PURPOSE: This study examined the incidence, location, and characteristics of sports injuries according to the position in Korean female elite handball athletes.
METHODS: Thirty handball athletes, who trained at between January 2019 and December 2019 were enrolled. The event, position, and location of injury were recorded according to the IOC’s Daily injury reports form. The incidence of sports injury was examined with the 95% confidence interval (CI), and the difference in the incidence of injury by position was presented as the rate ratio (RR). Moreover, differences in the location of the sports injury according to the position were examined using χ2 tests.
RESULTS: A total of 148 sports injuries occurred in the handball players, with an incidence of 22.71 cases of injury per 1,000 exposures (95% CI 19.05 - 26.37) The incidence of injury was highest in the Competition group, followed by the Weights and Training groups. The most common location of sports injury was the lower extremity, followed by the upper extremity, trunk. No significant differences in the location of sports injuries were observed according to the position (p = .384). In addition, the knee, ankle, lumbar spine/lower back, shoulder/clavicle were common sites of sports injury among handball players.
CONCLUSION: These results provide a baseline for predicting sports injuries occurring in athletes during games, and would provide useful information for developing performance enhancement as well as injury prevention programs.