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2017, Vol.28, No.1

  • 1.

    Grounded Theoretic Approach to the Experience of Public Sector Social Workers: What is the Problem?

    Sung Geun Kim | 2017, 28(1) | pp.1~29 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    A lot of studies have been done on the severe workload of public social workers, and many policies are initiated to ameliorate the problem. However, relatively few information has been disseminated on what exactly the burden means to the social workers themselves, other than the quantitative aspect of their job. By an analysis based on the grounded theory, I try to describe how the social workers perceive their work and how they relate the perception to different aspects of their job environment. It turns out that the public social workers in Seoul area see both the interaction between them and the clients and between them and other colleagues holding general administrative duties as an important source of job burden. On the other hand, I find that the workers in area other than Seoul think that there is a fundamental difference between them and people in general administration, and it is not well acknowledged. Both of the findings suggest that in order to make a more effective policy intervention, it is required to make a more qualitative change in the social service administration, specifically in the way the interaction between the workers and clients, or their colleagues, should take place
  • 2.

    How Do Corruption Experienced Citizens Understand Causes of Corruption?

    Ko, Kilkon | 조수연 | 2017, 28(1) | pp.31~56 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Although most corruption research has focused on the variables explaining the perception or intention of corruption, this study empirically identifies the factors affecting corrupt behaviors of citizens who have actually offered grafts to public officials. We examine time-invariant factors affecting corrupt behaviors in three dimensions- economic, institutional and cultural, using the survey data of KIPA (Korean Institute of Public Administration) on the corruption status in public offices of Korea from 2008 to 2012. Analysis results suggest that the citizens who offered grafts to public officials perceive high degree of expected benefit, possibility of disclosure and punishment level as causes of corruption. Among them, expected benefits turn out to be the most important and time-invariant factor. Meanwhile, the cultural and institutional factors are not significant. Even though the expected benefit is statistically significant, the predicted probability to commit graft is less than 10% even if citizens hold the highest expectation of benefits. It implies that marginal benefit of anti-corruption policy by reducing expected benefit may not be large as we expect. Hence we need to consider not only the benefit of controlling the causes of corruption but also the marginal cost of anti-corruption policies.
  • 3.

    Co-authorship Network Analysis in Korean Public Administration Research Field: From the Perspective of Interdisciplinary Research

    Lee, Minho | 2017, 28(1) | pp.57~87 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This study intended to analyze the co-authorship networks in Korean public administration research field from the perspective of interdisciplinary research, using the database of 67 scholarly journals and 27,233 articles for 2002-2016. In addition to describing the traits of interdisciplinary research in public administration research field, this study aimed to find out what kind of authors on the scholarly network have done interdisciplinary researches. Under the hypothesis of core network, this study tested empirically the relationship between the experience of interdisciplinary research and network centrality index. As results of empirical analysis, though traditional interdisciplinary relations with other classical social sciences such as politics, management, and law have been reduced, it was found that new type of interdisciplinary researches have been increased with policy administration and individual policy researches. Moreover, this type of interdisciplinary researches turn out to be done by the authors positioning at the center of the co-authorship network, which supports the hypothesis of core network.
  • 4.

    The Impact of R&D Investment in Private Manufacturing Industry on Employment Creation

    Lee Seok Min | 2017, 28(1) | pp.89~107 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of R&D investment on job creation in private manufacturing companies by using the simultaneous equations estimation. According to the results of the analysis, it is found that R&D investment of private manufacturing companies in Korea has not positively affected employment in high, medium, and low technology industry. This is different from the compensation theory that technology innovation creates employment in the long run and the domestic and overseas research cases that support it. In particular, these results are far from the goals of science and technology innovation aimed at economic growth and job creation. In conclusion, the private sector and the government should promote sustainable national competitiveness and economic growth by achieving the goal of job creation through R&D and technological innovation.
  • 5.

    A Research on the Concept, Development, and Institutionalization of Social Economy

    Eun Sun Lee | 이현지 | 2017, 28(1) | pp.109~138 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract
    The core of contentions in “Framework Act on Social Economy” initiatives in 2014 is related to the scope of the social economy, the system of policy-making, and jurisdictions. The reason why controversial debates have continued in the scope and definition of social economy in South Korea is that various type of social economy organizations has appeared before the concept of social economy has not fully discussed. This research is an attempt to clearly identify the concept of the social economy through the analysis of concepts, development, and indigenization of the social economy in France, the United Kingdom and the United States. This research discusses the emergence and re-emergence of the social economy from the 19th century (old social economy) to the 21st century (new social economy) with an adaptation of ‘double movement’ by Karl Polanyi, the third sector debates which have influenced on the scope and concept of the social economy today.
  • 6.

    Social Welfare Volunteer Participation and Prospect of Upward Mobility: Focused on the Applicability of the POUM Hypothesis

    LEE, JAEWAN | 2017, 28(1) | pp.139~165 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to explore the applicability of POUM (Prospect Of Upward Mobility) hypothesis in the social welfare volunteer participation. In other words, this study first examines the relationship between social class and social welfare volunteer participation, and then analyzes moderating effects of the prospect of upward mobility (POUM) on the relationship. To this end, 「2013 Seoul Survey」 data were used. A Zero-Inflated Negative Binomial Regression analysis taking into account interaction terms between social class and POUM was conducted. As a results, upper-middle class had significantly less participated in social welfare volunteer than lower-middle class(= reference group). And POUM had significant plus sign on the social welfare volunteer participation. The interaction terms between social class and POUM significantly moderated social class and social welfare volunteer participation, which empirically supports the POUM hypothesis of Bénabou and Ok (2001) in social welfare volunteer participation.
  • 7.

    Evaluating the Efficiency and Technology Gap of Local Public Enterprises Using a Metafrontier Super-Efficiency Model

    Yoo, Keum-Rok | 2017, 28(1) | pp.167~191 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This article analyzes the efficiency and technology gap of 67 facilities management corporations financed by 67 primary local governments in 2013 with nonradial metafrontier and group frontier super-efficiency models, tests for differences in efficiency and technology gap, and then suggests policy and academic implications. Summarizing analytic results, first, efficient corporations are 10, while inefficient ones are 57. Second, there are no technology gaps in 11 corporations, whereas there are technology gaps in 56 corporations. Third, the group frontier super-efficiency of corporations invested by county governments is higher than that of corporations funded by city and borough governments, while the technology gap of corporations capitalized by county governments is larger than that of corporations financed by city and borough governments. These results indicate that the management technology of corporations invested by county governments is lower than that of corporations financed by city and borough governments. Finally, suggesting policy and academic implications, local autonomous entities should consider the options for setting the standard costs of contracting-out projects by measuring the efficiency and technology gap of local public facilities management corporations, and it is useful to utilize the metafrontier and group frontier super-efficiency model in order to analyze the efficiency and technology gap of public enterprises.