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2017, Vol.28, No.2

  • 1.

    A Study on the Influential Factors on Senior Officer's Morale Based on Herzberg's Theory

    강창희 | Yonghoon Kim | 2017, 28(2) | pp.1~27 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Korean military has developed and been managed in a rational way being comparable with developed countries, breaking from insolvent convention in the early stage. However, it still raises doubts that how much Korean military has been improved in terms of intangible strength behind quantum leap of concrete strength. Especially, morale of military is a will that one does not keep compensation in mind but sacrifices oneself and accomplishes their duty based on sense of duty, pride and an invincible spirit. It is different from morale of society so it is important to research politic plan for maximizing morale. Also, the study was proceeded on the basis of 'Herzberg two factors theory', the very theory that explains human desire the best, to find out the relationship between the theory and defined military morale factors through this study. Therefore, 14 factors have been independent variables including achievement, responsibility, acknowledgment, stability of job, welfare level, payment level, personal relationship within workplace among motivator・hygiene factor through precedent researches and then pride and self-respect have been dependent variables for analyzing effects of independent variables on dependent variables, analyzing moderating effects with demographic factors including parent service, commission classification and class. This study has been conducted through the survey of 327 senior officers and statical analysis has been done through SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 22.0. Path analysis utilizing multiple regression analysis and structural equation model and multigroup analysis have been conducted. As a result, the movtivator had a positive influence on morale of senior officers and hygiene factor, on the other hand, had no influence. Following examination of multiple regression analyss represented that not only motivator but also hygiene factor provided an influence on the morale, however the influnece was tenuous. The thesis of this study was clearly proven, Herzberg two-factor theory was proven through the influential relationships between motivator, hygiene factor and morale. According to this, it has been proved that Herzberg's hypothesis 'the motivator has much more influences on senior officer's morale than hygiene factor does' to be applied to morale of senior officers.
  • 2.

    Government Performance on Citizen Participation: Considering Trust in Government as a Moderating Variable

    김민혜 | Lee, SeungJong | 2017, 28(2) | pp.29~54 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Government performance, citizen participation and trust in government are critical issues on recent studies. Though the importance on public administration, the effect of government performance on citizen participation has rarely been studied and tested empirically due to a lack of data. Besides, recent studies have never been conducted to use trust in government as a moderator variable. The purpose of this study is to examine how the effect of government performance on citizen participation differs depending on the degree of trust in government. To solve this research question, we set the independent variable as government performance, dependent variable as citizen participation categorized into 2014 local election turnout and non-electoral participation, and trust in government as a moderator variable. We used 2014 survey data of Koreans' recognition toward government conducted by Korea Gallup and have tested a hypothesis using logistic regression and multiple regression analysis. The results indicate that government performance is a statistically significant factor on non-electoral participation. Then, trust in government is included as a moderator variable on the analysis, we confirm its moderating effect on both kinds of citizen participation, but we cannot find differential effect of trust in government regarding two types of participation.
  • 3.

    The Preliminary Study on the Personnel Management of the Affiliated Organizations to Central Departments: Case Analyses of Circulating Personnel Practices

    Hyoung Sung Kim | CHO, KYUNG HO | 2017, 28(2) | pp.55~82 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study has been thought on the basis of the fact that there have been piled considerable conflicts and complaints in the circulating personnel matters between central departments’ headquarters and the affiliated organizations. We found that there have been strong misconceptions in the relationship between the two parts on account of the strong recognition that 'Headquarters make a policy while the affiliated organizations traditionally performs only the executive function in personnel affairs of the central department'. However, it has been grasped that there has been rising a great change of recognition from the existing awareness according to the elements such as relocation to Sejong-si for the greater parts of central department, the increasing service will from female civil servants for the hometown, and the extended recognition toward civil servants' quality of life recently. Therefore, we need to establish the evident personnel rule for the circulating practices between central departments’ headquarters and the affiliated organizations, which has been disregarded in the departmental personnel administration. First of all, we need the reasonable adjustment for promotion incentive pursuant to the importance by clarifying the assessment of consequence between headquarters and local offices(the affiliated organizations). For example, the Ministry of Environment has prepared the rational foundation for the purpose of adjusting the promotion T/O & the promotion term based on this. It is judged that this will result in intensifying the desire of working in headquarters from civil servants who want to stay in their hometown as well as making them more competitive in public offices. Second, though the relevant intention of head of a team, chief of a bureau for deciding to supplement the vacancy of headquarters used to be greatly affected in the past, now we have to establish the reasonable channel of career, prepare the evident conditions for the status of headquarters and construct the fair competitive system for each position. It is expected that the policy of the personnel administration by the system will be of great help in improving the complaint against personnel affairs and hierarchical cultural awareness between headquarters and the affiliated organizations. This study has utilized an inductive method for the purpose of recognizing and improving the problems which may appear in the personnel matters of the affiliated organizations for each central departmental agency. Thus the study has been a little bit threatened for the internal validity due to the random choice of the analysis target.
  • 4.

