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2010, Vol.5, No.3

  • 1.

    Effects of an Neuromuscular Integration Exercise Program for the Health Promotion on Physical Strength and Activities of Daily Living

    김희라 | 김명준 | 서병도 and 6other persons | 2010, 5(3) | pp.301~312 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to determine Exercisely the effects of applying an Integrated Exercise Program (IEP) with the adapted use of Thera-Band exercise sets to Korean seniors on their improvement in their physical strength (PS), daily living ability (ADL and IDAL). Methods:The Exercise group consisted of 30 Korean seniors of 65 years of age or older, while the control group had another 30 Korean seniors with comparable aging. The Exercise group received the IEP for 50 to 60 minutes per session, three sessions per week, for a duration of consecutive 12 weeks. Results:This confirms the beneficial effects of the IEP on their MA and PS, and their improvement in PS (p<.05), in turn, can improve their IADL (p<.05).The results of this study indicate the potentialities for IEP to help Korean seniors of 65 years or older to improve their PS, ADL and IADL. Conclusion:The IEP is within the physical and financial capabilities of Korean seniors, can be designed and modified and adjusted according to their individual physiological conditions. Sustained, regular exercises under IEP are expected to help resolve physiological issues of aging of Korean seniors.
  • 2.

    The Change of Electroencephalogram According to Bio-Feedback Training in Dementia

    김연주 | 이승주 | 이윤미 and 1other persons | 2010, 5(3) | pp.313~322 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    Purpose:This study was to evaluate the effects of cognitive rehabilitation training on the cognitive decline of dementia patients. Therefore the purpose of this study was to examine the influence of brain activation according to bio-feedback training in dementia. Methods:Ten dementia patients were recruited this study. Experiment was performed for 30min per session,five times a week through 4 week and two measurements before and after bio-feedback training. Brain activity was measured by Korea Electroencephalogram(EEG) system. Statistical analysis was used Wilcoxon signed rank test to know difference of EEG between pre and post-test in each group and Mann-Whitney U test was to know difference between experimental and control group. Results:Significant improvement of slow-alpha wave was observed following bio-feedback in experiment group. There was no significant change in experiment and control group. Conclusion:In this study, the bio-feedback training was effective in improving slow-alpha wave in dementia patients. It is suggested that bio-feedback training with dementia patients can be useful to ameliorate the cognitive decline. And it will be effective for prevention of cognitive function decline.
  • 3.

    아기띠를 사용하여 보행 시 팔의 보조가 목, 허리 및 다리 근활성도에 미치는 영향

    장종성 | Lee Sang-yeol | 이명희 and 2other persons | 2010, 5(3) | pp.323~330 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of muscle activation of neck, lumbar and low limb by using baby carrier with arms during walking. Methods:Twenty healthy and young females who brought up infants and had no musculoskeletal disorders of neck, lumbar and low limb were recruited for this study. They were instructed to perform muscle activation of neck, lumbar and low limb using the baby carrier with and without arms during walking. ProComp infinitiTM (Thought Technology Ltd., Canada) was used to measure the muscle activity of neck, lumbar and lower extremity muscles. Results:Activation of neck paraspinalis muscle was significantly increased using baby carrier with arms and there was a significant increase on erector spinae muscle activation by using anterior baby carrier. Conclusion:These results indicate that the muscle activation was changed by arms assist and the position of using baby carrier. Therefore, it could be considered relationship of muscle activation and musculoskeletal demage as carrying baby.
  • 4.

    척수성 경수증에 대한 증례연구

    이영화 | 권원안 | 2010, 5(3) | pp.331~339 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose:Cervical spondylotic myelopathy is a varied clinical syndromes and the most serious condition of cervical spondylosis. Spinal cord dysfunction is often caused by the compression on spinal cord. The purpose of this report was to describe physical examination and the process of disorders on cervical spondylotic myelopathy(CSM). Methods:Three cases with cervical myelopathy were presented with magnetic resonance image(MRI), Nurick's grade and Japanese Orthopaedic Association(JOA) score. Results:This studies showed a variable clinical course with gradual neurological deterioration in two cases. but one case was improved by operation and a regular aerobic exercise. MRI, Nurick's grade, JOA score are a useful adjunct for CSM evaluation. Conclusion:The state of CSM is variable, which may affect conservative treatments and surgery. It is needed to be a carefull approach and studies for a conservative treatment and management on CSM.
  • 5.

