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2016, Vol.27, No.3

  • 1.

    Exploratory Study on Design of Measurement System of National Debt and Liability: Application of Social Measurement Theory and Concept Analysis

    Lee, Jeonghee | 2016, 27(3) | pp.1~35 | number of Cited : 2
    There has been increasing interest in the development of valid and reliable debt statistics around advanced countries and international financial community. Research community also tries to replace old debt statistics with several alternative debt related indicators. This study tries to examine the validity of these debt statistics theoretically and propose new measurement approach and indicators based on the social measurement theory. The author found that most debt indicators reflect part of the economic burden connoted by debt and liability. By applying social measurement theory, the author proposes the alternative debt indicator and measurement system which includes indicators for contingent and implicit liability. This study concludes that multiple indicators approach that is applicable to the multiple debt indicators systems are preferable. This system is also fit for production of various indexes, such as fiscal burden index, when one applies predetermined parameters.
  • 2.

    Financial Publicness and Organizational Performance: The Case of Higher-educational Institutions in Korea

    Lee Kyung Eun , Young-Han Chun | 2016, 27(3) | pp.37~63 | number of Cited : 11
    This study investigates the impact of financial publicness on organizational performance and explores the moderating effect of various contextual variables with a sample of 227 Korean universities. The findings indicate that financial publicness of Korean universities has a positive impact on organizational performance, such as quota retention rate, the number of total articles per a professor and the number of excellent articles per a professor. And a variety of contextual factors, such as organization age or task difficulty have moderating effects on the relationship between financial publicness and organizational performance.
  • 3.

    The Reform Process of Government Employees Pension in 2015 Revisited through Kingdon’s Multiple Streams Framework

    김선빈 , Hyunjoo Chang | 2016, 27(3) | pp.65~91 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    This article aims at explaining what streams have affected the reform by analyzing the reform process of government employees pension in 2015 through Kingdon's multiple streams framework even though it resulted in a parametric reform. Results show that the problem stream has been made for a long time because the problem of the budget deficit of government employees pension has appeared since 1990s, but prior reforms have failed to resolve it. In particular, time of development of politics and policy streams was not clearly divided despite all streams should be independent since the reform was done for a relatively short period of time upon the incident of the vessel 'Sewol'. Also, the process for alternatives to remain has been reduced since many policy communities appeared. A political burden that reform should be complete no later than 2015 prior to the general election scheduled in 2016, built a strong politics stream, and as a result, Saenuri Party inevitably became a strong policy entrepreneur with the president. The reasons for the reform, which was complete for a short period of time through compromises with multiple stakeholders, are that politics stream was strong and definite policy entrepreneurs facilitated a policy change.
  • 4.

    College Student Perceptions of Stalking and Police Intervention

    Eunyoung Kim | 2016, 27(3) | pp.93~112 | number of Cited : 4
    This current study has a purpose to examine whether various correlates factors influence on the college students’ perception of stalking. Especially, this study has a focus on examining the impact of the factors such as gender, gender of the victim/offender, and previous relationship between the victim/offender in a stalking setting. Further, this study seeks to determine what factors may influence the intention of reporting a stalking incidence to the police. To fulfill the study purpose this study developed six separate multi-variate regression models with a set of data collected from three universities located in different provinces (n=182). Regression results indicate that college students generally have an general agreement on understanding the categories of stalking behaviors. However, in terms of police reporting behavior, this study found that college students are more likely to report a stalking if the victim and offender previous relationship are a divorced couple, or the victims’ gender are female. The Implications, contributions of this current study and directions for the future study are discussed.
  • 5.

    Policy Network Analysis on the Enacting Process of the Climate Change Act in the UK: Through the Application of Social Network Analysis

    강정훈 , 윤순진 | 2016, 27(3) | pp.113~145 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyzes the policy network observed during the legislation of the Climate Change Act in the United Kingdom, utilizing the social network analysis (SNA) of news articles to identify the key factors that enabled the legislation of the Climate Change Act. The legislation process was first divided into three periods: policy-suggestion, policy-discussion, and policy-legislation. Thereafter, the key factors of policy network such as the major actors, their interactions, and structure of relationships were analyzed by each period. Furthermore, the major actors were analyzed in depth by the SNA indicators, such as degree centrality, in-degree centrality, out-degree centrality, betweenness centrality, and prestige centrality. Finally, the structure of relationships in the network is was analyzed by density, centralization, degree centrality, and geodesic path. The results of the study show that the policy-suggestion period was characterized by active interactions among the various actors and the structure showed decentralized characteristics. The major actors during this period included the government, the Conservative Party, and Friends of the Earth. Meanwhile in the policy-discussion period, a centralized structure prevailed, and the major actors included the government, Gordon Brown, and the Conservative Party. The policy-legislation period showed the strongest signs of centralized structure and its major actors included the government, the Friends of the Earth, and the Conservative party. Through these findings, the research identified the key factors that enabled the legislation of the U.K.'s Climate Change Act to be the followings: the formation of strong will and consensus among actors, the coalition among actors, and the publication of the reports based on scientific and economic grounds.
  • 6.

