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2020, Vol.31, No.2

  • 1.

    Exploring the Port Governance Restructuring Strategy: Focusing on Endogenous Institutional Change Theory of New Institutionalism

    Jang, SeokJun , KIM, JI WON , Song, Hyojin | 2020, 31(2) | pp.1~21 | number of Cited : 0
    This study has focused on deriving a port governance restructuring strategy in Korea by analyzing the cases of port administration system changes in major developed countries from the perspective of the theory of endogenous institutional change in new institutionalism. This is to apply and respond appropriately to the change in the administrative environment of port decentralization, which is actively discussed worldwide and actively promoted in policy. The theory of endogenous institutional change emphasizes that various types of institutional change appear according to the strategic choice of the actor in response to the environmental context. Based on this, we tried to analyze changes in the port management system and find implications for major countries such as the United States, China, Japan, the Netherlands, and Australia, where the movement of port decentralization is relatively strong. As a result, it was confirmed that the port governance of these countries has changed in various forms such as substitution, drifting, stratification, and transformation. At the same time, it was possible to confirm the characteristics of institutional isomorphism, which introduced the Port Authority system as a core system of an efficient and professional port management system. These results provide implications for the necessity of port decentralization in Korea and the restructuring strategy of port governance required at this time.
  • 2.

    The Effects of Marriage Immigrants’ Digital Adaptation on Social Adaptation in Korea

    Yi, Minsang , Kim, Dongwook , Cho, Youngmin | 2020, 31(2) | pp.23~61 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper discusses the effects of marriage immigrants’ digital adaptation on adaptation to Korea. The degree of digital adaptation is measured as the skill to use digital devices, the degree of use of digital technology for daily life, and capital enhancement. Considering the close relationship between adaptation and life satisfaction, The degree of adaptation to Korea is measured as overall satisfaction and satisfaction by sector. The analysis results show that mobile use skill and capital enhancement activities have significant positive effects on the overall satisfaction of marriage immigrants. The level of mobile use skill, PC/mobile daily use, and capital enhancement activities have significant positive effects on satisfaction by sector. In order to enhance the digital adaptability of marriage immigrants, digital use education, education on Korean digital culture and related languages, provision of platforms and services considering marriage immigrants, and collaboration among related ministries were suggested.
  • 3.

    A Case Study on the Success and Failure of Local Government Environmental Health Risk-Communication Projects; Focusing on the Cases of Yeonhyeon Village in Anyang-Si, Gyeonggi Province and Naegi Village in Namwon Si, Jeollabuk-do

    Park Mee-ouk | 2020, 31(2) | pp.63~105 | number of Cited : 0
    The quality of life is threatened as incidents related to various hazardous chemicals, which are recently emerging as a social problem, are frequent. In particular, countless environmental health risks are seriously occurring, including the humidifier disinfectant incident, the Gumibulsan and radon bed incidents, the Iksan Jangjeom village, Incheon Sawol village, Anyang Yeonhyeon village and Namwon Nae village incident. The humidifier disinfectant case is in progress, and the Yangjang village and Sawol village are in the process of taking active countermeasures along with the recognition of the risk of danger by the Ministry of Environment. However, as a result of an epidemiological investigation, Naegi Village concluded that it is difficult to prove a causal relationship with the Ascon plant, which was raised as a problem factor, so that the cause of damage to the occurrence of many cancer patients and death was concluded with no reason. However, as the testimony of experts who participated in the epidemiological investigation at the time in 2016 was revealed recently, the need to re-examine the situation in the Beet Village is emerging. For this reason, this study can be explained as a successful case of environmental health risk-communication among a number of local cases in which problems related to environmental health risk-communication, and Naegi village can be evaluated as a representative failure case. This study was selected to review the research and analysis of success and failure factors in these two regions. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors of success and failure of the two cases and present a more fundamental solution to the environmental health risk-communication problem in Korea as policy implications.
  • 4.

    A Study of Local Government Accountability

    Oh, Young Kyun | 2020, 31(2) | pp.107~126 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The characteristics of local government heads and members of local councils were empirically tested, particularly on how professionalism and related careers have affected local government accountability measured by integrity. In the process, several key conclusions and implications can be drawn. Among the personal characteristics of the head of the group and the local clinic, if there is a high degree of professionalism and relevant experience, a research question is asked whether it is possible to secure accountability more effectively. The results of the 5th and 6th local election results, which showed the personal characteristics of the local politicians, are related to the differences and commonalities among the groups. It appears that there is. In the case of a group head, selecting a person with high professionalism can be positive for integrity, and in the case of a local council, a person with a lot of public office experience can be positive for integrity. In addition, in terms of integrity, the claim that generational changes should be made in terms of age can be supported, and educational background is not a positive explanation.
  • 5.