    The Use on Physical Therapies of Korean Delegation in the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games

    Seung Heon An | Je-Hoon Lee | 2010, 5(3) | pp.341~350 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose:To provide information and data about the physical therapy service for planning future Olympic and other mass gatherings. Methods:To document the injuries sustained during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games in a sample of patients visiting the physical therapy department of the Korean Olympic Committee. Athletes visited the physical therapy department in 2008 Beijing Olympic Korean delegation from 1 August through 22August. Results:The sex ratio of athletes who visited physical therapy room was male 27.5%, female 72.5% and that number of case sports were higher Handball (26.2%), hockey (15.8%), archery (10.4%). The most prevalent injury of body parts was shoulder (15.1%), followed by the lumbar(14.2%), and the cervical spine (10.5%). Treatment modality had manual therapy(891), electrical therapy (584), ultrasound (461) and the number of taping were handball (47.8%), hocky (23.8%), judo (8.2%). Ankle (31.4%) was the most body parts of taping Conclusion:Physical therapy in sport as a professional sports event to get their players to injury prevention and treatment. These results can be of help to optimize the strategies to prevent injuries and to treatment the injured athletes
  • 6.

    The Effect of Water Exercise on Muscles of the Low-limbs depend on the Depth

    jeong | 윤세원 | DOO YOUNG TAEK | 2010, 5(3) | pp.351~362 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    연구목적:수심 깊이에 따른 수중운동이 하지근력에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 하는데 목적이 있다. 연구방법:신경근골격계 질환이 없는 여자 10명을 대상으로 하였고, 무작위로 수심 0.7m 그룹과 1.4m 그룹으로 배치하였다. 수중운동은 1회 40분, 주 3회 6주 동안 적용하였다. Ultrasound MyLab25(Esaote, Italy)를 이용하여 하지근육의 우모각과 밀도를 실험전과 후에 측정하였다. 연구결과:골격근 구조의 역학적 특성을 나타내는 우모각 변화를 비교한 결과 0.7m 그룹의 오른쪽 넙다리곧은근과 왼쪽 넙다리곧은근, 앞정강근 그리고 장딴지근에서, 1.4m 그룹의 오른쪽 앞정강근과 장딴지근, 왼쪽 넙다리곧은근에서 통계학적으로 유의한 차이가 나타났으나(p<.05), 수심 깊이에 따른 유의한 차이는 없었다(p>.05). 또한, 질적 특성을 나타내는 근육 영상 밀도 변화를 비교한 결과 0.7m 그룹의 오른쪽 넙다리곧은근,장딴지근과 왼쪽 넙다리곧은근, 앞정강근, 장딴지근에서 1.4m 그룹의 양쪽 넙다리곧은근, 앞정강근, 장딴지근에서 통계학적으로 유의한 차이가 나타났고(p<.05), 특히 1.4m 그룹에서 현저한 증가를 보였으나 수심 깊이에 따른 유의한 차이는 없었다(p>.05). 결론:본 연구에서는 수심 차이에 관계없이 수중운동 후 근밀도와 우모각에 영향을 미치는 것을 확인할 수 있었다.
  • 7.

    Comparison of Ranges of Motion in The Thoracolumbar Region for Clinical Diagnoses of Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain

    이상욱 | 김선엽 | 2010, 5(3) | pp.363~373 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to compare differences in thoracolumbar ranges of motions by comparing ratios among 4 type diagnosis for patient with chronic low back pain. Methods:The subjects were 58 chronic low back pain patients. A motion analysis program (Global Postural System) was used after photography for posture measurement. To analyze differences in mobility percentages and ratios of thoracolumbar ranges of motion, one-way ANOVA was used. Results:Regional difference spinal posture and movement were found to diagnosis patients with chronic low back pain. Comparison of thoracolumbar ranges of motion revealed significant differences in the thoracic region during forward-bending of the trunk (p<.05). In the upper thoracic region, the herniated intervertebral lumbar disc (HILD) group was significantly larger than the spinal stenosis/herniated intervertebral lumbar disc (SS/HILD) group (p<.05). In the lower thoracic region, chronic sprains (CS) were significantly greater than in the spinal stenosis (SS) group and in the (SS/HILD) group (p<.05). Comparative analysis of thoracic/lumbar mobility ratio showed the CS group's ratio during forward bending was largest: 1.66, while the HILD group's ratio was smallest: .84 a significant difference between the two groups (p<.01). Diagnosis was not associated with difference in thoracolumbar backward-bending range of motion (p>.05). Conclusion:Theses results indicate the clinical efficacy of diagnosing for chronic low back pain by evaluating spinal mobility.
  • 8.

