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2011, Vol.6, No.1

  • 1.

    The Effect of Closed Kinetic Chain Exercise with FES of the Gluteus Medius on Gait in Stroke

    LEE SU KYOUNG | 박민철 | 심제명 and 1other persons | 2011, 6(1) | pp.1~8 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of closed kinetic chain exercise with functional electrical stimulation(FES) of the gluteus medius on gait in stroke. Methods:30 hemiplegic patients voluntarily participated in this study. Subjects were divided into experimental group(n=15) and control group(n=15). Experimental group was given closed kinetic chain exercise with FES of the gluteus medius and control group was given only closed kinetic chain exercise for 4 weeks. All subjects were measured 10m-walking speed, cadence, functional walking category(FAC) and modified motor assessment scale(MMAS) before and after intervention. Results:In experimental group, gait velocity, cadence, FAC and MMAS showed significant difference between pre and post test(p<.05). In control group, gait velocity, cadence and FAC showed significant difference between pre and post test(p<.05). Before intervention, gait velocity, cadence, FAC and MMAS were not significant difference between experimental group and control group(p>.05), but after intervention, gait velocity,FAC and MMAS were significant difference(p<.05). Conclusion:This study show that closed kinetic chain exercise with functional electrical stimulation(FES) of the gluteus medius is beneficial intervention for increase the wlking ability in stroke.
  • 2.

    Comparison of effects of Feedback vs Repeative task training on lower extremity function in patients with chronic hemiplegia

    안명환 | 안창식 | 2011, 6(1) | pp.9~17 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of performing feedback vs repeative tasks on lower extremity motor function and falls efficacy in chronic hemiplegic patients,. Methods:40 hemiplegic patients took part in this study. The average age of the feedback-task group was 68.45years and 68.20 in the repeative-task group. All subjects participated in the study for 8 weeks, doing exercises 3 per day per week. All participants were assessed by using the Berg balance scale (BBS), the lower-extremity subscale of the Fugel-Meyer assessment of sensorimotor impairment (FMLE), and the falls efficacy scale (FES). The data were analyzed using a paired t-test. Results:After 8 weeks of exercise training, the results of this study were: the BBS and FMLE of hemiplegic patients showed a feedback-task and repeative-task groups (p<0.05). The FES of hemiplegic patients also showed a significant difference between the quantitative-task and qualitative-task groups (p<0.05). Conclusion:We present findings suggesting that chronic hemiplegic patients could improve their standing balance ability better through a feedback-task exercise program, as opposed to a repeative-task exercise program.
  • 3.

    Effects of Dual Task Balance Training on Balance and Activities of Daily Living in Stroke Patient

    김여진 | 손호희 | junglim oh and 1other persons | 2011, 6(1) | pp.19~29 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of study was to investigate effects of dual task balance training on balance and activities of daily living(ADL) in Stroke patient. Methods:The purpose of study was to investigate effects of dual task balance training on balance and activities of daily living(ADL) in Stroke patient. Results:The results of this study were summarized as follows: There were significant improvement in balance and ADL following the training in experimental group. There were significant improvement in a part of balance following the training in control group, whereas there were no significant improvement in ADL following the training in control group. There were significant difference following training in both groups in balance and ADL. The level of statistical significance was <05. Conclusion:Based on the results of this study, dual task balance training have an effects on balance and ADL in stroke patients.
  • 4.

    Effectiveness of Upper Extremity Exercise and Bandage on the Edema and ROM of Patients with Lymphedema

    임창훈 | Jintae-Han | 2011, 6(1) | pp.31~38 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of upper extremity exercise and Bandage on the edema and range of motion. Complex decongestive physiotherapy was one of the latest methods to deal with the limitation of range of motion and the edema that were the prime problems of patients with lymphedema. Methods:Twenty patients undergone mastectomy were participated in this study voluntarily. They had lymphedema on upper extremity and partial limitation of range of motion. The subjects had been treated with upper extremity home exercise and complex decongestive physiotherapy with Bandage for 4 weeks. The measure of these patients with upper extremity edema was included: the volume, arm circumfenence and range of motion. These were measured two times: before the treatment, after 4 weeks of the treatment. Results:The upper extremity edema of patients treated home exercise group and complex decongestive physiotherapy group with Bandage was definitely decreased (p<0.05). Moreover, the upper volume of those who were the same condition also significantly shrank and patients’ arm circumferences of upper arm breathtakingly diminished as well (p<0.05). But home exercise group patients’ arm circumferences of forearm was not remarkable(p>0.05). However, patients’ range of motion who were treated with upper extremity exercise were evidently increased when compared to that of the before treatment (p<0.05). Conclusion:Complex decongestive physiotherapy and bandage performed by physical therapist increased the ROM of upper arm and reduced the edema in patients with lymphedema.
  • 5.