    What Made the Social Conflicts Related the Policy Nuri Program Finance?: Based on IAD Policy Analysis Framework

    KIM Cheolhoi | 2017, 28(2) | pp.83~110 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Government enforced Nuri Program which integrated kindergarten under the Ministry of Education and day care facilities under the Ministry of Health and Welfare Department in 2012. Conflicts related finance for the policy, however, between central government and local government(Metropolitan and Provincial Offices of Education) continued, even were exacerbated year again year, and the press call it ‘Child-care Chaos’. This paper analyzed the key causes of social conflicts related the policy of Nuri Program finances based on IAD policy analysis framework. As the results, firstly, in the light of physical conditions, local education subsidy had the characteristics of commons, and authority for use of it was not clear. Secondly, in the light of community attributes, central government and local government had different value systems. Thirdly, central government compelled local governments to execute the policy based on authority rule without participating local government, even with inaccurate information about future local education subsidy prospects. In the conclusion, this study recommends that future policy of Nuri Program finances should be changed to clear the authority for use and to assure the participation of local government through legislation process in congress.
  • 5.

    The 21st Century Green Revolution, An Analysis on the 6th Industrialization Policy Case Studies in South Korea and Japan

    Park Mee-ouk | 2017, 28(2) | pp.111~144 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    In the era of climate change and global economic crisis, the demand for industrial revolution is known the 21st century Green Revolution that is distinctively different from the existing information revolution. Such trend is a type of the “Low Carbon Green Growth” which the MB government claimed as the government’s keynote. The “6th Industrialization of Creative Economy,” which are carried forward in the current government, are another type of the Green Revolution. However, today’s Green Revolution is not the same as the conventional Agricultural Revolution that used trees as an energy source back in the 17th century. Today’s cutting-edge scientific technology, huge business capitals, and technology such as ICT are able to drive the production processing-sale with One-stop System such as the Smartfarm. The 6th industrialization is a convergence concept of an industrial structure in that it is managed organically, processing productions of the primary industry as the secondary industry, then managing the products through distribution, sales, and tourism as the tertiary industry. Therefore, the 6th industrialization is what the author calls the Green Revolution in the form of a new agricultural revolution. Such situation can cause problems such as manpower shortage and absence of professional knowledge in the agricultural and farming industry, lack of legal and institutional devices, lack of public relations, aging, absence of cooperation among the related government departments, and absence of proper monitoring system. A few political subjects suggested by an author in order to resolve such problems, a control tower needs to be established, and ‘mutually-cooperated agricultural governance’ must be managed in accordance with the technical cooperation that ‘Manna CEA’ have been researched and developed “Korean Smartfarm-Aquaphonics and mutual cooperation of multiple partnerships.
  • 6.