    Effect of a modified maneuver for quadriceps muscle setting with co-contraction of the hamstrings on patients with knee joint osteoarthritis

    강정선 | Wan-hee Lee | Lee Dong-jin and 1other persons | 2010, 5(3) | pp.375~383 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to investigate a modified maneuver for quadriceps setting exercise for patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods:The patients were randomly divided into a modified maneuver for quadriceps setting exercise group (MQG) and conventional quadriceps setting exercise group(CQG). Total of 28 patients received a modality with training for 1 hour, three times a week for 12 weeks. Results:Each group showed significant reductions in the WOMAC(Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis) Index, mobility, and muscle strength after 12 weeks. In pain, physical function, and hamstring muscle strength, there was a statistically significant difference between groups. Conclusion:According to the results, MQG experienced less pain, physical function, and increased more hamstring muscle strength than NQG.
  • 9.

    The Relationships among Gait Asymmetry, the Gait Velocity and Motor Function of Lower Extremity in Stroke Patients

    Nam Hyoung Chun | Seong Yeol KIm | Seung Heon An | 2010, 5(3) | pp.385~394 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Purpose:The present study was to examine the difference and severity of asymmetry in independently ambulating stroke survivors and to establish the association between gait asymmetry, velocity, and the motor function of lower extremity. Methods:The subjects used in this study were 43 subjects with hemiparesis being able to walk independently. Motor function of lower extremity was measured clinically with the Fugl Meyer-Lower /Extremity Assessment. Overground gait velocity and spatio-temporal parameters were collected by the GAITRite system. Results:Thirty(69.77%) patients showed statistically significant temporal asymmetry while 28(65.1%) exhibited statistically significant spatial asymmetry. One-way ANOVA results showed a main effect of temporal symmetry group(normative, mild, severe) for gait velocity(F=74.129), FM-L/E(F=17.270), swing-stance symmetry(F=66.869,F=13.485, respectively), spatio-temporal symmetry(F=13.166, F=31.800, respectively)66, F=31.800, respectively). Gait velocity was negatively associated with temporal asymmetry(r=-.83), spatial asymmetry(r=-.60). Motor function of lower extremity was also associated with temporal asymmetry(r=-.58), and spatial asymmetry(r=-.50). Conclusion:The study attempted to establish the standard assessment of hemiparesis gait symmetry in light of the complex relationship with motor impairment and gait velocity. More future work will need to link the degree of gait asymmetry to clinically relevant outcomes to better establish the clinical significance of such observations.
  • 10.

    The effects of action observation and motor imagery of serial reaction time task(SRTT) in mirror neuron activation

    Lee Sang-yeol | 이명희 | 배성수 and 2other persons | 2010, 5(3) | pp.395~404 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Purpose:The object of this study was to examine the effect of motor learning on brain activation depending on the method of motor learning. Methods:The brain activation was measured in 9 men by fMRI. The subjects were divided into the following groups depending on the method of motor learning: actually practice (AP, n=3) group, action observation (AO,n=3) group and motor imagery (MI, n=3) group. In order to examine the effect of motor learning depending on the method of motor learning, the brain activation data were measured during learning. For the investigation of brain activation, fMRI was conducted. Results:The results of brain activation measured before and during learning were as follows; (1) During learning, the AP group showed the activation in the following areas: primary motor area located in precentral gyrus, somatosensory area located in postcentral gyrus, supplemental motor area and prefrontal association area located in precentral gyrus, middle frontal gyrus and superior frontal gyrus, speech area located in superior temporal gyrus and middle temporal gyrus, Broca’s area located in inferior parietal lobe and somatosensory association area of precuneus; (2) During learning, the AO groups showed the activation in the following areas:primary motor area located in precentral gyrus, prefrontal association area located in middle frontal gyrus and superior frontal gyrus, speech area and supplemental motor area located in superior temporal gyrusand middle temporal gyrus, Broca’s area located in inferior parietal lobe, somatosensory area and primary motor area located in precentral gyrus of right cerebrum and left cerebrum, and somatosensory association area located in precuneus; and (3) During learning, the MI group showed activation in the following areas: speech area located in superior temporal gyrus, supplemental area, and somatosensory association area located in precuneus. Conclusion:Given the results above, in this study, the action observation was suggested as an alternative to motor learning through actual practice in serial reaction time task of motor learning. It showed the similar results to the actual practice in brain activation which were obtained using activation of mirror neuron. This result suggests that the brain activation occurred by the activation of mirror neuron, which was observed during action observation. The mirror neurons are located in primary motor area, somatosensory area, premotor area,supplemental motor area and somatosensory association area. In sum, when we plan a training program through physiotherapy to increase the effect during reeducation of movement, the action observation as well as best resting is necessary in increasing the effect of motor learning with the patients who cannot be engaged in actual practice.
  • 11.