    Effectiveness of Inflammation Release through the Four Weeks Aquatic Exercise with Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

    Lee Si Kyoung | 박수진 | Song Ju-min and 1other persons | 2011, 6(1) | pp.39~49 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of pain release through the four weeks aquatic exercise among the female subjects aged above 50 and who suffered from arthritis. Methods:The assessment was validated by blood analysis which measured the fluctuations of Erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), C-reactive protein(CRP) and Rheumatoid factor(RF). Among the 50 subjects of this experiment, the control group has only taken a regular treatment from the clinic and the other experimental group has done aquatic exercise. The experimental group has practiced the aquatic exercise 50 minutes a day for one month excluding the weekends. Results:Blood analysis revealed that ESR was decreased in both the control group and the experimental group and the major effect of CRP was diminished only in the experimental group. No significance of RF was found in both the control group and the experimental group. Conclusion:These results indicate that the aquatic exercise is an effective treatment for arthritis that is compatible with the similar results from the previous studies. In line with this, the aquatic exercise program can provide an effective treatment and control of the disease with the arthritis patient. Accordingly, the regular basis aquatic exercise proved to be quite satisfactory treatment in this regard and we contend that it is vital for the arthritis patients.
  • 6.

    The Effect of Changes in Young Women's Static Balance after Performing Walking Task with Different Carrying Bag Positions

    Kim Jin Seop | Kyoung Kim | Jun, Deokhoon | 2011, 6(1) | pp.51~58 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    Purpose:This study was designed to identify the effects of carrying bag positions (None, left hand, right hand,left shoulder, right shoulder) on static balance. Methods:Fourteen healthy adult females participated in the this study. The exclusion criteria were orthopedic or neurologic disease, predominant left side. Measurements were performed initial effects. Results were evaluated by OSI, APSI, and MLSI in the biodex stability system. Results:There are among the three assessments (overall stability index(OSI), antero-posterior stability index (APSI), medio-lateral stability index(MLSI) significants difference for the carrying bags positions (None bag, left hand, right hand, left shoulder, right shoulder)(p<.05). The post-hoc test revealed a significant difference between none bag and both left hand and left shoulder in the OSI, APSI, MLSI (p<.05). Also, comparing the carrying positions significant difference between right hand and both left hand and left shoulder in the MLSI (p<.05). Conclusion:The results suggest that none dominant side with carrying bag improve more imbalance than none bag and right hand of dominant with carrying bag improve more balance than non dominant side. When comparing the four carrying bag conditions, right hand was more effective than another conditions in static balance.
  • 7.

    The Relation Between the Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment and Walking and Balance Ability in Stroke Patient

    배원식 | KeonCheol Lee | 남형천 | 2011, 6(1) | pp.59~69 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purposes of this study were to find correlations among Fugl-Meyer Assessment Scale, walking velocity, walking asymmetry and balance ability. Methods:The study sample consisted of 50 stroke patients referred to the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine in the Sanggye Paik, Ilsan Paik, Seoul Paik, and Dobong Hospital. All subjects were ambulatory with or without an assistive device. All participants were assessed on Fugl-Meyer Assessment scale and walking velocity, walking asymmetry. The data were analyzed using independent t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression. Results:The results revealed that upper extremity coordination, balance and pain items of Fugl-Meyer Assessment scale were significantly correlated with walking velocity and upper extremity and upper extremity motor and balance items of Fugl-Meyer Assessment scale were significantly correlated with walking asymmetry. Fugl-Meyer Assessment scale was not significantly correlated with Static Balance Index, Dynamic Balance Index and Weight Distribution Asymmetry Index . Their power of explanation regarding comfortable walking velocity and comfortable walking asymmetry were 60.3%, 42.5% respectively. Conclusion:These results showed that Fugl-Meyer Assessment scale is significantly correlated with walking velocity, asymmetry and not significantly correlated with balance ability. Therefore Fugl-Meyer Assessment scale is an appropriate assessment tool to predict walking ability of patients with stroke. Futher study about walking velocity and asymmetry by change of Fugl-Meyer Assessment scale is needed using a longitudinal study design.
  • 8.

