indirect paths of related variables are identified, along with the intermediate effects of preparation for rural return and settlement satisfaction.
  • 11.

    Reducing Functional Duplication among Quagos in Korean ICT Promotion Policy

    Yoon, Kun | 2013, 24(3) | pp.279~312 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    This article discusses functional duplication among quagos (Quasi-Government Organizations) in Korean ICT (Information and Communication Technology) promotion policy. Recently the new Park administration has established the MSIP (Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning), a new ministry that will have exclusive responsibility for ICT promotion policies. However, other ministries still perform the same or similar ICT functions as a result of ministerial turf wars. A consequence is extensive functional duplication among ICT quagos which could yield several problems in the ICT policy area, including budget waste, inconsistent policy implementation, and confusion of policy customers. This study analyzes this situation through theoretical discussion and content analysis of ICT quago documents and interview data. Additionally on this basis, recommendations are made, including policy coordination and functional redesign. The former includes voluntary cooperation between overlapping quagos through active communication or intended information exchange, and central coordination by the relevant ministries and the President. The latter involves a branch strategy including transfer of duplicated functions to more appropriate organizations as well as more fundamental strategies, including mergers between quagos with many overlapping functions and functional restructuring in light of the whole government system. It is argued that although restructuring may be the most desirable strategy, it is also the least feasible due to the possibility of strong resistance. As such, government requires a long-term plan.
  • 12.

    A Study on Diversification of Financing for the Green City

    Mihong Lee | 윤인숙 | Kim, Sun-Woo | 2013, 24(3) | pp.313~341 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The objective of this study is to analyze the current state of public finance for the construction of ‘green cities’ and to explore diverse financing methods. First, we selected legal baseline standards for the construction of green cities, and calculated the additional costs according to the green space planning elements of Dongtan-2 new city and Asan Tangjeong new town. These costs were calculated to be KRW 273 billion for Dongtan-2 and approximately KRW 7 billion for Asan Tangjeong. Second, we collected and analyzed the budget bills of central government relating to the construction of green cities and found that KRW 7,500 billion was spent in 2011 and KRW 5,400 billion in 2012. As a proportion of the total budget this amounts to 2.4% for 2011 and 1.7% for 2012, and it amounts to 31% of the social overhead capital budget for 2011 and 25% for 2012. Finally, it is recommended that the government devise new financing methods including the establishment of a new green city fund, reintroduction of a transportation allowance, retention of the carbon tax, and utilization of tax increment finance.
  • 13.

    A Study on Foreigner Crime and Public Security Threat in Expatriates Enclave: The Characteristics of Chinese Crimes in Guro District

    Kim, Byunghak | Ko, Kilkon | KIM DAE JOONG | 2013, 24(3) | pp.343~372 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract PDF
    As South Korea gradually enters into the multicultural society, the crimes committed by expatriates are considered as a new threat of public security. Against this context, this study analyzes the characteristics and causes of Chinese immigrants’ crimes focusing on Guro district in Seoul. We used the Korean Information System of Criminal Justice Services for the analysis of the status and characteristics of expatriates’ crime. According to regression analysis of the data, there is no statistically significance in the violent crime rate between the Chinese expatriates and Koreans. However, Guro District densely populated with the Chinese shows the higher rate of murder and assault. Hence, the concentration, not the foreigner itself, can be one of causes of the violent crime. Moreover, our interview with the police and residents reveals that most violent crimes accidently happen under the weakened informal social control. Therefore, establishing the immediate response system to physical violences can help prevent more serious crimes.
  • 14.

    An Ethnographic Study of Information Network Villages: Focusing on Two Cases in Gyeongbuk

    Hwang, Huiyoung | KIM, CHONG HO | 2013, 24(3) | pp.373~408 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this research is to understand Information Network Villages from inhabitants’ perspectives about both village life and supporting policies. An ethnographic approach incorporating in-depth interviews is utilized in order to understand the reality of life in the villages and hence policy implementation. This study takes a policy-subject-centered approach to policy evaluation and constructs a process-centered analysis. The findings reveal that residents interpret policies differently from policy makers, due to experiencing the policies as a part of their everyday life. Consequently, it is crucial to highlight residents’ views, not least because policies may be experienced differently in each region as a result of different regional cultures. These cultural characteristics affect residents’ views about Information Network Villages.