    The Effect of Trunk Muscle Activity on Bridging Exercise According to the Knee Joint Angle

    김경환 | Park,Rae-Joon | Jang Jun Hyeok and 2other persons | 2010, 5(3) | pp.405~412 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of the trunk muscle activity on bridging exercise according to the knee joint angle. Methods:Twenty-five healthy adults volunteered to participate in this study. Subjects were required to complete following four bridging exercises; knee joint flexion 120°, 90°, 60°, 45°. Surface electromyography from selected trunk muscles was normalized to maximum voluntary isometric contraction. Muscle activity was measured by QEMG-4 system(LXM 3204, Laxtha Korea). A repeated measures of one-way ANOVA with post-hoc Bonferroni's correction was used to determine the influence of bridging exercise on muscle activity for each muscle and descriptive statistics was used to determine local/global muscle ratio. Results:The internal oblique of bridging exercises 120°, 90° showed significantly(p<.05). The erctor spinae of all bridging exercises showed significant excepted between 60° and 45°(p<.05). Median of internal oblique/rectus abdominis ratio of 120° was 4.41, 90° was 3.94, 60° was 3.58, 45° was 3.39. Median of internal oblique/external oblique ratio of 120°was 2.66, 90° was 2.43, 60° was 2.87, 45° was 2.64. Conclusion:Angular motion decreasing with knee joint flexion made erector spinae activation increase. on the other hand, as decreasing abdomen muscle activation, the more performing motor learning is required for abdomen muscle strength and co-contraction for the trunk stabilization
  • 12.

    The Effect of Trunk Stability Exercise on Balance and Gait in Stroke Patients

    Song Ju-min | Kim, Soo-min | 2010, 5(3) | pp.413~420 | number of Cited : 25
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the effect of trunk stability exercise on various support base and posture on gait speed, static and dynamic balance performance. Methods:Included 17 persons with stroke who were living in the community. Trunk stability exercise program was conducted three times per week, 50 minutes per session, for 8 consecutive weeks. Subjects were tested with 10 m walking test(sec), multidirectional reach test (cm), timed get up and go test(sec) and K.A.T.3000 at both (pre and post treatment) time points. Paired t-test was used to exam mean differences between pre and post treatment by using SPSS 12.0. Results:After 8 weeks exercise program, there were significant differences in gait speed, static and dynamic balance performance(p<0.05). Conclusion:This study have shown that trunk stability exercise on various support base and posture improve physical functions(gait speed, static and dynamic balance performance).
  • 13.

    The Study on Internal Service Quality, Service Quality to Patients, Job Satisfaction, Organizational Identification and Job Identification of Physical Therapists

    정택철 | 2010, 5(3) | pp.421~434 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study is to understand the attitudes to internal service quality between coworkers,service quality to patients, job satisfaction, organizational identification and job identification of physical therapists in medical organizations. Methods:Data were collected from physical therapists working in medical organizations. 195 questionnaires were analyzed. Participants' total mean, group mean by age, sex, career and type of medical organization and the variables' correlations were examined. Results:The attitudes of physical therapists to five variables were very positive. Especially job identification was strong. The significant differences between groups were found in some variables. All variables except age and career were positively related to each other. The correlation between age and career was very high. Age and career were related to some of variables. Conclusion:To improve organizational performances it should be a top priority to understand the attitudes of physical therapists in organizations.
  • 14.

