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2016, Vol.27, No.1

  • 1.

    A Study on the Effects of Veterans Education and PR

    Lee Hong-Jae | Cha, Yong Jin | 2016, 27(1) | pp.1~21 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to examine the structural relational effects of Veterans education and public relations (PR) on the interest and awareness, and the participatory intention to the Veterans ceremony. To do so, this study surveys and tests the hypotheses. The results show that the Veterans education and PR have significantly positive influences on the interest and awareness of the Veterans ceremony. The Veterans education also has a significantly positive impact on the participatory intention. However, the PR does not significantly affect the participatory intention. Based on these results, this study suggests the theoretical and practical implications for the effective Veterans education and PR to improve the participatory intention to the Veterans ceremony.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Present Status and Issues of Gender Impact Assessment in Autonomous Ordinances: Focused on Jeju Special Self-Governing Province

    Yun-jung Oh | Lim, Jung-Hyun | Oh Seung-Eun | 2016, 27(1) | pp.23~44 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Korea has introduced the Gender Impact Assessment(GIA) and applied it when it plans and implements rules, schemes and projects in an effort to reduce the gender gap. This study aims to systematically review how a local government operates the GIA prescribed in autonomous ordinances to identify issues and suggest improvement plans. This study looks over outlines and systems of the GIA policies and create tools to systematically assess the policy operation. Jeju Special self-governing Province is chosen as a case region for actual analysis. Suggestions are made for improving the GIA based on the analysis results. First, institutional modification is needed for gradual capability growth of the GIA. Second, ordinance bills submitted by provincial council members need to be evaluated by GIA. Third, policies are urgently needed to make an assessment item of equal participation of women and men practical. Fourth, practical plans should be devised to consolidate roles and functions of the GIA committee. Fifth, systems and contents of GIA need to be overhauled in line with amendment of the Local Finance Act.
  • 3.

    An Empirical Study on Politics of Discretionary Grants

    Yoo, Jeeyeon | 구혜림 | 2016, 27(1) | pp.45~63 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    ur study tries to analyze whether the similarity of affiliation of governors with presidential’s party affects favorable distribution of discretionary grants by exhibiting their political influences. The analysis unit is Korean high-level local governments and Korean high-level local governments are divided into two subgroups (9 provinces and 6 metropolitan cities), trying to test a difference between two subgroups. According to the results, political party affiliation of governors does not have any significant influence on discretionary grants, when the whole local governments are analyzed. However, when dividing local governments into two subgroups, the findings are turned out to be different. In case of 6 metropolitan cities, political party affiliation of governors has a favorable influence on discretionary grants based on their political power; however, in case of 9 provinces, it negatively affects distributed discretionary grants.
  • 4.

    The Effectiveness of the Top-down Budgeting and the Mid-term Expenditure Framework: Focusing on the National Sports Promotion Fund(2010~2014)

    Hong-Lim Yoo | 2016, 27(1) | pp.65~93 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study try to present the improvement for the rational budgeting, after reviewing the effectiveness of Top-down Budgeting and of Mid-term Expenditure Framework(MTEF) which have been introduced as part of the government budget reforms since 2007 and the whole process of budget planning including the budget review process in the National Assembly. In order to achieve this objective, author choose the National Sports Promotion Fund(NSPF) as an object of empirical analysis and five years up to 2010 years to 2014 as the period of study. The standards of (effectiveness) comparison are Mid-term plan, expenditure ceiling, budget request, proposed budget, approved budget, etc. And the major targets of comparison are gross expenditure and budget on sports. Through the analysis process, problems were found such as ① indefinite ceiling setting and Top-down budgeting in name only, ② low effectiveness in MTEF, ③ National Assembly's focus on increase in budget review, and ④ high dependence of budget on sports on NSPF, etc. And then, several improvements are proposed: ① reasonable setting of an expenditure ceiling and support for Top-down budgeting, ② ending of the rolling approach to MTEF for the sake of formality and shortening in the rolling period, ③ transparency in budget review process, ④ fiscal sustainability in NSPF, etc. However, this study has several limitations, including the fact that only one case of the NSPF for a specific time period (2010-2014) was analyzed.
  • 5.

