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2018, Vol.29, No.1

  • 1.

    A Study on Publicness Perception Types using Q Methodology

    Kim,Sun kyung , 박정민 | 2018, 29(1) | pp.1~21 | number of Cited : 5
    It is assumed that publicness can be diversified as a value related to the direction and goal of society and reflects the value of its members. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the subjective perception of publicness based on this premise and to classify it. To this end, this study applied Q methodology which is used as a useful method to find out cognitive characteristics according to the internal criteria of individuals. As a result of the study, the perception of publicness was divided into five types. Type Ⅰ is open condition-oriented type, Type Ⅱ is critical communication-oriented type, Type Ⅲ is distribution value-oriented type, Type Ⅳ is diversity recognition-oriented type, and Type Ⅴ is instrumental discussion-oriented type. Meanwhile, the consensus among these types was that ‘It is not necessarily worthwhile to be done by an authorized subject’, 'publicness does not necessarily correspond to social consensus', and 'it is not against private'. The results of this study found that there is a wide variety of perceptions about publicness, and it is necessary to focus on the direction of open condition(Type Ⅰ) and critical communication-orientation(Type Ⅱ) with high factor weight. This study is expected to provide the basis of publicness research for the realization of socially oriented values ​​in the future.
  • 2.

    Relationships between Governance and Leadership under Changing Administrative Environments

    Choi, Taehyon , Jung, Yong-duck | 2018, 29(1) | pp.23~51 | number of Cited : 5
    As the heterogeneity and complexity of the administrative environment increases, different modes of governance and leadership have been applied simultaneously to the practice of public administration. However, little theoretical attention has been paid to how different governance systems and leadership styles can be woven together. In this research, we explore the theoretical relationships among different modes of governance and leadership. We particularly focus on the effects of the changing environment in public administration. We first develop four ideal types of public administration regimes that incorporate political culture, governance system, and leadership style, based on their elective affinity. Then we inclusively explore potential relationships between different leadership styles under a governance system. Out of them, we develop five theoretical propositions based on the restriction of the public administration environment.
  • 3.

    Is Government Financial Support for Industry-university Cooperation Effective?: Analysis of Changes in Efficiency of University after LINC Program using Game-Cross Efficiency model and Genetic Matching Approach

    Moon, Kwang-Min | 2018, 29(1) | pp.53~82 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    This study began with the question "Is the LINC upbringing project effective as a government - funded project for university - industry cooperation with universities?". In order to answer these research questions, we set the analysis period of five years from 2011 to 2015 and applied the game cross - efficiency model to measure the efficiency of industry - academia cooperation in 148 universities. As a next step to examine the effectiveness of the LINC project, the LINC project college was set as the treatment group and the genetic matching method was used to establish the control group with homogeneity. In order to determine whether there is a difference in efficiency depending on whether or not the business is conducted before and after the LINC project and the business 1 (2012-2013) and business 2 (2014-2015) Model analysis. As a result, it can be seen that the efficiency of industry-university cooperation improved on the average by the implementation of the LINC Phase 1 project, but the LINC project 2 improved the average efficiency of industry-university cooperation compared to the first phase of the project but it was statistically significant There was no. Based on the limited results of the LINC project, the policy implications related to the industry - university cooperation policy including the LINC project are presented.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Stakeholder Perception of Effects of Collaborative Governance on Economic Revitalization: Focused on the Mediating Effects of PPPs(Public-Private-Partnerships)

    김명주 , Kyungsup Ahn | 2018, 29(1) | pp.83~118 | number of Cited : 2
    This study empirically investigated the Stakeholder Perception of effect of collaborative governance on economic revitalization through mediation of PPPs. As a result of the main analysis, some elements of collaborative governance have a significant effect on the activation of the PPPs and revitalization of the economy, even though its overall effect is limited. Collaborative elements such as autonomy and productivity have a positive effect on PPP activation, and other elements such as openness and productivity have a positive effect on economic revitalization. The mediating effect analysis shows that element of collaborative governance like productivity has a positive (+) effect on economic revitalization through mediation of PPPs. Based on these results, we discussed the theoretical and politic implications and the necessity of follow - up research.
  • 5.