    The Comparison of Effect of Treadmill and Ergometer Training on Gait and Balance in Stroke

    김창숙 | 배성수 | 2010, 5(3) | pp.435~443 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Purpose:The goal of this study was to identify the effects of treadmill walking training (TW) and ergometer bicycle training (EB) on gait and balance in stroke patients. Methods:The subjects consisted of 42 stroke patients. They were randomly divided to two groups: TW(n=20)and EB(n=22). Each group trained along with the conventional physical therapy, three times a week for six weeks. The ability of gait was assessed by the 10m walk test and Timed Up and Go test(TUG). The ability of balance was assessed by Berg Balance Scale(BBS) and Balance Performance Monitor(BPM). Results:There was no significant difference between the 10m walking test and TUG groups, but there was a statistical difference between before and after the training for all groups. The result of BBS that assessed balance showed a significant reduction between before and after the training for all groups, but there was no difference between the two groups. While the two groups showed no difference in the BPM assessment, only the EB showed a significant improvement of before and after the training in each group. Conclusion:The outcomes suggest that stroke patients can improve their gait and balance performance through the TW and EB trainings. Although dynamic mean balance showed significance from EB, no significant difference was found between two groups. Even though it cannot be determined through this study which training group is more effective among the above mentioned two, it could be suggested that each training is effective to gait ability and the ability of balance of stroke patients.
  • 15.

    The Effect of Pelvic Tilt Exercise with Changing the Body Position on Foot Contact Pattern in Hemiplegic Patients

    장상훈 | Su Jin Park | 김민희 and 2other persons | 2010, 5(3) | pp.445~453 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of pelvic tilt exercise with changing the body position on foot contact pattern in the hemiplegic patients. Methods:Thirty seven hemiplegic patients were randomly divided 3 groups; control group (CG), sitting exercise group (SIEG) and standing exercise group (STEG). F-mat system and F-scan system were used for the measurement of foot contact pattern of hemiplegic side in walking.. Data were analyzed statistically using paired t-test and one-way ANOVA. Results:The results were as follows:1) Contact area of CG and SIEG were not significant difference in walking. Contact area of STEG was significant increased in walking. 2) Anteroposterior distance of COP of SIEG and STEG were significant increased in walking. Conclusion:These results suggest that pelvic tilt exercise in sitting and standing position are effective in the improvement of Anteroposterior distance of COP and gait stability are increased in only standing position.
  • 16.

    Effects of Motor Skill Learning on Balance and Coordination in Excitoxicity Induced Cerebellar Injury Model of Rat

    김기도 | 민경옥 | 김용억 and 7other persons | 2010, 5(3) | pp.455~465 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose:This study is intended to examine the motor skill learning on balance and coordination in the cerebellar injured rats by 3AP. Methods:This study selected 60 Sprague-Dawley rats of 8 weeks. Experiment groups were divided into four groups and assigned 15 rats to each group. Group Ⅰ was a normal control group(induced by saline); Group Ⅱwas a experimental control group(cerebellar injured by 3AP); Group Ⅲ was a group of motor skill learning after cerebellar injured by 3AP; Group Ⅳ was a group of treadmill exercise after cerebellar injured by 3AP. In each group, motor performance test, histologic observations, synaptophysin expression and electron microscopy observation were analyzed. Results:In motor performance test, the outcome of group Ⅱ was significantly lower than the group Ⅲ, Ⅳ(especially group Ⅲ)(p<.001). In histological finding, the experimental groups were destroy of dendrities and nucleus of cerebellar neurons. Group Ⅲ, Ⅳ were decreased in degeneration of cerebellar neurons(especially group Ⅲ). In immunohistochemistric response of synaptophysin in cerebellar cortex, experimental groups were decreased than group Ⅰ. Group Ⅲ's expression of synaptophysin was more increased than group Ⅱ, Ⅳ. In electron microscopy finding, the experimental groups were degenerated of Purkinje cell. Conclusion:These result suggest that improved motor performance by motor skill learning after harmaline induced is associated with dynamically altered expression of synaptophysin in cerebellar cortex and that is related with synaptic plasticity.
  • 17.

    Analysis of Brain Activation due to Mouth Shape during Grip Movement

    심제명 | 김중선 | Kim Hwan Hee | 2010, 5(3) | pp.467~476 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose:This study was performed to understand the relationship between hand and mouth shapes using functional magnetic resonance imaging(fMRI). Methods:Two healthy volunteers without any previous history of physical or neurological illness were recruited. fMRI was done that volunteers was 6 repeated of natural mouth, close mouth and open mouth while power grip and pinch grip movement. Results:Cerebral cortex activation was not well observed for the natural mouth during the power grip exercise. For the closed mouth, the temporal lobe, Broca's area, the prefrontal area related to thinking and judgment, the supplementary motor area, the auditory area and Wernicke's area were activated. For the open mouth, cortical activation was also observed in the temporal lobe, Wernicke's area, the prefrontal area related to thinking and the orbital frontal area related to visual sense. During the pinch grip exercise, cortical activation was observed for the natural mouth in the primary sensory area, Wernicke's area, the primary and supplementary motor area,and the prefrontal area. For the closed mouth, cortical activation was observed in the temporal lobe, Wernicke's area, the prefrontal area related to thinking, the secondary visual area, the primary sensory area and the supplementary motor area. In the case of the open mouth, cortical activation was observed in a few parts in the temporal lobe as well as Wernicke's area, the prefrontal area related to thinking, and other areas related to visual sense such as the primary visual area, the secondary visual area and the visual association area. Conclusion:Brain was more activation for close mouth and open mouth more than natural mouth movement.
  • 18.

