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2015, Vol.26, No.3

  • 1.

    A Study on the Evaluation of Local Councils Legislative Activity

    고경훈 | 2015, 26(3) | pp.1~23 | number of Cited : 6
    There have been a criticism about the local council's legislative activities. This is because the model did not exist a reasonable and objective to evaluate the performance of legislative activities of local councilors so far. So there is the limits on strategic approaches for improving the performance of the future orientation of the local council or legislative action. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the local councils legislative activities through a empirical approach to the legislative activities of local councils. For this purpose, this research focuses in comparing the recognition of local government officials with performance of the local councils legislative activity. Analysis of the results of the local council legislative activity, first issue, the biggest problems is appeared to process complaints of residents. Second, as to whether there were conflicts between the local council and the executive and local government officials, most recognized, for this reason among political problem. Problems with the residents related activities of the local council which is inhabitants unreasonable residents demands, family events oriented visiting for the residents. Problems of local ordianace enacted and amended legislation such as the local councils were insufficient expertise of local councilors. There was a problem for the budget review and the settlement accounts activities of the local council budget process, including complaints relating to individual councilor. The council's administrative audit and investigation activities, excessive data requirement could identify the serious problems. Issues of policy development activities of the local council, the insufficient expertise were the most serious.
  • 2.

    Urban Shrinkage a new paradigm for Urban Renaissance

    Kang, In Ho | Lee Yung Chul | YEOM Dae-Bong | 2015, 26(3) | pp.25~50 | number of Cited : 8
    Urban shrinkage started in advanced countries and it has become widespread throughout the world. Many small- and medium-sized cities in Korea also suffer from urban shrinkage. Yet, in Korea, the debate over urban regeneration is still based on the premise of continual urban growth. We argue that many current problems in small cities are better approached on the premise of urban shrinkage. The purpose of this paper is two-fold: first, to examine the concept of urban shrinkage & a conceptual framework for the study of urban shrinkage; second, to discuss strategies to deal with urban strategy and illustrate the cases of significant urban shrinkage and policy responses to urban shrinkage. This paper concludes that we need to reconsider current urban strategy on the premise of urban shrinkage.
  • 3.

    The Impact of International Development NPO's Capacity and Financial Transparency on Government's Financial Supports

    Kim Jungsook | M. Jae Moon | 2015, 26(3) | pp.51~81 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Despite continued increase in ODA budget, we do not know much about the relationship among NPO's organizational capacity, financial transparency, and financial supports. This aims to construct theoretical framework and empirically investigate how organizational capacity of NPOs and financial transparency affect government's financial supports. The capacity of International Development NPOs includes both internal management capacity, boundary-spanning capacity, and financial transparency. Internal management capacity represents business capacity, professionalism, and external resource mobilization capacity while boundary-spanning capacity represents human mobilization capacity and financial resource mobilization capacity. Boundary-spanning capacity includes networking capacity, international status and social reputation. Tobit regression analysis is adopted to test posited hypotheses. The empirical results suggest that financial resource mobilization, professionalism, social reputation, and networking activities appear to affect the size of financial support. This study also finds that there are negative interaction effects of financial transparency with both networking activities and business capacity on government's financial supports. The results suggest that international development NPOs should enhance professionalism, financial resource mobilization, and social reputation in order to increase their government subsidies. Financial transparency appears to be helpful in increasing government subsidies particularly to the NPOs which are low in business and networking capacities.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Problems and Improvement Plans of the Program Budget System

    Yu, Seungwon | 2015, 26(3) | pp.83~114 | number of Cited : 4
    The program budget system was officially introduced to Korean central government in 2006. It is a core infrastructural budgeting system, which enables mutual connections and the proper functioning of government financial systems, including the mid-term expenditures framework, single-year budget, top-down budgeting, financial performance management and government cost management. However, it has recently been subject to the criticism that it does not fit its own purpose. This study analyzes the problems and takes into consideration the theories and practices of government financial administration. Finally, a suggestion is put forward for an improvement plan in response to the problems.
  • 5.

