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2019, Vol.30, No.2

  • 1.

    Democracy and Regional Development through Devolving the Authority from the Central Government to Local Governments

    SO JIN KWANG | 2019, 30(2) | pp.1~30 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    This paper aims to explore the logic of devolving the authority or power from the central government to local governments through democracy and regional development perspectives. The novelty of this study is reviewing the devolution of the central power from the essential approach of designing local governments in contrast to previous studies’ comparative approaches with foreign countries. So far, local autonomy used to be viewed as the requirements of democracy, and as the efficient apparatus to raise people’s quality of life through regional development, but its operating mechanism would not be explained. This paper tries to explain how the devolution of the central authorities to local governments contributes to democracy and regional development. Individual freedom needs corresponding responsibility to make democracy work. Even the best designed representative democracy, if any, cannot realize the ideal goal of democracy. However, local autonomy at grass-root level, such as Maul(village), Myun(commune) and Eup(township), can complement representative democracy by promoting people’s initiatives and ownership, based on people’s direct participation. Regional development on people’s needs can be reproduced by distributing public benefits in the more fair way. Small is beautiful, and also forms the basis of big one by stratifying people’s demands in the public sector as well as in the private sector. This paper ultimately shows that justice in human society can be practiced better by local governments at the grass-roots level than by the centralized authority or bigger local governments. This paper also suggests local governments at the grass-roots level can satisfy the current paradigms of regional development such as ‘community governance’, ‘social capital’ and ‘sustainability’ effectively. In conclusion, small, dispersed and decentralized organizational entities can work better to meet people’s needs for public interests by promoting people’s initiatives and ownership. People’s initiatives and ownership can make democracy work better, and people’s needs for public interests are geared with quality of life, the final goal of regional development.
  • 2.

    The Effects of Public Service Motivation on Innovative Behavior and Moderation of Transformational and Transactional Leadership.

    Jae Young Lim | Kuk-Kyoung Moon | 조혜진 | 2019, 30(2) | pp.31~53 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    A growing body of literature has shown that public service motivation is a powerful factor of organizational effectiveness in the public sector. Yet, little attention has been paid to organizational contexts in which public service motivation can encourage public employees to generate new ideas and efficient ways to achieve work goals. Thus, using the survey data drawn from Korean central and local agencies, this study explores the impact of public service motivation on innovative behavior as well as the moderating role of transactional and transformational leadership on the relationship between the two. The statistical results indicate that public service motivation is positively related to innovative behavior. Further analysis shows that transactional leadership attenuates the positive relationship between public service motivation and innovative behavior, whereas transformational leadership enhances such relationship. The implications of these results for public administration and public administrators are also discussed.
  • 3.

    Effects of Public Service Motivation on Job Satisfaction among Korean Firefighters: Differential Mediating Roles of Value Congruence

    Hee S. Shim | Do Myeongrok | Seong, Si Kyung | 2019, 30(2) | pp.55~78 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This paper aims to examine whether firefighters’ public service motivation(PSM) affects their job satisfaction(JS), as well as whether the PSM-JS link is mediated by two types of value congruence(VC). Given that today’s Korean firefighters fall under the dual command structures of national and local governments, it should be noted that an individual firefighter can have differential VC for respective governments. Using the “Safety, Health, and Welfare of Firefighters” data collected in 2014, we estimate a parallel two mediator model with multiple individual and organizational variables being controlled. Results from a series of SEM approaches indicate that PSM has a direct effect on JS, as well as that only one type of VC plays a mediating role in the PSM-JS relation. Specifically, employee-national government VC mediates the impact of PSM on JS, but employee-local government VC fails to reach statistical significance. Stemming from these findings, several policy implications are highlighted.
  • 4.

    The Effect of Change Management on Innovation Behavior in Government: Focused on the Moderating Effect of Goal Ambiguity

    Kwon Han Jo | LEE, JAEWAN | 2019, 30(2) | pp.79~103 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of change management on innovation behavior in government organizations, and furthermore to analyze whether the goal ambiguity moderates the relationship between them. To this end, multiple regression analyses were conducted using the “2017 Public Employee Perception Survey”. The results of the analysis are as follows: First, change management has a significant positive effect on innovation behavior, suggesting that change management that systematically manages and supports resistance accompanying government innovation promotes innovation behavior. Next, goal ambiguity was found to weaken the relationship between change management and innovation behavior. This is presumably because the ambiguity of the goal of government organizations prevents the members from clearly seeing the direction of change management and innovation behavior. These findings suggest that leadership is needed to embrace the anxiety and resistance of members, which are inevitably accompanied by government innovation, and to give them personal consideration and support. In addition, the reason why the people felt less than the efforts for government innovation was that the effect of various change management strategies was halved because of the high goal ambiguity. For effective government innovation in the future, it is necessary to go beyond change management to clearly recognize the overall goals of the organization and to provide clear evaluation criteria for the achievement of such goals.
  • 5.

    The Effects of the Type of Public Institutions by the Characteristics of Outputs in the Public Sector on Pursuing the Established Goals of Public Institutions

    Haeyoon Lee | 2019, 30(2) | pp.105~135 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to give one of the rational principles to arrange the public institution in public service grouping. To this end, this study verified the effects of the public institution's types on their performance grounded the established goals of public institutions. The theoretical framework set on public sector outputs by Fukuyama(2004: 55-58) with specificity and transaction intensity using two indicators to measure financial performance and work efficiency, respectively. The analysis applied the difference-in-differences model using the data collected from reports of public institutions management evaluation performed by the Ministry of Economy and Finance in Korea. The results showed that services in high specificity or high transaction intensity tend to have lower the scores of significant business indicators than the other counterparts. Technology-oriented services with high specificity and high transaction intensity tested that the basic salary was high and the average rate of regular employees was high. This study found the criteria for that classifying the types of public services in low specificity in public institutions in Korea. This study contributes to the public sector's performance management by improving the understanding of public institutions.
  • 6.

