Recently, the interest about the life security is rising while the disaster, every kind of case accident, new type infectious disease, and etc. happens often. But it has the limit to prevent the disaster, accident, and etc. in which the central government is complicated and of which the prediction is difficult and systematically deal and the public health surveillance through the local community is more effective. Therefore, korean public health viewing system was analyze in order to suggest the local community health viewing system sheme of construction. The insufficiency of the analyzed result public health monitoring relation law and system, tribe of the public health monitoring organization and human agency, inefficiency of the public health monitoring relation information system, and etc. showed. For the local community health viewing system construction, the revision of the public health monitoring related law of the community consistency, adjustment of the public health monitoring organization of the local community and human agency and reinforcement of the Capability, reconfiguration of the public health monitoring information system and integrated operation, link of the local community association and social economic structure and cooperation, and etc. were proposed.