    Odysseia of Local Autonomy Policies in S. Korea: Introspection and Lesson

    So, Soon-Chang | 이진 | 2016, 27(1) | pp.95~118 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    This research studied local decentralization policies in the past twenty years in terms of the Local Autonomy Police System, Local Educational Autonomy System and Local Special Administration System. This research studied how much different are these policies of local decentralization in terms of past several governments. These major three local decentralization policies are different in each governments. The Military government and Kim Young Sam Government generally took passive local decentralization policies. Kim Dae Joong Government made steppingstone for local decentralization for next governments. And Rho Mu Hyun government had taken various local decentralization policies, however these three policies had not completed as each perfect policies. Finally, Lee Myong Bak government has taken lukewarm local decentralization policies. Therefore these local decentralization policies should steadily carry out as substantial projects of local decentralization for local governments in the future.
  • 6.

    A Study on Official Development Assistance Programme Policy Factors

    Kim, Seong Yeun | 2016, 27(1) | pp.119~133 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to understand policy factors of the Official Development Assistance(ODA) in South Korea through Meta-analysis based on literature reviews and to suggest the priority of policy factors by finding a relative importance between policy factors. Policy factors are hierarchized for the purpose of this study. This study finds the important policy factor among policy factors by using the structured survey based on hierarchized policy factors conducted from ODA experts during two weeks. As the results, the most important policy factor in higher policy factors of ODA is effectiveness. The order of lower policy factors of ODA is resource allocation, policy linkages, main agents, antipoverty, and consistency, respectively. This study recommends the policy integration of similar or same policies and ODA policy linkages and effective resource allocation through the unification of main agents for the effectiveness of the ODA policy. The purpose of ODA should focus on antipoverty of recipient countries. Therefore, ODA should stipulate related statutes with targets and finances and provide performance manuals for the policy consistency.
  • 7.

    Evaluating the Program Budgeting System in Korea

    Choi, Soon-Young | 2016, 27(1) | pp.135~169 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study evaluates the program budgeting system adopted by the Rho Moo-Hyun government in Korea in 2007. The authors explored the backgrounds and objectives of introducing the program budgeting system through literature review, interviews with public officials in charge of program budgeting system in the Ministry of Strategy and Finance, and Expert Seminars. The evaluation model consists of three dimensions of effectiveness, system and practice, and operation. This study carries out analyses of the survey results of two groups: ① public employees who are in charge of program budgeting and performance management in the administrative branch,② public employees who are in charge of budget deliberation in the legislative branch. This study attempts to evaluate the program budgeting system by the evaluation model, based on the perception of the public employees in charge of program budgeting, performance management, budget deliberation in the administrative and legislative branches. The satisfaction of the program budgeting is higher in the administrative branch than the legislative branch. The results show that the respondents of the administrative branch feel more positive than ones of the legislative branch in most question items related to the dimension of the effectiveness, system and practice, and operation. 47% of the public employees in the legislative branch have experience contacting the website of dBrain while 84% of public employees in the administrative branch have the experience contacting that. On the other hand, budgeting is inherently political process, and legislators are reluctant to cede their budgetary discretion to a “rational” performance-based budgeting system. In addition, legislators are not likely to use performance measures because they distrust performance data prepared by the executive branch and are not involved in creating the measures. The author think these are some of the reasons why the legislative branch is in particular negative about the Program Budgeting System. Respondents of both of the branches are a little negative about the questions of whether program based financial autonomy is secured in the operation of program budgeting system and whether the program budgeting reflects the performance results of the programs.
  • 8.

    A Study on Trust, Conflict and Types of Welfare Consciousness among Korean 20s and 30s: Using Latent Class Analysis and Logistic Regression

    YOO JEONG HO | CHO, MIN HYO | 2016, 27(1) | pp.171~207 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to identify young Koreans’ welfare consciousness types and further analyze the factors which impact each type of welfare consciousness. Results from the latent class analysis indicate four distinct welfare consciousness types: residual welfare with high funding levels cluster(29.5%), residual welfare cluster(26.9%), institutional welfare cluster(27.6%), and institutional welfare with low funding levels cluster(16%). Results from the logistic regression indicate that social factors(institutional and individual trust, awareness about social conflict and democracy) have a stronger impact on welfare consciousness than individual factors(subjective class consciousness). The higher the levels of institutional and individual trust, the lower the probability of one belonging to the institutional welfare with low funding levels cluster. Additional effort at the social level shall be required to improve both institutional and individual trust in order to develop a sustainable welfare state. Policy implications are further discussed.
  • 9.