    Bureaucratic Structure, Strategy, and Performance: An Empirical Analysis on Korean Quasi-Governmental Organizations

    KWON BO KYUNG , Lee Kyung Eun , Young-Han Chun | 2018, 29(1) | pp.119~143 | number of Cited : 17
    The aim for this research is to find an empirical evidence of the relationship among bureaucratic structure, strategy, and organizational performance of Korean quasi-governmental organizations. There has been a consensus of strategy and structural fit leads to organizational performance. Miles&Snow(1978) had suggested organizations which adopted defending strategy, centrally operated structure is appropriate in that it is beneficial for pursuing efficiency. On contrary, prospectors are apt to have decentralized and participative decision-making process for better performance. However, reactors did not have specific form of structure in the literature. Despite fruitful research for the subject in the business field, there has been dearth of empirical research tried to test the relationship between strategy and bureaucratic structure for the improvement of organizational performance. Among our findings, given by strategic types, some results were consistent with previous research, however, some were different to the extent. Defenders with higher level of formalization had strongly positive effect to the performance. This result has importance in that the fit between defending strategy and formalization has not been empirically tested yet. Like previous studies, reactors with higher red tape had detrimental effect to organizational performance. In contrast, higher group of prospecting strategy with bureaucratic structures did not have significant difference to the performance. These results can contribute to the study on strategies of Korean public organizations
  • 6.

    An Empirical Study of Motivation, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, and Quality of Life in the Korean Public Sector: With a Focus on the Self-Determination Theory

    서은혜 , LEE HYO JU , PARK, SUNG MIN | 2018, 29(1) | pp.145~185 | number of Cited : 28
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines how autonomy, competence, and relatedness influence public service motivation, using Self-determination theory. Furthermore, this study demonstrates how extrinsic motivation and intrinsic motivation affect organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and the quality of life (QOL) of public sector employees in Korea. First, according to the results, satisfaction on pay and welfare, which are one of the representative extrinsic motivations, had statistically significant effects on public service motivation. Second, it was revealed that autonomy, competence, and relatedness moderate between extrinsic motivation and intrinsic motivation. Third, motivation was found to have significant positive effects on OCB and QOL. Based on these results, the study suggests both theoretical and practical implications, emphasizing that an innovative program designed to develop public service motivation needs to be introduced to enhance both the OCB and the QOL in the Korean public sector.
  • 7.

    An Empirical Study on the Factors Influencing Online Citizen Participation

    Park Eun Hyung | 2018, 29(1) | pp.187~210 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    This study would demonstrate the influences of the socio-economic status of citizens, online resources and psychological factors on the three key behaviors of online citizen participation. Focusing on alternative hypotheses in which different empirical grounds were presented, this study investigated if online citizen participation in South Korea would reflect inequality in the traditional citizen participation as it was. As a result of an analysis, using Heckman Selection Model, in spite of the recent survey result that the gap in physical accessibility to digital devices had decreased greatly, it was observed that in the use of the Internet, there were still significant gaps according to age, income level, and education level. However, to examine the characteristics of online citizen participation, focusing on Internet users, there was no great difference according to individual socio-economic status. Rather, it turned out that the positive influences of digital literacy related to information sharing ability and online network level were significant, regardless of the characteristics of each type of participation. Socio-economic background and individual level of interest in society differed depending on the type of participation. For participation in a relatively simple form like “the expression of opinions about public issues, ” no differences were reported by age and by education level, while it turned out that the participation of unemployed people and the people interested in the whole society was relatively more active. For online voting, educational level only was a significant factor affecting that, and it was noted that the higher the educational background, the more active the activity became. However, there were noticeable differences in policy suggestion and proposal activity, which could be said to be a more advanced form of participation according to the socio-economic background. The people with a higher income level and educational background participated more actively. Also, it was reported that men participated more actively than women did. For the gap by age, unlike the general recognition, rather, those in their 30s-60s participated more actively than the younger generation.
  • 8.

    Analysis of Administrative Service Satisfaction According to Level of Government-Citizen Contact: Focusing on the Difference between e-Government and Alogue Government

    Sabinne Lee | 2018, 29(1) | pp.211~231 | number of Cited : 2
    In the 21st century, Korea's e-government has developed rapidly. In particular, the introduction of e-government in the public service area has the positive expectation that it will reduce the workload of public officials by converting the government services from the street-level domain into the system domain, which improves citizen's satisfaction with the public service. Respectively. But did the introduction of e-government increase the satisfaction of civil service? Does the introduction of e-government reduce service satisfaction by reducing contact between citizens and service providers? In this study, we compared the satisfaction of the people who visited the government web page and the people who received the service by directly visit public institution, and the effect of citizen-contact (citizen-contact) in order to re-examine the effect. In addition, we will examine how the degree of satisfaction varies depending on the size of institutions and the level of government trust that respondents have. As a result of the empirical analysis, the service satisfaction of the people who visited and served directly by the government web page was higher than those who received the service via an internet. However, even if they visited directly, statistical significance disappeared when the size of visited institutions increased. This is an empirical evidence that it is more effective to use the direct visit method to secure citizen satisfaction and citizen contact rather than e-government. Lastly, when we divide survey respondents into two groups by the level of government trust, the government trust is more influential than the service provision type. The result of this study shows that the direct - visit method which can make citizens' contact with public service delivery can be highly satisfied. In addition, by exploring the significant influence of government trust, we were able to explore the possibility of government trust as an alternative to citizen contact, especially when government is difficult to contact citizens.