    Organization Change Management for Successful Government Reorganization: The Moderating Roles of Organizational Trust

    Son Sun Hwa | Yong Suk Jang | 2017, 28(2) | pp.145~169 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This study examines the impact of organizational change management on organizational effectiveness after government reorganization. In addition, we aim to identify the implications for management of effective organizational restructuring by empirically analyzing the moderating effects of organizational trust. The Lee Myung-bak administration introduced organizational restructuring, but public officials rated these organizational reforms as relatively ineffective and struggled to achieve the administrative goal of organizational restructuring. Previous studies of governmental reorganization have rarely examined effective reorganization empirically or recognized government officials as direct stake-holders in reorganization. We analyzed the factors affecting the perception of the effectiveness of government reorganization based on the moderating effects of organizational change capacity and organizational trust. We found that change-oriented culture, organizational change learning, and organizational change capacity had significant impacts on organizational reorganization effectiveness, but organizational change learning only had a significant influence when organizational trust was moderated. In other words, in the situation of higher levels of organizational trust, reorganization led to more positive perceptions of the effectiveness of organizational reorganization. However, in the case of low organizational trust, our findings suggest that organizational change learning should be managed and supported before reorganization occurs. These findings contribute to our understanding of preliminary change management for reorganization, and have wide applications in both governmental organizations and many public organizations.
  • 7.

    An Empirical Study on the Refusal Cases of Central Government’ Authorities Transfer to Local Government: Focus on Jeju Special Self-Governing Province

    Yang, Young Chul | 2017, 28(2) | pp.171~194 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    As the democratization of Korea continues to rise, the local government is still alive, but it is difficult for local autonomous government to operate its government because the central government has yet not to transfer its authority to local governments. The Jeju Special Self- Governing Province has chosen in order to drastically resolve the difficulties. Still, the central government is frequently denied authority on Jeju Special Self-Governing Province. This study analyzes all of the rejected cases and analyzes why they are rejected. The analysis concluded that the central government was determined not to decide whether or not to transfer it according to the principle of transfer authority, but rather to its own self-interest. The new government announced that it will complete the Jeju Special Self-governing province model. Because the new government should drastically transform theirs authorities to Jeju Special Self-Governing Province, and Jeju Special Self-Governing Province should be promoted and contribute to the development of the nation and others autonomous governments.
  • 8.

    Individual Factors Versus Organizational Factors: Determinants of Performance in an Internship Program for Korean Traditional Music Majors

    이미애 | Chung-Lae Cho | 2017, 28(2) | pp.195~216 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study found the factors which determine the performance of internship program for Korean traditional music majors. The program performance was measured by the employment of the interns after the program. It is hypothesized that two factors important for the interns’ employment are the characteristics of the participants, that is the interns and organizations where the interns worked, of the program. For the empirical analysis 2009, 2010, 2011 year data of individuals and organizations were used. A logistic regression model was developed in which the interns’ employment was used as the dependent variable and the characteristics of individuals and organizations participating in the internship program were used as independent variables. The findings are as follows: (1) if the organization where the interns work is a private organization, the possibility of their employment increases (2) the larger the financial scale of the organization is, the higher the possibility of the interns’ employment (3) the interns’ chance of employment becomes higher when they work for an organization that participated in the program for two consecutive years rather than a single year (4) the interns’ work experience is an important individual factor that increases the chance of their employment.
  • 9.

    Examining the Policymaking Process of Kim Young-ran Act: Using the Combined Model of ACF and MS

    정기덕 | 정주호 | Min Jung Kim and 1other persons | 2017, 28(2) | pp.217~245 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to critically analyze the policymaking process of Improper Solicitation and Graft Act, often referred to as the Kim Young-ran Act, and suggest the policy implications. Authors use a combined model of the Advocacy Coalition Framework and the Multiple Streams Framework to overcome the limitations of the single model and examines policy change more precisely. Results show that three flows of problems, politics, and alternatives were confirmed, and conflicts between the advocacy coalition occurred three times while the flows flowed independently. The tragic sinking of ferry Sewol was an external shock and attracted the attention to Kim Young-ran Act, which had been pending in the National Assembly. In addition, revealing the tape-recording case of Prime Minister Lee Wan-koo was an internal shock which opened a window of policy. At this moment, Kim Young-ran Act passed the National Assembly plenary session, however, the conflict between the advocacy alliances continued. After the constitutional decision by Constitutional Court, the conflict was lulled and Kim Young-ran Act was implemented as planned. These findings suggest that proper modification or convergence of policy making model is useful for comprehensive and systematic analysis, rather than relying solely on single model, since the actual policy decisions are made very complex interaction of various factors including accidental events.