    The Effect of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on H-Reflex Inhibition and Fascilitation of Range of Motion of Spastic Ankle Joint in Chronic Stroke Patients

    조미숙 | 2011, 6(1) | pp.71~79 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was carried out to investigate the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on increase of H-reflex inhibition and fascilitation of range of motion of spastic ankle joint in chronic stroke patients. Methods:30 chronic stroke patients were randomly divided into three groups, a control group(placebo rTMS group), 5 Hz rTMS group and manual therapy group. The MAS and ROM of ankle joint and H-reflex inhibition of soleus muscle were evaluated on each group. Results:The rTMS group decreased MAS of ankle joint and increased H-reflex inhibition of soleus muscle,and ROM of ankle joint than manual therapy group. The placebo rTMS group did not affected the change of MAS, ROM of ankle joint and H-reflex inhibition of soleus muscle. Conclusion:The rTMS was a good therapeutic tool to improve the foot drop in the chronic stroke patients.
  • 9.

    The Effects of Combined Exercise Program for Patients with Chronic Neck Pain

    장현정 | 김현희 | Changho Song | 2011, 6(1) | pp.81~92 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to compare combined exercise program group to conventional physiotherapy for patients with chronic neck pain. Methods:Participants were randomly allocated to two groups by experimental(n=17) and control(n=17). Combined exercise program group involved stretching, stability, strengthening and endurance, proprioceptive exercises along with an educational programme. Patient attended for 60min, three times a weeks. Control group was treated as conventional physiotherapy on 40 min, three times a weeks. Outcome variables included pain, disability, range of motion, fatigability at 0 and 6 weeks. Results:Pain, Disability Index, Fatigability significantly decreased(p<.05) and Range of motion improved significantly after active exercise program(p<.05). In conclusion. Combined exercise program improves pain and disability, range of motion, fatigability. Conclusion:These results suggest that combined exercise program is suitable for chronic neck pain.
  • 10.

    Comparison of Electromyography Muscle in Lower Extremity from Isometric Trunk Exercise for 12weeks of Elderly Hansen's disease in Facility-Dwelled and Foot Sensory Loss

    정순미 | 2011, 6(1) | pp.93~101 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of maximum muscle activation of lower extremity of facility dwelled elderly Hansen's disease after isometric trunk exercise for 12weeks. Methods:18 elderly Hansen's disease who isometric trunk exercise for 12weeks were recruited for this study. They were instructed to perform maximum muscle activation of lower extremity after exercise. and the subjects were divided into normal sensory group, sensory loss in left foot group, sensory loss in right foot group and sensory loss in both feet group, according to the sensory condition ability on their soles. Results:After exercise, Hamstring muscle increased significantly (p<.05), and activation of the rectus femoris muscle decreased with a significance (p<.05). In terms of Post-hoc test for examining the difference in MVIC according to sensory condition, there was significant difference in the normal sensory group, sensory loss in right and left foot group of left hamstring muscle before the exercise(p=.01) and the normal sensory group, sensory loss in both feet group of right hamstring muscle before the exercise(p=.04). Conclusion:These results indicate that the maximum muscle activation was changed after isometric trunk exercise. it could be improved maximum muscle activation of lower extremity muscle after the exercise although there was sensory loss.
  • 11.

    Comparison of the Muscle Activity Ratio of Tibialis Anterior and Extensor Digitorum Longus in Subjects with the Normal Toe and the Hammer Toe during the Active Ankle Dorsiflexion

    Koh, Eun Kyung | Do-young Jung | 김태호 | 2011, 6(1) | pp.103~108 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Purpose:The purposes of this study were to compare the muscle activity ratio of tibialis anterior (TA) / extensor digitorum longus (EDL) during the active ankle dorsiflexion in subjects with the normal toe (NT) and the hammer toe (HT). Methods:Nineteen subjects with the NT group and nineteen subjects with the HT group were recruited for this study. The muscle activities of TA and EDL were measured by using surface electromyography (EMG) and the angles of ankle dorsiflexion and eversion of the subtalar joint were measured by using 3-dementional motion analysis during the active ankle dorsiflexion in prone position. Results:The muscle activity ratio of TA / EDL was significantly lower in the HT group compared to the NT group (p<.05). The angle of ankle dorsiflexion was significantly lower in the HT group compared to the NT group (p<.05). Conclusions:These results suggest that muscle imbalance between TA and EDL muscle and decreased ankle dorsiflexion range of motion may contribute to hammer toe deformity. Further studies are needed to confirm that the correcting of this imbalance and the increasing ankle dorsiflexion could improve toe alignment in the subjects with HT.