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2016, Vol.27, No.2

  • 1.

    The Social Economy Organizations as the Living Safety Health Surveillance Organization: Focusing on the Local Community Health Surveillance System Construction

    강병준 | 2016, 27(2) | pp.1~29 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Recently, the interest about the life security is rising while the disaster, every kind of case accident, new type infectious disease, and etc. happens often. But it has the limit to prevent the disaster, accident, and etc. in which the central government is complicated and of which the prediction is difficult and systematically deal and the public health surveillance through the local community is more effective. Therefore, korean public health viewing system was analyze in order to suggest the local community health viewing system sheme of construction. The insufficiency of the analyzed result public health monitoring relation law and system, tribe of the public health monitoring organization and human agency, inefficiency of the public health monitoring relation information system, and etc. showed. For the local community health viewing system construction, the revision of the public health monitoring related law of the community consistency, adjustment of the public health monitoring organization of the local community and human agency and reinforcement of the Capability, reconfiguration of the public health monitoring information system and integrated operation, link of the local community association and social economic structure and cooperation, and etc. were proposed.
  • 2.

    A State-Comparative Study of Social Finance: Focused on the Ecology of Social Finance in UK and France

    Hyun-Jong Yoo | 2016, 27(2) | pp.31~63 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Social finance can be defined as a blended investment to consider both economic benefits and social impact and was introduced as an alternative to state and market to overcome the fiscal limitation of welfare expenditure. In terms of previous condition of introducing social finance, UK has introduced social finance as the alternative to neoliberal reforms of welfare with restraints of liberal welfare regime such as market dependency, voluntarism and welfare pluralism, but France has attended to it as the alternative to conservative corporatism to resolve unemployment and population aging under the tradition of cooperatives and social solidarity. The UK has introduced it to assist social enterprises through private financial market, but the France has focused on organizing social funds and public finance to be flowed into the sector of social economy. Despite the difference of social finance between the UK and the France, policy transfers have happened through multi-level paths among EU, governments and civil entities, however, it is hard for institutions to be converged because of social economic and institutional differences of contexts. As an implication, Korea should consider both features of developmental state and marketization as a result of previous neoliberal reforms and social investment of large scale public funds such as unemployment and pension run parallel with social impact investment of private resources.
  • 3.

    A Study on the ‘Decoupling’ Experienced by Public Employees in the IS Audit Process of Information Program

    Lee, Cheouljoo | Sim, Kwang-ho | 2016, 27(2) | pp.65~92 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This paper is a case study of the IS audit process of the information program in the public sector, and includes in-depth interviews with those involved in the process. There have been no previous studies that have attempted to conceptualize and develop a theory of the behavioral and psychological processes undergone by those subjected to such an IS audit. Using a grounded theory approach, we conducted a detailed analysis of the decoupling experienced by public employees in the process. Based on the results of open, axial, and selective coding and of this analysis, we found that the main driver of the decoupling phenomenon and related activities is that public employees aspire after technological environments and ignore institutional environments. This central impetus comes about under political and organizational performance pressure which places focus on short term and efficiency criteria, and as a result of an expertise deficit on the part of public servants, the lack of experience and the prejudices of auditors, the short time frames and broad scope of audits, and the inherent characteristics of public organizations. Public employees take strategic actions to consolidate technological environments and ignore institutional environments, including displaying distrust of IS audits of the information program and apathy toward them. Such attitudes consequently cause auditors to write perfunctory reports and public employees to reluctantly accept them, all of which require modifications of the IS audit process.
  • 4.

    A Study on Change of Productivity Factors by Relocation of Government Department: Case Study of Rural Development Administration

    Oh, Young Kyun | 2016, 27(2) | pp.93~112 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The productivity of government is dependent on many factors and they can be changed by relocation of government department. Each component factors should be testified because the impact of relocation might be huge. Data were collected from 283 employees and multiple regression analysis was employed to test hypotheses. According to the results of regression, First, we can find that total number of personnel, working conditions and communication variables are identified as meaningful factors to the productivity before relocation. Second, total number of personnel, turnover of research staff, maturation of toil, job satisfaction are the important factors to the productivity after relocation of rural development administration. Third, we should consider new factors which impact to productivity after relocation of government department. Fourth, special characteristics should be considered after relocation. Last, incremental performance goal is not desirable.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Subjectivity of Emergency Disaster Management Based on Social Media

