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2019, Vol.29, No.4

  • 1.

    A Study on the Introduction and Indigenization of Government Team System

    Young-Geun Yoon | Do Myeongrok | 2019, 29(4) | pp.1~29 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This paper aims to analyze the indigenization process of the team system introduced by the Roh Moo-hyun administration and explain the cause of the failure of the team system to root in terms of the path dependency of the system. The team system, which was fully introduced to all ministries and municipalities at the time of the Roh Moo-hyun administration in 2005, was applied in the Korean context, not in the original meaning of the team system, due to the lack of related system. As a result, it was impossible to operate the horizontal team in the original meaning, so the middle managerial reemergence was experienced. Since the introduction of the team system was conducted in a coercive manner, there was no strong consensus on the necessity of the team system. In the end, the political support for the team system was lost and the team system was quickly abolished. From the present point of view ten years after the abolition of the team system, If it is selectively applied according to the task not the old one, the team system will be useful again.
  • 2.

    An Analysis on the Importation and Indigenization of Executive Agency

    HA TAE SOO | 2019, 29(4) | pp.31~54 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Executive Agency(EA hereafter) is an institution that allows a manager to operate implementation work of government affairs and take full responsibility for the performances with publicness being maintained. EA was launched in 1988 in the UK when the Next Steps Reform began. Korea began to prepare to import the institution from 1997, legislated related laws in 1999, and have enforced EA since 2000. The Kim Young-Sam and Kim Dae-Jung governments imported EA to get legitimacy from foreign and domestic environments in order to confront OECD entry and foreign exchange crisis, but at the same time distorted EA away from its original intent. Then the third parties such as public administration scholars raised many critics against the distortions and the successive governments revised and indigenized EA towards its original intent. Right after the importation, the appearance was close to UK EA but the level of autonomy of its manager was very low. These kinds of distortions were caused by authoritarian and hierarchical Korean organizational culture, the then contingencies that lacked budget, government personnel, and rules right after the foreign exchange crisis, and the incongruity between political and symbolic purposes of the then ruling politicians and the original intent of the institution. In the stage of indigenization, however, the autonomy of its manager or the institution was partially strengthened to become a little bit closer to its original UK institution because the critics raised by the third parties were partially accepted. The number of entities that were designated as EA also increased and the autonomy of the institution or its manager was improved. Nevertheless, there is still significant gap between UK EA and Korean EA.
  • 3.

    The Introduction and Indigenization of the Gender Budgeting System

    Eunsoon Park | 2019, 29(4) | pp.55~87 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Gender budget i.e. gender sensible budget means considering gender impacts throughout the entire fiscal management process such as budgeting, implementation, and settlement, which is not limited to the budget of individual business units for women support or gender equality but also has a meaning as a system for overall fiscal management. The indigenization of the gender budget system in Korea is explained as follows. First, it was introduced by voluntary imitation of foreign institutions. Second, there was not enough resources for the setting of gender budget format, gender equality target system, the selection of business for gender budget, gender budget analysis, gender impact assessment, the improvement of implementation system, and the education of public officials. Third, women's organizations and female lawmakers played very significant roles in the introduction process. Fourth, after the introduction, the institution was repaired and the legal bases of the system was strengthened to expand the scope of the project. The gender budget system in Korea has been very distorted away from the original one, so it is recognized as a financial system for the parties concerned and has not affected the improvement of gender equality. The reasons are the apathy of lawmakers, the low status of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family in charge of the issue, the lack of the education for public officials and the development of gender analysis techniques, and the weak awareness of the Korean society of the need to improve gender equality.
  • 4.

    Indigenization of Participatory Budgeting

    YOON, SUNGIL | Lim Dong Wan | 2019, 29(4) | pp.89~115 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Since participatory budgeting was first started in Porto Alegre, Brazil, it has been introduced to many countries in America, Europe and Asia. In South Korea, participatory budgeting was first introduced in Bukgu, Gwangju city, and more and more local governments have adopted participatory budgeting. And all local governments have been required to adopt participatory budgeting by the amendment of Local Government Finance Act in 2011. This study aims to analyze the indigenization of the participatory budgeting in South Korea and develop policy suggestions for the participatory budgeting. The indigenization of participatory budgeting can be divided into two models in South Korea. One is path dependence model and the other is path evolution model. Path dependence model like Bukgu, Gwangju city has the characteristics of maintaining its original form in Porto Alegre. Path evolution model like Seoul city has the characteristics of gradually changing its original form in Porto Alegre. This study suggested that if the participatory budgeting should be operated in reflecting the context of local governments of South Korea while preserving the basic intentions and values of the participatory budgeting, the participatory budgeting could be successful indigenization in South Korea.
  • 5.

