Korean Society and Public Administration 2022 KCI Impact Factor : 1.51

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pISSN : 1225-8652

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2020, Vol.31, No.1

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    The Effect of Expectancy Disconfirmation of Public Services on Settlement Intention: The Mediating Effect of Citizen Participation

    LEE JIEUN , Lee, SeungJong , Hyerim Lee | 2020, 31(1) | pp.7~37 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to verify a hypothesis that citizen participation has the mediating effect on the relations between expectancy disconformation of public services and settlement intention among local residents. To that end, this study analyzes “2019 Survey on Community Wellbeing in Korea” through stepwise regression. The findings show that the expectancy disconformation of public services has negative effect on the settlement intention and has the mediating effect of citizen participation. The same relations appear in the analysis by types of public services. This study finds that the effect of expectancy disconfirmation of education/culture/welfare type was strongest in settlement intention. In the light of policymaking, this result suggests that local government should provide public services that conform with their residents’ expectations for the sake of continuous settlement of the residents. It also suggests that local governments need to promote settlement intention by prioritizing the types of public services they provide in order of expectancy disconfirmation.
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    A Study on SMEs and Startups Policy Governance

    KIm sunyoung , Hong Sang Jeong , Ha, Hyue-Su | 2020, 31(1) | pp.39~59 | number of Cited : 2
    The Ministry of SMEs and Startups and other ministries form a network by participating in the national SMEs and Startups policies. Policy coordination works in a governance relating to the processes of interaction and decision-making among the central ministries involved in the national SMEs and Startups policies. This study sets up an analysis framework to examine the characteristics of policy governance for SMEs and Startups based on the theory of polycentric governance and network governance. Based on the analysis framework, the problems of SMEs and Startups policy governance are diagnosed and this study suggests policy alternatives.
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    Changes and Continuations in the Perception of Bureaucrats in the Employment of Gender Equality

    Seo, Inseok | 2020, 31(1) | pp.61~84 | number of Cited : 3
    on the issue of awareness of gender equality recruitment targets and awareness of women's promotion to high-ranking positions, this study wanted to analyze how the personnel system of public organizations has brought about long-term changes to the members of the organization. The analysis was conducted by applying the potential growth model to the 'public life awareness survey' (214-2016). The results of the analysis were able to produce some of the following implications: First of all, it was difficult to raise awareness of gender equality in the promotion of gender equality and women's perception that gender discrimination exists in the promotion of high-ranking positions, and the effect of gender equality recruitment in the promotion of high-ranking positions was not confirmed hypothetically. It was judged that the realistic limitation of the small number of women in high-ranking government officials did not lead to cognitive change. Second, a gender-specific analysis did not confirm the consequences of gender differences leading to long-term differences in perception. Precedent studies consistently identified gender effects, and there was a difference from this study. This difference is that the preceding study focuses on relatively short-term changes in perception, while this study deals with relatively long-term perceptions. Of course, since this study is based on data equivalent to three years, it is necessary to confirm it through follow-up research. Finally, the relationship between the rate of change could be confirmed through the analysis of potential growth pathways between gender, gender equality target recognition, and awareness of women's promotion to higher positions. Each potential variable did not have the effect of the change, but the gender equality target system had the effect of the change rate for women's promotion to higher positions. It means that continuous institutionalization of the gender equality target system can improve women's perception of discrimination itself. It was thought that the significance of this research was to identify the effects of long-term awareness improvement on an analytical and policy basis.
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    The Determinant Factors of the Public Agency Leaders’ External Networking Behaviors

    KANG HYEJIN , Jin Kim | 2020, 31(1) | pp.85~107 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The aim in this study is to examine determinants of public agency leaders’ networking behaviors. To be more specific, we focused on whether different appointment types induce differences in networking behaviors, which are demarcated into forming “bonding” or “bridging” ties. The analytical results depict that politically appointed leaders are not only more active in their overall networking endeavors but also in forming bonding and bridging ties. In addition, the leaders with expertise in management experience were more active in networking behaviors. On the other hand, the head of the agency with knowledge expertise was found to be more active in bridge-type networking than bonding. The findings of this study add to the literature by attesting to why appointment types and leaders’ previous expertise are important in managerial networking behaviors. Also, based on the findings, we suggest that the range of situational contexts of organizations as well as network characteristics should be taken into account in examining politically appointed leaders’ manifest strength and ability to exert influence.
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    The Effect of Good Governance as Institutional Quality on Entrepreneurial Motivation in High- and Low-Income Countries

    WOO CHANGBIN | 2020, 31(1) | pp.109~129 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article aims to shed light on the differences in the effects of six constructed governance indices on entrepreneurial motivation. Using an unbalanced panel dataset of 86 countries over 2010–2018, the study finds that good governance as institutional quality measured by WGIs is positively related to a desirable entrepreneurial activity represented by the ratio of opportunity-driven to necessity-driven entrepreneurship. More importantly, relative differences in the importance of institutional quality are found between the two groups of countries, i.e., high-income countries and low-income countries. The study suggests that countries at different stages of economic development find appropriate strategies fit to their situations to improve institutional quality and build environments that foster desirable and productive entrepreneurship.