    Exploratory Study on Values of Small Business Policy: Focusing on Changes and Trends according to Administration in Korea

    Lee, Jeonghee | Cheol Ho Oh | 2016, 27(1) | pp.209~243 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Policy values are basic principle and guide for policy related activities during entire policy process, and fundamental not only for policy design and formation but also for policy analysis and evaluation. For small business field, policy values are important principles and common objectives of governmental intervention and help policymakers to build policy framework and sound programs according to the conditions of specific industries. Until now, most studies have focused on the policy evaluations of governmental intervention, based on the efficiency and effectiveness criteria. Small number of studies have tried to analyze the meaning of efficiency and use this concept as a tool for analysis of relationship between policy goads and instruments. This study tries to look into policy values and analyze the structure and change of policy values of small business policies in Korea. Applying contents analysis method, this study identifies four major policy values – efficiency, equity, fairness, business ecosystem values, and could see the change of importance of these policy values. Importance of efficiency and fairness kept on growing. On the other hand, equity became less important. Business ecosystem values have peaked and slowly losed its importance. Though exploratory in nature, this study is the first attempt to examine policy values in small business sector and complemtary to previous studies which are focused on the policy framework and performance of programs in the field of small business policies.
  • 10.

    The Empirical Study on Policy Management Behavior of the President: A Contents Analysis of the President Directions Item(1993∼2009)

    Ahn Byeong-Cheol | 2016, 27(1) | pp.245~270 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the empirical study on policy management behavior of the President by contents analysis of 2,272 on the president directions item during the last 17 years from 1993 to 2009. It employs the analysis of number, contents and characteristics of the president directions item, verifies the behaviors through them and policy management types on the basis of the gwanbo record. According to the result of the analysis, the findings are summarized in two points. That is, I light on positive problem-solving action and policy management in the third time tenure during presidential term of five years. Also, it is proposed that there is a point of resemblance of the President's policy management type during presidential term of five years. The contrary there is difference between the President direction types and preference of policy. Above all, it is President Kim Daejung who suggest a policy alterative idea and control of task directions in the State Council during his presidential term. After all, it is the peak in the third time tenure that the Presidents manage actively government policy during presidential term of five years. In spite of such possibilities this discussion is the elementary argument as a basic research. Thus, this paper must follow the depths study to the verification of discussion on the president's abundant policy data.
  • 11.

    Good, Marginal, and Low Performers: Differences in Perceptions on Their Job Features and Turnover Intention

    Oh, Seyoung | LEE HA YOUNG | Soo-Young Lee | 2016, 27(1) | pp.271~293 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The question, who will leave and who will stay, has been repeatedly examined by the researchers who have concerned about organization management. In this study, we tested two research questions for the public employees. The first was to investigate the difference of turnover intention among good, marginal, and poor performers. And the second question concerned the differential effects of organizational factors and institutional factors on turnover intention among the three performance groups, using ordered logit regression. Finally this study empirically showed the good performers have less intention to leave the government than poor performers and the effect factors of turnover intention for the poor performers were not same as that of marginal and good performers.
  • 12.

    A Case Analysis of The TypeⅠError of Regulatory Policy: Focusing on the Regulatory Barriers to Entry into Design and Inspection of Information Communication Technology Construction

    Kim, kwon-sik | KWI HEE BAE | LEE KWANG HOON | 2016, 27(1) | pp.295~313 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this article is to explore policy errors in course of formulating regulatory policies by analysing the case of the regulation of design and inspection in the information communication technology (ICT) construction industry in Korea. Based on theories of market and non-market failure, the analysis results of the case show that the regulation on design and inspection of ICT construction, as a case of alpha error or type Ⅰ error, is irrelevant because governmental interventions aggravate market failure and generate non-market failure. The article implies that the policy error may result in unanticipated consequences or derived externalities.