    A Study on Publicness in A Global Society: Global Publicness and Sustainable Development Goals

    Kim, Boram | 2019, 29(4) | pp.117~149 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study aims to extend the idea of publicness discussed in the domestic dimension to the global dimension. In general, publicness is considered significantly as a public value that a society should pursue in order to ensure the public interest. In the era of globalization, we need to discuss publicness in a global society considering the public interest beyond the boundaries of the states. This study explores the meaning and components(agency, interest, accessibility) of the publicness in the domestic and global society based on Benn & Gaus(1983)’s approach of publicness, and analyzes United Nations(UN) and Korean Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs) in terms of global publicness. In this study, ‘Global publicness’ means that the various agents in public and private sectors make decisions and act to ensure the substantive and procedural accessibility to the human right of all members in the global society. Also, this study shows some challenges of the SDGs to solve global problems and ensure the interest of global society through global cooperation beyond the national boundaries. In order to cope with the limitations, it is necessary to systematically consider multi-level interests in the global society and improve accessibility to activities, interaction, and information in the SDGs. The ‘Global Publicness’ approach can help the global society find ways to address global issues such as climate change, poverty, nuclear security and protectionism facing the world today.
  • 6.

    Public Service Motivation and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Focusing on Moderating Effects of Bureaucratic Organizational Characteristics

    Kuk-Kyoung Moon | Jae Young Lim | 2019, 29(4) | pp.151~175 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Motivations of individuals within an organization can vary, depending on circumstances facing them. But most studies on public service motivation have focused only on its direct effects. But doing so without considering diverse organizational contingencies may lead to an faulty analysis. This articles studies not only direct effects of public service motivation on organizational citizenship behavior, but also moderating effects of organizational characteristics on the relationship between public service motivation and organizational citizenship behavior. Among organizational characteristics, the study choose centralization and formalization as those moderating variables and rely on the self-determination theory to explain the logic behind the moderation. Empirical results show that public service motivation has positive relationship with organizational citizenship behavior. The results also demonstrate that the greater centralization and formalization becomes, the less impact public service motivation has on organizational citizenship behavior. The results imply that, to strengthen public service motivation of individuals within an organization, top-level managers need to give more discretions to rank-and-file employees and to avoid excessive formalization of rules and procedures.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Mediating Effect of HRM on the Relationship between Job Stressors and Job Satisfaction of Social Welfare Officials

    Jeom-Mo Bae | 2019, 29(4) | pp.177~197 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    In recent years, social welfare services have been expanding day by day due to widening social welfare demand. In addition, the newly added social welfare work is complicated and ambiguous due to the nature of the work, and there are many cases where it conflicts with the role of the relevant public officials. In order to cope effectively with these job stressors, HRM(human resource management) such as promotion, pay and evaluation should be performed efficiently. In this regard, this study analyzed whether the HRM for social welfare officials has mediating effects on the relationship between job stressors(role overload, role ambiguity, role conflict) and job satisfaction. It is shown that HRM has a significant mediating effect on the relationship between job stressors and job satisfaction. Also in order of promotion, evaluation and pay, HRM factors had a relationship with HRM. In addition, role overload and role ambiguity have a negative relationship with HRM. Therefore, it is necessary to mitigate the role overload and to reduce role ambiguity.
  • 8.

    Impact of Local Public Services Quality on Migration Intention

    Seo, Ra-beol | SUNG, WOOKJOON | 2019, 29(4) | pp.199~223 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to verify empirically the influence of municipal public services on migration. The factors influencing the migration were classified into life cycle, individual characteristics, and economic status, and public services provided by local government (public facilities service, transportation service, and disaster safety service). Logistic regression analysis showed that life cycle, individual characteristics, and economic variables had significant effects on migration intention. Especially, the satisfaction of public facilities provided by local governments and the satisfaction of moving within the residential area have a significant effect on reducing immigration intentions. The significancy of this study is to verify the effect of public service factors on the intention to migrate even when considering all the factors affecting the existing migration by using reliable data. Based on the results of this study, it is expected that the efforts of the local governments to induce the population flow through the expansion of the public facilities will be needed.
  • 9.