    Kim,Sun kyung | 2016, 27(2) | pp.113~130 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study analyzed the undergraduate students’s subjective perception types of emergency disaster management based on social media by appling the Q-Methodology. To achieve the purpose of this research, I had constructed 27 Q questions based on the focus group interview with 23 undergraduate students and literature review. These Q questions were offered to 26 undergraduate students for applying the Q methodology. The subjects were divided into three types signifying different attitude of emergency disaster management based on social media: Type 1- ‘Negative・Unbelief Type’, Type Ⅱ- ‘Vitalization・Urging Support Type’, Type Ⅲ- ‘Positive・Recognition Type’. Meanwhile Common items in three different types are as follows: ‘Disaster information is passed quickly’, ‘Citizens are actively willing to provide information’, ‘Citizens have a will to share information’. Based on these results, this study suggests future policy implementation for emergency disaster management based on social media and also expects to get a role as theoretical basis for future study through analytical approach concerning the subjective perception of citizens
  • 6.

    The Effect of the Renewal Portfolio Standards(RPS) on Electric Power Generation in Korea

    김준영 | Sung-Bae Kim | Sangook Park | 2016, 27(2) | pp.131~160 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of RPS, if any, on the increased generated outputs of new renewable energy. The study conducted empirical analysis of new renewable energy generation outputs in 16 cities and provinces for ten years between 2005 and 2014 to analyze the effectiveness of RPS. A model was set to assess the effects of RPS by analyzing previous studies and domestic cases of RPS for more detailed analysis. Considering that the objective of RPS was the increased generated outputs of new renewable energy, the investigator set the generated outputs of new renewable energy comprised of solar, wind, bio, fuel cell, and ocean energy as a dependent variable. Independent control variables include economic, power, and energy factors that were external factors that could influence the generated outputs of new renewable energy in addition to RPS. The analysis results show that RPS had positive effects on the increased generated outputs of new renewable energy, which empirically confirms that RPS based on its legal force was effective for increasing the actual generated outputs of new renewable energy in domestic cases. Of other control variables, system marginal prices related to the profit of new renewable energy businesses had effects on the generated outputs of new renewable energy.
  • 7.

    Dynamics of Governmental Reorganization Process: Focused on ICT Related Ministries

    JUNG, YONG-NAM | 2016, 27(2) | pp.161~200 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this research is to understand the dynamics of the governmental reorganization process in the area of ICT in Korea. For this, this research uses an institutional approach, policy network approach, and Kingdon’s multiple stream framework(MSF). The result of the analysis shows the usefulness of these three approaches in understanding the dynamics of the reorganization in the ICT area. Korea has institutional characteristics where the reorganization process repeats every five years due to the single-term presidential system. And there have been a repetitive flux of similar problems and solutions in this area, accompanied by various network relationships surrounding the reorganization process. Among them, the Ministry of Information and Communication(MIC) related policy network is very influential because it has characteristics of the policy community since it’s inception. The research implies that the more closed the policy venue is, the higher the importance of the personal network between the policy makers and the members of the policy network is. As the ICT area gets more complex and various network relationship develops, continuous conflicts among ministries are expected to occur in relation to reorganization. Given the fact that various networks exist in this area, future reorganization should be carried out in a more corporatism based manner.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Influence of Roles Stress on Organizational Commitment: Focused on Moderating Effects of Leadership in Police Organization

    Lee, Dae-Woong | 손주희 | KWON, GI HEON | 2016, 27(2) | pp.201~236 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to present a empirical model for relating role stress and organizational commitment in police organization. Especially, this model is based on a premise that the relationship between role stress and organizational commitment is moderated by leadership type. Hence this research tried to classify the type of leadership into two categories(trasactional leadership and transformational leadership). Results showed as follows: first, role conflict negatively affected on the affirmative commitment, whereas Role ambiguity positively affected on the affirmative commitment. Secondly, the moderating effects of leadership were different in follower’s situation. To put it concretely, in a role conflict situation, the transactional leadership was to further aggravate both affective commitment and normative commitment than transformational leadership. On the other hands, transactional leadership was more efficient when the followers are suffering in role ambiguity. Based on the presented results, there is no single way of leading to enhance organizational effectiveness. Namely, every leadership style should be based on certain situation where their subordinates are. Because modern society has been changed to NPS, police officer cannot help going through role stress. Therefore we should design to manage role stress of police officer for not only organizational effectiveness but also the safety of the people. The researchers tried to suggest public administrative and public policy implication in the aspects of national development as well as the satisfaction of individual police officers. We hope this study would strive to contribute to designing the future policy.
  • 9.