    The Effect of Sejong City Relocation on the Quality of Policy-making

    Kim, Chan-woo | Ha, Hyue Su | 2019, 30(2) | pp.137~163 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of central government 's transfering into Sejong City on the quality of policy decisions. The effects were measured based on the three theories (geographical proximity, decision making under time pressure, and group discussion) presented in previous studies. For this purpose, we used the survey results of 254 public officials in 10 central government departments. Using DID analysis We found two major results. First, the opportunities for face-to-face contact and the reduction of group discussion opportunities have had a negative impact on the quality of policy decisions. Second, the effect of relocation of Sejong city was different according to the rank, the work personality and residence. Therefore, in the future policy, it is necessary to prepare an alternative considering the position and the work personality with increasing the opportunity of face-to-face contact and group discussion.
  • 7.

    Analysis on the Operational Status of Residents’ Lawsuits

    Hye-Young Ha | 2019, 30(2) | pp.165~194 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    This study aims to draw the political implications by analyzing the operational performance of residents’ lawsuits. To achieve the goal, the operational status, court results, and social impacts were analyzed through the 36 cases that were closed for thirteen year period between January 2006, the first enforcing year of the residents’ lawsuit, and December 2018. The results showed that plaintiff won only one case in residents’ lawsuits against defendants among 36 cases and the remaining cases were one withdrawal, five rejects, and 29 losses. While the resident lawsuits have not been frequently utilized and most of the litigation results have been lost by the residents, there have been social ripple effects, such as changes in related systems or projects due to the process or results of the resident lawsuits. In order to improve the system in the future, the courts need to alleviate the strict application of illegality, and a way to alleviate the burden of attestation on the plaintiffs who are residents. It is also necessary to discuss the improvement of residents’ request for inspection system, which must go through before the lawsuit. Lastly, relevant regulations should be set in more detail by enacting the relevant law for residents’ lawsuit or revising the local autonomy act.
  • 8.

    An Analysis to the Process of British ‘One In, One Out(OIOO)’ System Transfer to Korean Government

    HYUKWOO LEE | 2019, 30(2) | pp.195~223 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The regulatory cost management system(CIOO), adopted from the model of OIOO in the UK, was introduced in 2014. The system, which links new and enforced regulation introductions with existing regulatory reforms, has been expected to be able to provide regular incentives for regulators such as government agencies and bureaucrats. However, this system has rapidly shrank with the change of political regime in 2014. The change of president, who has strong influence of the government, is a great threat to guarantee the sustainability of the system. The regulatory cost management system, which requires a high level of expertise for the analysis of regulatory costs, has been difficult to reconcile with the Korean government which has a bureaucrats operated based on rotation system. As a result, bureaucrats recognized regulatory cost management system as a heavy burden and somehow got to be incentivized not to be adjusted their behavior to this new system. The exclusion of the application of life and safety related regulations combined with this bureaucratic incentives played a role in significantly reducing the number of regulations which be able to be applied the regulation cost management system. Through this analysis, it can be confirmed that the indigenization of foreign system to the import country necessitates chemical bonding considering the state system of the importing country, the public personnel system and the bureaucratic incentives.
  • 9.

    A Possible Classification of R&D Regulations by Government R&D Process

    이지은 | Sangook Park | 2019, 30(2) | pp.225~256 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    In this research, R&D regulations that directly affect R&D activities are identified. Further analysis reveal their characteristics, with which we selected criteria for a possible classification. The objective of this approach is to report the current status of R&D regulations, to raise attentions from the related research community, and to enhance our understanding of R&D regulations. We firstly reviewed previous literature in both traditional regulation research strands and science and technology policy researches. Among six candidate criterion, ‘target of regulation’, ‘R&D program stages’ and ‘nature of regulation’ are deliberated selected to design two matrices for the taxonomy, followed by topologies(mapping) with regulation examples to verify its relevance. The result shows that R&D regulations exist throughout all the stage of R&D, and a major part of those relates societal dimension, mainly on individuals. This research may imply for future policy contribution as improving the quality of R&D regulations will be beneficial for better R&D performance.
  • 10.

    The Influence of Digital Literacy on Privacy Concern

    KIM Si jeoung | CHOI, SANG-OK | 2019, 30(2) | pp.257~284 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Because of the growing amount of digital technology and people’s increasing dependence on that, digital literacy and privacy should be considered as a vital factor in contemporary digital society. We evaluated the effect of first-level and second-level digital literacy on privacy concern. The research analyzed 72,474 sample longitudinal data based on the ‘Korean Media Panel Survey' from 2014 to 2016. The results showed that digital skill has a significant effect on digital usage. In addition, while medium related skill has a significant effect on privacy concern, the effect of contents related skill is questionable. Finally, social usage did moderated effects of the relationship between digital skill and privacy concern, productive usage did not. This study identifies the theoretical foundations of digital literacy and privacy concern. Also, the findings of this study can provide empirical evidence to better understand the digital literacy and privacy concern.