    An Institutional Frame Analysis on Public Conflict: Focusing on the Gijang Seawater Desalination Project

    Kim, Chang Soo | 2016, 27(3) | pp.147~176 | number of Cited : 6
    The purpose of this paper is to analyse public conflict around Gijang Seawater Desalination Project in Busan Metropolitan city through institutional frame analysis. The findings are as follows. Firstly, Gijang area is located near in danger of being damaged by the 6 nuclear power plants. So it was very difficult for the residents to get desalinated water and reach an agreement in terms of internal-situational conditions based on the attributes of the community affecting the structure of action arena. Secondly, Lee Government's DAD(Decide-Announce-Defense) approach based on the deficit institutions aggravated conflicts and antagonism among the residents in Gijang regions. Thirdly, the frame conflict between the Busan Water Authority and will-be desalinated water-supplied residents made disagreements more deepened. Lastly, the related actors failed in building the consensus through mediation without any kinds of authentic discourse, and the litigation began. So I suggest that the revision of the unfair game rules about conflict and environment assessment, and the introduction of the fair-and-representative committee be needed for the mediation and consensus-building. I also suggest that cognitive conflicts about the economic validity of the desalination project, water safety for drinking, environmental assessment, and procedural legitimacy should be resolved through the revision of the unfair and deficit game rules.
  • 7.

    Interpretive Methodology of Research for Public Administration

    Bae Byung Ryong | 2016, 27(3) | pp.177~198 | number of Cited : 2
    This study attempts to introduce and explicate interpretive methodology of research for public administration in Korean Public Administration Society. Interpretive methodology is contrasted with positivist methodology in many respects. Those respects are assumptions of ontology and epistemology, research orientation, design attitude, preparing for generating data, generating data in the field and archives, analyzing data, evaluative criteria. Firstly, interpretive methodology is based on subjective philosophy of ontology and epistemology, and oriented toward meaning-making, contextuality, hermeneutic- phenomenological sensibility, constitutive causality. Secondly, interpretive methodology use abductive logic of inquiry, prior knowledge and expectation(preunderstanding), dynamic flexible research design, and regards agents(subjects) as participants in research and research as world-making. Thirdly, in preparing for generating data, interpretive methodology use educated provisional sense-making, start with prior knowledge, hermeneutic circle-spiral, access and choice of settings, actors, archives, documents et al. Fourthly, in generating data in the field and archives, interpretive methodology makes maps for exposer and intertextuality, bottom-up and in situ concept and theory development, explores of concepts in ordinary language, local knowledge terms, revises design as needed. Fifthly, in analyzing data, interpretive methodology use hermeneutic sensibility, namely, coherence and logic of argumentation. Finally, evaluative criteria of results of interpretive methodology are interpretation criteria(thick description, reflexivity, mutual review) and understanding criteria (authenticity, transferability, action orientation).
  • 8.

    Policy Tools, Street Level Administration, and Performance: The Case of Creativity Education Policy in Korea

    Kim, Nanyoung | 2016, 27(3) | pp.199~224 | number of Cited : 0
    This article examines the effect of policy tools, street level administration and implementation condition on policy performance in creativity education policy in Korea using both secondary administrative data and survey data gathered from 191 higher middle school teachers. The findings suggest that the impact of policy tools varies according to type: while curriculum regulation has statistically positive and significant relationship with performance, neither facility improvement grant nor creative management grant does. It is also suggested that street level bureaucrat expertise and school management are positively associated with performance. The article concludes with a discussion of the impact of policy tools, street level administration on policy performance.
  • 9.

    A Comparison Analysis on Priority for Installation Standards of Employment and Welfare Plus Center: Focused on Calculation and Apply of Relative Weight

    Ahn Kyung-Sup | 2016, 27(3) | pp.225~252 | number of Cited : 0
    This study was analyzed relative weight installation criterion(ex: administrative demand, physical approach, etc) in the future and was compared with EWPC(employment welfare plus center). And was discussed the implications and follow-up directions of the diffusion strategy for the reasonable standard, size and method of setting up the EWPC(employment welfare plus center) in the mid to long term.