    Reliability of the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale for the Muscle Tone of Poststroke Patients

    김태호 | 김용욱 | 2010, 5(3) | pp.477~485 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose:The clinical scale to assess spasticity of muscle was wildly used the modified Ashworth scale (MAS). But reliability of the MAS has been controverted for ambiguity among the grades. The purpose of this study was to establish the inter-rater reliability of the modified MAS (MMAS) translated into Korean in stroke patients. Methods:Twenty-five patients (sixteen men and nine women) with hemiplegia (ten right and fifteen left) were measured by two raters who were physical therapist in the rehabilitation hospital. The raters assessed spasticity of shoulder adductor, elbow flexor, wrist flexor, hip adductor, knee extensor, and ankle plantar flexor in the same patients according to ratings criteria of the MAS and the MMAS. Results:For the inter-rater reliability of the MAS, two raters agreed on 57.3% and the Kappa values were moderate (κ=0.41) between two rater. The inter-rater reliability of the MAS was fair for the wrist flexor and the hip adductor and moderate for the other muscles. The intra-rater reliability was good for the shoulder adductor and the knee extensor and moderate for the other muscles. For the inter-rater reliability of the MMAS, two raters agreed on 84.7% and the Kappa values were good (κ=0.78) between two rater. The inter-rater reliability of the MMAS was moderate for the hip adductor, and good for the shoulder adductor and the wrist flexor, and very good for the other muscles. The intra-rater reliability was good for the wrist flexor and the hip adductor and very good for the other muscles. Conclusion:This study suggests that the MMAS translated into Korean is reliable test scale for the spasticity with stroke patients in the clinical field.
  • 19.

    Immediate effects of High-Frequency Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on the Lower Limb Spasticity and the Balance in the Stroke Patient

    Cho Hwi-young | In Tae Sung | Sun-Hyun Lee and 4other persons | 2010, 5(3) | pp.487~498 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Purpose:To investigate the immediate effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation(TENS) on the spasticity and the balance in the stroke patients. Methods:26 subjects with spasticity over lower limbs were allocated randomly into two groups : (1) TENS group, (2) placebo-TENS group. TENS was applied on the both gastrocnemius for 60 minutes(100 Hz, 0.25 ms,2 times sensory threshold). The modified Ashworth Scale(MAS) and Manual Muscle Tester were used to assess the spasticity of the ankle plantar flexors. Static balance under three conditions was measured by force-plate; in (1) the condition of standing with eyes opened, (2) with eyes closed and (3) the condition of standing on unstable surface with eyes opened Results:When compared with the pre and post TENS application, TENS showed significant reduction of ankle spasticity in MAS and MMT measurement. Also, Application of high-frequency TENS improved the balance under three conditions. Conclusion:A single session of TENS to stroke patients could reduce spasticity and improve the balance.
  • 20.

    The Effects of Sensorimotor Stimulation on Development of Infants with Low Birth Weight Premature in NICU

    Eun ju LEE | 박소현 | Oh Tae Young and 1other persons | 2010, 5(3) | pp.499~508 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of sensorimotor stimulation on the development of infant with low birth weight premature Methods:Ten infants with low birth weight premature and ten normal infants participated in this study. We carried out test TIMP(Test of Infants Motor Performance) according pre intervention, post 3 weeks, PCA 40week and normal infants. The intervention of sensorimotor stimulation applied to infants with low birth weight premature four times a week and fifteen minutes a once time. There was no intervention for normal infants The collected dada were analyzed by ANOVA using by SPSS/PC 17.0 ver. program. Results:There was significant difference among three differential test period to improved developmental value in infants with low birth weight premature. According over time, numbers of observed items presented significant difference among test period, and elicited total score and total raw score was significant value(p=.00). There was no significant value that means sensorimotor stimulation affected on development of infants with low birth weight premature. Conclusions:In conclusion, sensorimotor stimulation had affects on the development of infants with low birth weight premature.