    Organizational Culture and Public Officials’ Use of Family-Friendly Work Systems: The Case of the National and Provincial Governments in South Korea

    Jeong, Yeon-Baek , Lee, Jae-Wan | 2020, 31(2) | pp.127~150 | number of Cited : 2
    The aim of this study is to examine the extent to which public employees with children’s usage of family-friendly work systems is influenced by organizational culture embedded within the two highest tiers of the South Korean government (i.e. the national and provincial governments). To this aim, this study uses the dataset of the 2018 Public Work-Life Survey administered by the Korea Institute of Public Administration. In this study, by resorting to the Competing Values Framework, we divide organizational culture into four types: task-oriented, innovation-oriented, relationship-oriented, and hierarchyoriented. We typologize family-friendly work systems in terms of three types: maternity (and paternity) leave, workplace daycare, and flexible work arrangements. Using the data, we build a binomial logit regression model whereby the public employees’ usage of the family-friendly work systems is regressed on the four types of organizational culture extant within the national and provincial-level governmental organizations. The analysis results we report indicate that the innovation-oriented culture has a positive influence on the usage of workplace daycare whereas the task-oriented culture negatively influences the usage of maternity (and paternity) leave. The findings of this study empirically support the normative argument that fostering an organizational culture of flexibility is a necessary prerequisite to promote family-friendly work systems.
  • 6.

    A Q-Methodological Analysis of Perception Types of Community Wellbeing

    Lee, Ji-eun | 2020, 31(2) | pp.151~183 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to identify people’s subjective perception types of community wellbeing and analyze characteristic of each type by using Q methodology. This study attempts to supplement the previous literature on community wellbeing that focuses heavily on quantitative analysis and that lacks research on subjective preception of community wellbeing. To this end, I extract 34 statements as Q samples from the community wellbeing model and select 34 subjects of study as P samples from a group of public officials, experts, and general residents. I use PQMethod 2.35 software for factor analysis. The study finds three types of perception: 1) infrastructure-capital-oriented, 2) human-development-capital-oriented, and 3) environmental- and social-capital-oriented types. By identifying these perception types, this study provides basic information for local governments to prioritize the needs of their residents. It would help local governments approach community wellbeing by types so as to provide active and preemptive administrative services, which would further help them systematically manage their administration in general by packaging their policies on the basis of these perception types. In a broader sense, this study suggests usefulness of time- and cost-effective Q methodology.
  • 7.

    The Study on Seoul Youth Employment Policy: Using Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) to Structured Survey Data

    Haeyoon Lee , Park, Byoung-sik , Nam Gung, Guem-soon | 2020, 31(2) | pp.185~222 | number of Cited : 2
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the causal conditions that affect youth employment policy in Seoul and their association. We investigated the labour market programs that the Seoul Metropolitan Government used in its youth employment policy in 2018. We analyzed the possible causal conditions and their relationship that the relevance of the project purpose, the suitability of the budget, the competence and expertise of the propulsion agent, and the suitability of the selection of consumers affected to the quantitative and qualitative performance of Seoul’s employment policy. We used the structured survey data and applied the fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (Fs/QCA)method. We found the factors related to the success and failure of Seoul’s employment policy (labor market program) through the verification of the necessary and sufficient conditions for achieving the results of youth employment policies in each program, such as employment support services, customized professional training and employment incentives. This study suggests an approach to select practical priorities for achieving performance in operating labor market programs in the public sector. It would be able to contribute to design future labor market programs by verifying requirements that could not produce the expected results of the policy.
  • 8.

    Analysis of Influencing Factors on Delaying Marriage of Unmarried Men and Women

    Tak, Hyunwoo | 2020, 31(2) | pp.223~244 | number of Cited : 5
    The purpose of this study is to present policy implications for policy evidence for setting plans against low fertility through analysis of factors affecting marriage intentions and marriage delays of unmarried men and women at the time when the 4th basic plan for low fertility and aged society is in progress. Under the cultural environment of marriage and parenting in Korea, the decision-making of “marriage” as a preliminary stage for “childbirth” was judged to be important, and the factors affecting the marriage delay of unmarried men and women with intention to marry were analyzed. For the analysis, the “2015 National Fertility History and Family Health and Welfare Survey”, which was surveyed and provided by the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, was used. First, with regard to marriage delays, economic factors such as the justifiable perception of marriage and monthly income and employment status were found to be important factors. Second, regarding the marriage late, it was found that there is a high possibility of exceeding the ideal marriage age in case of employment in a large company or public sector. Based on the results of this analysis, first, it is important to prepare policies for employment of young people, and it is suggested the necessity of expanding policies that can be compatible between work and marriage to unmarried men and women from the viewpoint of parenting.