    A Study on the Effect of Working Experience while in College on the Labor Market Outcomes: Focused on the Wage and Job Mismatch

    정기덕 | CHO, MIN HYO | 2016, 27(2) | pp.237~259 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract PDF
    Using data from the Graduates Occupational Mobility Survey (2010), this study analyses the effect of work experience while in college on labor market outcomes upon graduation focusing on whether the type of work matches the student’s college major or not. Labor market outcomes were measured as monthly wage and the degree of job mismatch of which the latter is an outcome that had been neglected in the field of public policy. Results indicated that only experiencing work which matched one’s college major led to higher wage and less job mismatch compared to those who had never experienced work which matched their majors. On the other hand, we found that the probability of experiencing job mismatch increased as the number of work experience increased. This indicates that work experience irrelevant to one’s college major could have a negative effect on labor market outcomes. Policy implications are discussed.
  • 10.

    A Comparative Analysis of the Formation of INDCs in Korea and New Zealand

    이동길 | Yun, Sun-Jin | 2016, 27(2) | pp.261~294 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The 2015 UNFCCC COP-21 in Paris laid foundations for a new climate change agreement and according to the 2014 Lima Agreement, UNFCCC member states were required to submit INDCs that include greenhouse gas emissions reduction goals on October 1st, 2015, before COP-21. This study analyzes the governance of the process of formation of Korea's INDC and compares it with the case of New Zealand which has similarities to Korea in its implementation of a national emissions trading scheme and is highly recognized in the field of governance. The analysis framework of the study was selected prior to the analysis through the review of various previous literature. The research methodology includes literature research, participant observation and in-depth interviews. The results of the study show that although the Korean government's long-term operation of the public-private joint review team was a positive aspect, its methods of collecting opinions after disclosing the emissions reduction goal was quite insufficient. This issue is made more distinct through comparison with New Zealand. The following improvements are necessary for future climate change governance: first, although the operation of the public-private joint review team was a desirable aspect, information must be made more transparent in the future; second, the collection of opinions from more diverse members of society must be made possible; third, after collecting public opinion, the inclusion of the opinion must be made more public by publishing a document; fourth, in the stages of publicizing information, documents related to the preconditions, emission projections and analysis model should be widely disclosed to the public.
  • 11.

    Institutional Design of Fiscal Rules System in Korea: Focusing on Comparative Institutional Analysis of Fiscal Rule Framework of U.S. and Sweden

    Lee, Jeonghee | 2016, 27(2) | pp.295~339 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Presently in Korea, there is increasing interest in fiscal rules generally and PAYGO rule in particular, partly due to the deteriorating fiscal health and pressure from international monitoring organizations. Students of public finance in advanced countries have studied institutional mechanism of fiscal rules under the institutional framework of their countries’ budgetary and legislative deicision-making. At the institutionalization stage, still in Korea fiscal rules and PAYGO rule are treated as independent entity without relations to the current legal and institutional system. At the same time, scholars have not paid enough attention to the systme of fiscal rules and just examined the institutional features of each type of fiscal rule. This study tries to fill the gap by studying institutional mechanism of combination of fiscal rules within the legal and institutional framework of Korean political system. For this purpose, this study examines the mechanism of expenditure limits in Sweden and PAYGO rule in U.S. federal government. It is because Korea has hybridization of parliamentary and presidential political system and this dictates legal and institutional environment around optimal fiscal rules similar to these countries. This study examinies institutional credibility of fiscal rule system and checks institutional complementary of candidate fiscal rules. By studying institutional characteristics of fiscal rules, this study concludes that combination of overall expenditure limit and PAYGO rule is mostly needed to curb irresponsible discretionary fiscal policy. This fiscal rules systems should be complemented by institutional support by other institutions such as tax expenditure budget, active budget watch, scientific fiscal forecasting.