    Institution and Political Corruption in Korean Local Self-governments: Change of Electoral Rules and Corruption of Elected Mayors

    Choe, Chang Soo | 2015, 26(3) | pp.115~137 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship between change of electoral rules and political corruption in Korean local self-governments. Previous researches on local corruption indicate that the individual personal and socio-cultural factors are independent variables affecting corruption in general. However, these perspectives cannot explain the rapid increase in corruption of elected mayors since 2006. On this ground, this paper examines how the electoral rules and the political corruption of elected mayors are related. In this study, corruption of elected mayors is classified into two categories; corruption for position and corruption by position. By analyzing the entire cases of mayoral corruption in Korean local self-governments for the past two decades, this paper emphasizes that the institutional factors such as change of electoral rules greatly affect the increase of political corruption of elected mayors. This research draws the following conclusions. First, change of electoral rules increases the frequency of corruption for positions. Secondly, change of electoral rules increases the frequency of corruption for position in the region in which political regionalism affects voter turnout strongly. Lastly, change of electoral rules also increases the frequency of corruption for position in rural areas in which political regionalism affects, but it does not in urban areas. In sum, the result of this research points outs the need for further research on the political corruption in local self-governments from institutional perspective.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Causes of Poor Cultural Property Management

    Jong Hyun Yoon | 2015, 26(3) | pp.139~165 | number of Cited : 0
    This study draws upon research on media influences on public perceptions, along with the professional literature on cultural property management. More specifically, government shortcomings in the management of cultural property are examined, using SERM as the theoretical basis. While the number of press releases increases each year, the professional literature does not. This points towards the ways in which press releases could affect perceptions of the management of national cultural property. Subsequently, the causes of cultural mismanagement are examined. In the media environment, operations were most prevalent, followed by resources. In the professional literature, operational causes were most prevalent followed by environment and resources. Although there were similarities, the government approach was communicated more through the media than the professional literature. While the professional literature was more in-depth with respect to different areas of the SERM, there were only small number of studies.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Residential Acceptability of Nuclear Power Plant: Focused on Samcheok City Case on Location Conflict of Nuclear Power Plant

    Jeong, Jeong Hwa | 2015, 26(3) | pp.167~199 | number of Cited : 6
    This study analyses the conflict around the building of the Samcheok nuclear power plant in terms of residential acceptability. The case is divided into four stages: the beginning of conflict, the spread of conflict, reconciliation, and the concealment of conflict. Changes in residential acceptability are examined through qualitative analysis. The case analysis sorts residential acceptability by three factors: recognition of risks, economic benefit, and reliability of government agencies. The analysis results reveal residential acceptability to be high due to the low recognition of risks and high expectation of economic benefit. In other stages, however, residential acceptability is low due to high recognition of risk, low expectation of economic benefit, and the low reliability of central government and Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power (KHNP). The policy implications arising from the analysis can be summarized as follows. First, government agencies need to increase reliability towards local residents to secure residential acceptability. Second, there is a need for consensus building processes when it comes to providing objective and balanced information on building nuclear power plants. An excessive emphasis on economic benefit in public relations may decrease the recognition of risks in the short run, but in the long run, may harm local residents’ perspective on the reliability of government and the KHNP. Third, when building future nuclear power plants, the participation of local residents is key and referendums should be mandatory from the first stage of applying to the city municipal office.
  • 8.

    Trust in Nuclear Energy: Measurement of Multi-dimensionality

    Jun Seop Shim | 2015, 26(3) | pp.201~226 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    Though trust is a critical determinant of acceptance of nuclear power stations, the concept of trust in nuclear energy has not been examined precisely and comprehensively. This study attempted to empirically assess the construct validity of measures and factor structures of trust in nuclear energy. It conducted confirmatory factor analysis to examine the multi-dimensionality of trust in nuclear energy by comparing two-factor and three-factor models. The results showed that three-factor structure had a better fit than two-factor structure. This study made an important theoretical contribution to the study of trust and provided important implications for nuclear energy policy.
  • 9.

    A Study on the Institutional Design of PAYGO Rule in the Budget Process in Korean National Assembly

    Lee, Jeonghee | 2015, 26(3) | pp.227~253 | number of Cited : 2
    Recently, the increase of mandatory expenditure and public debt has been an important subject matter for students of public fiscal administration in Korea. The PAYGO rule is deemed an effective tool to curb the rapid increase in mandatory spending. However, there are differences of opinion and misunderstandings about institutional rules and the budget control process for PAYGO, and uncertainty about the feasibility of the institutional design and compatibility with the Korean National Assembly. This study attempts to shed light on the possibility of institutional transfer of PAYGO rules from the US federal government. To this end, comparative institutional analysis is applied to the budget formulation process in US Congress. Furthermore, actors’ characteristics, interaction rules, and top-down budget process structures are analyzed. Issues raised in the literature concerning the applicability of the PAYGO rule to Korea are then discussed. The analysis reveals no serious problems for institutionalization of the PAYGO rule in the Korean budget system in terms of political imbalance among actors. Overall, this study highlights the feasibility of the Korean institutionalization of the PAYGO rule. Hence, if political conditions support budget reform, there is a possibility of the National Assembly institutionalizing the PAYGO rule.
  • 10.