    An Analysis of Types and Characteristics of Local Governments Auditing in Major Countries: Focusing on France, the United Kingdom and Japan

    JI SOOK YANG | 2019, 29(4) | pp.225~256 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to review the audit systems of foreign local governments and compare the characteristics of them, and to draw up suggestions for the improvement in the future. Accordingly, the case analysis was conducted for France, the United Kingdom, and Japan, which are the representative countries that are considered important in the discussion of the local audit system and are referred to the improvement for our local audit system among OECD countries. This study reviews the composition of audit institutions, audit functions, and relations between audit institutions by focusing external auditing. As a result, there are differences in the types and characteristics of local audit institutions depending on the local administrative environment, and it is necessary to consider the points applicable to our situation throughout various foreign cases. Specifically, it is important to consider the local administrative situation in discussion of the composition of local audit institutions, and the role of audit institutions is to be reasonably shared among audit institutions. For the relationship between audit institutions, it is important that local audit institutions actively support local governments and local councils and establish a cooperative relationship with the Supreme Audit Institutions(SAIs). In future environments where decentralization is strengthened, the demand for decentralized audit systems at the local level will increase. Therefore, it is important to perform the audit through cooperation and support between the SAIs and the local audit institutions and to establish an efficient audit system that enables local residents to verify the local operation.
  • 10.

    Management Plan for The Oldest Old Participants in ‘Job Creation Projects for Elderly’

    Lee, Suk-Won | Soojeong Hur | 변재관 and 1other persons | 2019, 29(4) | pp.257~281 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The purpose of this paper is to study the management and arrangement methods of ‘Job Creation Projects for Elderly,’ while focusing on the oldest old (aged 80 or older). In this study, we examined to see which method of job selection and management is more suitable for the oldest old: (a) selecting jobs fit for the elderly from already existing jobs, and providing those jobs exclusively to the oldest old, or (b) allowing the oldest old and the young old to participate in the workplace together, which is a method that is currently in use. The data used to analyze the participation status of the oldest old in the abovementioned project were provided by 2014-2015 Saenuri system. We conducted focus group interviews with a total of 77 participants, including those aged 80 or older, under 80, staff members affiliated with executing the project, and clients of the project. While maintaining the current system of placing the oldest old and the young old together, developing new jobs exclusive for the oldest old with deteriorating physical and cognitive functions is expected to be the most effective method of providing jobs for the elderly. With this result, we suggest classifying and dividing jobs based on physical and cognitive abilities, rather than age. This way, young old suffering from premature deterioration of functions may also participate in the work force along with the oldest old.
  • 11.

    A Study on the Effect of Time Use of Local Public Officials on the Expectancy Disconfirmation on the Overall Public Service

    JUN, DAESUNG | 김장회 | 2019, 29(4) | pp.283~305 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the effect of time use on the expectancy disconfirmation on the overall public service among local public officials, through which it suggests measures to enhance organizational performance by improving job satisfaction of local public officials. According to the results of this study, the expectancy disconfirmation on the overall public service of local public officials increased as the average working hours increase, but the expectancy disconfirmation significantly decreased as the autonomous working hours increase. In addition, the role ambiguity act as a negative regulatory variable in the relationship between autonomous working hour and expectancy disconfirmation. The results of this study suggest the necessities to investigate measures to improve job satisfaction of local public officials utilizing time use, to enhance organizational performance by improving work autonomy, and to reduce job stress of public officials.
  • 12.

    Autonomy and Control in the Science and Technology Related Public Sector Research Institutes: A Comparison of United States and Korea

    JUNG, YONG-NAM | 2019, 29(4) | pp.307~348 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Autonomy and control disputes continue in public institutions, especially in the science and technology related public sector research institutes. The purpose of this study is to compare autonomy and control of the Korean Government-supported Research Institutes and the US National Laboratories, the model institution of the Korean GSRIs. Based on the extant research, the autonomy and control-related fields are divided into 'governance', 'ex ante control' and 'ex post control' in terms of 'to whom is the research institute responsible?' and 'how does the government ensure the responsibility of the research institute?', respectively. From the comparison of the two countries, it seems that it is difficult to view government control of research institutes in Korea as more severe than that of the US. Autonomy and control fields are influenced by national characteristics, and some institutionalization can be observed. In terms of governance, US national labs have been responsible towards a single ministry, but in the way they were responsible, market side was emphasized more, and ex post control was more prominent. In Korea, the responsibility of the GSRIS for the ministry was not clear due to the existence of the research council, but the hierarchical ex ante control was somewhat prominent with regard to securing responsibility. The results of the study show that it is necessary to increase the linkage with the ministry in order to secure the responsibilities of the GSRIs in Korea. Also, considering the characteristics of the research institutes, it is desirable to avoid appointment of the directors by the government or frequent restructuring of the GSRIs. The research results imply that in the planning process, it is necessary to expand the role of researchers. Moreover, in maintaining the appropriate level of autonomy and control, it is important to acknowledge the role of the PSRIs, to build a trusting relationship between the ministries and research institutes, and to form a culture of responsibility among researchers and institutes.