    Rethinking Quality Control: Exploring Alternatives to Government Regulations on Oriental Medicinal Herb Manufacturers

    Kim, Song June | 2015, 26(3) | pp.255~278 | number of Cited : 1
    South Korean government has been enforced the standardization of medicinal herbs in the manufacturing process to secure the safety of products and to enhance consumer confidence. Following the legislation, the government has pushed ahead with a course of action as 1) to tighten the quality certification system 2) to reinforce labeling and packaging regulations, 3) to enforce mandatory GMP (good manufacturing practice) facilities on the manufacturer. However, the regulatory efforts to date have resulted in several unintended consequences and adverse effects on medicinal herb industry. This study aims to explore the current state of matters and explore alternative approaches to government regulations on the oriental medicinal herb manufacturers using regulatory monitoring framework of Korea Society for Regulatory Studies.
  • 11.

    A Study on Characteristics and Location of Small and Medium-Sized Businesses Affecting Policy Preference on Technological Innovation Supporting Policies

    김경아 | 2015, 26(3) | pp.279~301 | number of Cited : 3
    This study analyzes how the characteristics of individual enterprises and industries affect attitudes in the form of company recognition for government's technological innovation support system. To date, the literature on technological innovation has focused on the impact on technological innovation outcomes, and outlined the the ways in which government's technological innovation support system has influenced technological innovation performance. However, there has been little research about which enterprise characteristics and environments lead to different perceptions of government's technological innovation support system. This study starts from this context and aims to improve the effectiveness of future technological innovation supporting policies. Subsequently differences towards government's technological innovation support system are explained, based on firm characteristics and environment. To this end, data from 1,336 knowledge-based manufacturing companies is analyzed in the form of STEPI's manufacturing technological innovation survey data, with reference to the OECD’s classification of knowledge-based manufacturing. The two dependent variables are knowledge-based manufacturing firms' perception of the financial aid policy for government's technological innovation support systems and awareness of the general support system, except for financial support.
  • 12.

    Continuous and Disconnection of Korean Local Government Institutions: Analysis Around the Japanese Occupation since the Gabo・Kwangmu Reforms

    Lim, Suhng Bin | 2015, 26(3) | pp.303~326 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study is about the Korean local government institution ever since the formation of the Gabo・Kwangmu reforms- Japanese occupation. In this article we understand the formation and change of local government system from the perspective of new institutional perspective and isomorphism phenomenon. This study began as some scholars have refuted claims that the development of South Korea for the modernization of the system implanted in Japan, as claimed. Consequently, according to the analysis of this paper, the modern local government institution was promoted to Gabo・Kwangmu reforms period and was breakdown and replaced by a rather radical changes and discontinuity by the Japanese occupation. Rather was the survival and return to the institutional change with the Local Government Act after Gabo・Kwangmu reforms and continuity. Therefore, some scholars argue gritty stretch of modern Korea was the driving force behind the development of the national transplant system is the Japanese occupation era, as that claim is found not historical facts viscosity does not fit in the grounds.
  • 13.

    A Study on the Effect of Networking Behavior and Glass Ceiling in Organization on the Organizational Commitment: Focused on the Mediating Effect of Job Satisfaction

    장정순 | shin hwang yong | Kim, yeon hee and 1other persons | 2015, 26(3) | pp.327~353 | number of Cited : 11
    This study examines whether the variables of vertical & horizontal networking behavior, glass ceiling, and job satisfaction have a direct and/or an indirect significant effect on the variable of organizational commitment through the mediating effect of job satisfaction variable in members of governmental organizations & non-governmental organizations. And also, the study is to verify the relative influences of the independent variables on the dependent variable of organizational commitment. As a result of analyses, the variable of horizontal networking behavior was found to have an indirect positive effect on the variable of organizational commitment through the mediating effect of job satisfaction variable. The variable of glass ceiling was found to have a direct negative effect on the variable of organizational commitment. And also the variable of glass ceiling was found to have an indirect significant negative effect on the variable of organizational commitment through the mediating effect of job satisfaction. The job satisfaction as the mediating variable also had a direct positive effect on the organizational commitment variable in a structural equation model. And the relative influences of the independent variables on the dependent variable of organizational commitment were appeared in the order of job satisfaction (β=.855), glass ceiling (β=-.325), and horizontal networking behavior (β=.151). The results of the study suggest that the policy makers in governmental & non-governmental organizations should consider the factors of job satisfaction, glass ceiling, and horizontal networking behavior as effective and important means to enhance the organizational commitment. In addition, they should reflect the relative influences among the independent variables.